UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1

Question 1
Which of the following set of statements best describes the nature and objectives of teaching ?
Indicate your answer by selecting from the code.
(a) Teaching and learning are integrally related.
(b) There is no difference between teaching and training.
(c) Concern of all teaching is to ensure some kind of transformation in students.
(d) All good teaching is formal in nature.
(e) A teacher is a senior person.
(f) Teaching is a social act whereas learning is a personal act.
A
(a), (b) and (d)
B
(b), (c) and (e)
C
(a), (c) and (f)
D
(d), (e) and (f)
       Teaching Aptitude       Nature-of-Teaching
Question 1 Explanation: 
Nature and objectives of teaching
1. Teaching and learning are integrally related.
2. Concern of all teaching is to ensure some kind of transformation in students.
3. Teaching is a social act whereas learning is a personal act.
Question 2
Which of the following learner characteristics is highly related to effectiveness of teaching ?
A
Prior experience of the learner
B
Educational status of the parents of the learner
C
Peer groups of the learner
D
Family size from which the learner comes.
       Teaching Aptitude       Learner\'s-Charateristics
Question 2 Explanation: 
Following learner characteristics is highly related to effectiveness of teaching:
I. Prior experience of the learner
II. Habit of exercise
III. Slow beginning and gradual development
IV. Habit of readiness
Question 3
​In the two sets given below Set - I indicates methods of teaching while Set - II provides the basic requirements for success/effectiveness. Match the two sets and indicate your answer by choosing from the code :

A
(a)-(i), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(iv)
B
(a)-(ii), (b)-(iii), (c)-(iv), (d)-(v)
C
(a)-(iii), (b)-(v), (c)-(ii), (d)-(i)
D
(a)-(iv), (b)-(ii), (c)-(i), (d)-(iii)
       Teaching Aptitude       Methods-of-Teaching
Question 3 Explanation: 
Lecturing : Lecturing refers to giving an instructructional talk(which is easy to understand) on some subject usually in front of a class or a group of people.
Discussion in groups : Discussion in groups refers to a discussion taking place in a group of people on a common topic.
Brainstorming : Brainstorming refers to a method of generating ideas to solve a specific problem.
Programmed learning (or programmed instruction) is a research-based system which helps learners work successfully. The method is guided by research done by a variety of applied psychologists and educators.
Question 4
From the list of evaluation procedures given below identify those which will be called ‘formative evaluation’. Indicate your answer by choosing from the code :
(a) A teacher awards grades to students after having transacted the course work.
(b) During interaction with students in the classroom, the teacher provides corrective feedback.
(c) The teacher gives marks to students on a unit test.
(d) The teacher clarifies the doubts of students in the class itself.
(e) The overall performance of a students is reported to parents at every three months interval.
(f) The learner’s motivation is raised by the teacher through a question-answer session.
A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(b), (c) and (d)
C
(a), (c) and (e)
D
(b), (d) and (f)
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 4 Explanation: 
Formative Evaluation :
Formative evaluation is a evaluation for learning.
The learner’s motivation is raised by the teacher through a question-answer session Monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedbacks that can be used by instructor to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning.
Help faculties recognize where students are struggling and address problem immediately.
Question 5
Assertion (A) : All teaching should aim at ensuring learning.
Reason (R) : All learning results from teaching.
Choose the correct answer
A
Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true.
       Teaching Aptitude       Nature-of-Teaching
Question 5 Explanation: 
TRUE: Assertion (A) : All teaching should aim at ensuring learning.
FALSE:Reason (R) : All learning results from teaching.
Question 6
There are two sets given below. Set - I specifies the types of research, while Set - II indicates their characteristics. Match the two and give your answer by selecting the appropriate code.

A
(a)-(ii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(iii), (d)-(i)
B
(a)-(v), (b)-(iv), (c)-(iii), (d)-(ii)
C
(a)-(i), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(iv)
D
(a)-(ii), (b)-(iii), (c)-(iv), (d)-(v)
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research
Question 6 Explanation: 
Fundamental Research : Fundamental research can takes place in two different ways :
I. Discovery of new theory
II. Development of the existing theory
Applied research​ : ​ Fundamental​ ​ research sets principles and applied research utilizes those principles to know the problems with best possible manner.
Action research :In Action research an immediate action takes place to get a workable solution to a given problem. It tries to improve an existing situation through use of interventions.
Evaluative Research : Evaluative Research is used to evaluate the performance of the actions that have been already implemented.
Question 7
Which of the sets of activities best indicate the cyclic nature of action research strategy ?
A
Reflect, Observe, Plan, Act
B
Observe, Act, Reflect, Plan
C
Act, Plan, Observe, Reflect
D
Plan, Act, Observe, Reflect
       Research Aptitude       Nature-of-Research-Strategy
Question 7 Explanation: 
Action research strategy is carried out in the following order :
Plan : ​ Plan to improve what is already happening. It involves forward looking.
Planning recognize real constraints of the situation.
Act :​ The Act of implementing the Plan.
Guided but not controlled by plan.
Struggle towards improvement.
Observe :​ to observe the effects of action in the context in which it occurs
Reflect : ​ To reflect on these effects as a basis for further planning, subsequent action and so on, through a succession of cycles
Question 8
Which of the following sequences of research steps is nearer to scientific method ?
A
Suggested solution of the problem, Deducing the consequences of the solution, Perceiving the problem situation, Location of the difficulty and testing the solutions.
B
Perceiving the problem situation, Locating the actual problem and its definition, Hypothesizing, Deducing the consequences of the suggested solution and Testing the hypothesis in action.
C
Defining a problem, Identifying the causes of the problem, Defining a population, Drawing a sample, Collecting data and Analysing results.
D
Identifying the causal factors, Defining the problem, Developing a hypothesis, Selecting a sample, Collecting data and arriving at generalizations and Conclusions.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process
Question 8 Explanation: 
Following is the sequences of research steps:
I. Formulating the research problem
II. Extensive literature Survey
III. Developing the Hypothesis
IV. Preparing the research Design
V. Determining Sample Design
VI. Collecting the data
VII. Execution of project
VIII. Analysis of data
IX. Hypothesis testing
X. Generalisation and interpretation
XI. Preparation of the report for presentation of results.
Question 9
​The problem of ‘research ethics’ is concerned with which aspect of research activities ?
A
Following the prescribed format of a thesis
B
Data analysis through qualitative or quantitative techniques
C
Defining the population of research
D
Evidence based research reporting
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics
Question 9 Explanation: 
Research Ethics’ is concerned with the following aspect of research activities :
I. Evidence based research reporting
Question 10
In which of the following activities, potential for nurturing creative and critical thinking is relatively greater ?
A
Preparing research summary
B
Presenting a seminar paper
C
Participation in research conference
D
Participation in a workshop
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium
Question 10 Explanation: 
Participation in research conference is relatively greater among all. Because it needs to prove something and unique.
Question 11
If India has to develop her internal strengths, the nation has to focus on the technological imperatives, keeping in mind three dynamic dimensions : the people, the overall economy and the strategic interests. These technological imperatives also take into account a ‘fourth’ dimension, time, an offshoot of modern day dynamism in business, trade, and technology that leads to continually shifting targets. We believe that technological strengths are especially crucial in dealing with this fourth dimension underlying continuous change in the aspirations of the people, the economy in the global context, and the strategic interests. The progress of technology lies at the heart of human history. Technological strengths are the key to creating more productive employment in an increasingly competitive market place and to continually upgrade human skills. Without a pervasive use of technologies, we cannot achieve overall development of our people in the years to come. The direct linkages of technology to the nation’s strategic strengths are becoming more and more clear, especially since 1990s. India’s own strength in a number of core areas still puts it in a position of reasonable strength in geo-political context. Any nation aspiring to become a developed one needs to have strengths in various strategic technologies and also the ability to continually upgrade them through its own creative strengths. For people-oriented actions as well, whether for the creation of large scale productive employment or for ensuring nutritional and health security for people, or for better living conditions, technology is the only vital input. The absence of greater technological impetus could lead to lower productivity and wastage of precious natural resources. Activities with low productivity or low value addition, in the final analysis hurt the poorest most. The technological imperatives to lift our people to a new life, and to a life they are entitled to is important. India, aspiring to become a major economic power in terms of trade and increase in GDP, cannot succeed on the strength of turnkey projects designed and built abroad or only through large-scale imports of plant machinery, equipment and know how. Even while being alive to the short-term realities, medium and long-term strategies to develop core technological strengths within our industry are vital for envisioning a developed India.
According to the above passage, which of the following are indicative of the fourth dimension ?
(a) Aspirations of people
(b) Modern day dynamism
(c) Economy in the global context
(d) Strategic interests
A
(a), (b) and (c) only
B
(b), (c) and (d) only
C
(a), (c) and (d) only
D
(a), (b) and (d) only
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 12
If India has to develop her internal strengths, the nation has to focus on the technological imperatives, keeping in mind three dynamic dimensions : the people, the overall economy and the strategic interests. These technological imperatives also take into account a ‘fourth’ dimension, time, an offshoot of modern day dynamism in business, trade, and technology that leads to continually shifting targets. We believe that technological strengths are especially crucial in dealing with this fourth dimension underlying continuous change in the aspirations of the people, the economy in the global context, and the strategic interests. The progress of technology lies at the heart of human history. Technological strengths are the key to creating more productive employment in an increasingly competitive market place and to continually upgrade human skills. Without a pervasive use of technologies, we cannot achieve overall development of our people in the years to come. The direct linkages of technology to the nation’s strategic strengths are becoming more and more clear, especially since 1990s. India’s own strength in a number of core areas still puts it in a position of reasonable strength in geo-political context. Any nation aspiring to become a developed one needs to have strengths in various strategic technologies and also the ability to continually upgrade them through its own creative strengths. For people-oriented actions as well, whether for the creation of large scale productive employment or for ensuring nutritional and health security for people, or for better living conditions, technology is the only vital input. The absence of greater technological impetus could lead to lower productivity and wastage of precious natural resources. Activities with low productivity or low value addition, in the final analysis hurt the poorest most. The technological imperatives to lift our people to a new life, and to a life they are entitled to is important. India, aspiring to become a major economic power in terms of trade and increase in GDP, cannot succeed on the strength of turnkey projects designed and built abroad or only through large-scale imports of plant machinery, equipment and know how. Even while being alive to the short-term realities, medium and long-term strategies to develop core technological strengths within our industry are vital for envisioning a developed India.
More productive employment demands :
A
Pervasive use of technology
B
Limiting competitive market place
C
Geo-political considerations
D
Large industries
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 13
If India has to develop her internal strengths, the nation has to focus on the technological imperatives, keeping in mind three dynamic dimensions : the people, the overall economy and the strategic interests. These technological imperatives also take into account a ‘fourth’ dimension, time, an offshoot of modern day dynamism in business, trade, and technology that leads to continually shifting targets. We believe that technological strengths are especially crucial in dealing with this fourth dimension underlying continuous change in the aspirations of the people, the economy in the global context, and the strategic interests. The progress of technology lies at the heart of human history. Technological strengths are the key to creating more productive employment in an increasingly competitive market place and to continually upgrade human skills. Without a pervasive use of technologies, we cannot achieve overall development of our people in the years to come. The direct linkages of technology to the nation’s strategic strengths are becoming more and more clear, especially since 1990s. India’s own strength in a number of core areas still puts it in a position of reasonable strength in geo-political context. Any nation aspiring to become a developed one needs to have strengths in various strategic technologies and also the ability to continually upgrade them through its own creative strengths. For people-oriented actions as well, whether for the creation of large scale productive employment or for ensuring nutritional and health security for people, or for better living conditions, technology is the only vital input. The absence of greater technological impetus could lead to lower productivity and wastage of precious natural resources. Activities with low productivity or low value addition, in the final analysis hurt the poorest most. The technological imperatives to lift our people to a new life, and to a life they are entitled to is important. India, aspiring to become a major economic power in terms of trade and increase in GDP, cannot succeed on the strength of turnkey projects designed and built abroad or only through large-scale imports of plant machinery, equipment and know how. Even while being alive to the short-term realities, medium and long-term strategies to develop core technological strengths within our industry are vital for envisioning a developed India.
Absence of technology would lead to :
(a) Less pollution
(b) Wastage of precious natural resources
(c) Low value addition
(d) Hurting the poorest most
A
(a), (b) and (c) only
B
(b), (c) and (d) only
C
(a), (b) and (d) only
D
(a), (c) and (d) only
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 14
If India has to develop her internal strengths, the nation has to focus on the technological imperatives, keeping in mind three dynamic dimensions : the people, the overall economy and the strategic interests. These technological imperatives also take into account a ‘fourth’ dimension, time, an offshoot of modern day dynamism in business, trade, and technology that leads to continually shifting targets. We believe that technological strengths are especially crucial in dealing with this fourth dimension underlying continuous change in the aspirations of the people, the economy in the global context, and the strategic interests. The progress of technology lies at the heart of human history. Technological strengths are the key to creating more productive employment in an increasingly competitive market place and to continually upgrade human skills. Without a pervasive use of technologies, we cannot achieve overall development of our people in the years to come. The direct linkages of technology to the nation’s strategic strengths are becoming more and more clear, especially since 1990s. India’s own strength in a number of core areas still puts it in a position of reasonable strength in geo-political context. Any nation aspiring to become a developed one needs to have strengths in various strategic technologies and also the ability to continually upgrade them through its own creative strengths. For people-oriented actions as well, whether for the creation of large scale productive employment or for ensuring nutritional and health security for people, or for better living conditions, technology is the only vital input. The absence of greater technological impetus could lead to lower productivity and wastage of precious natural resources. Activities with low productivity or low value addition, in the final analysis hurt the poorest most. The technological imperatives to lift our people to a new life, and to a life they are entitled to is important. India, aspiring to become a major economic power in terms of trade and increase in GDP, cannot succeed on the strength of turnkey projects designed and built abroad or only through large-scale imports of plant machinery, equipment and know how. Even while being alive to the short-term realities, medium and long-term strategies to develop core technological strengths within our industry are vital for envisioning a developed India.
The advantage of technological inputs would result in :
A
Unbridled technological growth
B
Importing plant machinery
C
Sidelining environmental issues
D
Lifting our people to a life of dignity
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 15
If India has to develop her internal strengths, the nation has to focus on the technological imperatives, keeping in mind three dynamic dimensions : the people, the overall economy and the strategic interests. These technological imperatives also take into account a ‘fourth’ dimension, time, an offshoot of modern day dynamism in business, trade, and technology that leads to continually shifting targets. We believe that technological strengths are especially crucial in dealing with this fourth dimension underlying continuous change in the aspirations of the people, the economy in the global context, and the strategic interests. The progress of technology lies at the heart of human history. Technological strengths are the key to creating more productive employment in an increasingly competitive market place and to continually upgrade human skills. Without a pervasive use of technologies, we cannot achieve overall development of our people in the years to come. The direct linkages of technology to the nation’s strategic strengths are becoming more and more clear, especially since 1990s. India’s own strength in a number of core areas still puts it in a position of reasonable strength in geo-political context. Any nation aspiring to become a developed one needs to have strengths in various strategic technologies and also the ability to continually upgrade them through its own creative strengths. For people-oriented actions as well, whether for the creation of large scale productive employment or for ensuring nutritional and health security for people, or for better living conditions, technology is the only vital input. The absence of greater technological impetus could lead to lower productivity and wastage of precious natural resources. Activities with low productivity or low value addition, in the final analysis hurt the poorest most. The technological imperatives to lift our people to a new life, and to a life they are entitled to is important. India, aspiring to become a major economic power in terms of trade and increase in GDP, cannot succeed on the strength of turnkey projects designed and built abroad or only through large-scale imports of plant machinery, equipment and know how. Even while being alive to the short-term realities, medium and long-term strategies to develop core technological strengths within our industry are vital for envisioning a developed India.
Envisioning a developed India requires :
A
Aspiration to become a major economic player
B
Dependence upon projects designed abroad
C
Focus on short-term projects
D
Development of core technological strengths
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 16
Differentiation between acceptance and non-acceptance of certain stimuli in classroom communication is the basis of :
A
selective expectation of performance
B
selective affiliation to peer groups
C
selective attention
D
selective morality
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 16 Explanation: 
Differentiation between acceptance and non-acceptance of certain stimuli in classroom communication is the basis of selective attention.
Question 17
Assertion (A) : The initial messages to students in the classroom by a teacher need not be critical to establish interactions later.
Reason (R) : ​ More control over the communication process means more control over what the students are learning.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true.
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 17 Explanation: 
FALSE: Assertion (A) : The initial messages to students in the classroom by a teacher need not be critical to establish interactions later.
TRUE: Reason (R) :​ ​ More control over the communication process means more control over what the students are learning.
Question 18
Assertion (A) : ​ To communicate well in the classroom is a natural ability.
Reason (R) :​ Effective teaching in the classroom demands knowledge of the communication process.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true.
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 18 Explanation: 
FALSE: Assertion (A) : To communicate well in the classroom is a natural ability.
TRUE: Reason (R) : Effective teaching in the classroom demands knowledge of the communication process.
Question 19
Assertion (A) :​ Classroom communication is a transactional process.
Reason (R) :​ A teacher does not operate under the assumption that students’ responses are purposive.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true.
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 19 Explanation: 
TRUE: Assertion (A) : Classroom communication is a transactional process.
FALSE: Reason (R) : A teacher does not operate under the assumption that students’ responses are purposive.
Question 20
Which of the following set of statements is correct for describing the human communication process ?
(a) Non-verbal communication can stimulate ideas.
(b) Communication is a learnt ability.
(c) Communication is not a universal panacea.
(d) Communication cannot break-down.
(e) More communication means more effective learning by students.
(f) Value of what is learnt through classroom communication is not an issue for students.
A
(a), (c), (e) and (f)
B
(b), (d), (e) and (f)
C
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
D
(a), (d), (e) and (f)
       Communication       Nature-of-Communication
Question 21
The next term in the series −1, 5, 15, 29, ? , ... is :
A
36
B
47
C
59
D
63
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Series-Test
Question 21 Explanation: 
It can be observed that the difference between two consecutive terms is increasing by adding 4
in the previous difference.
So for next term, next difference will be 14+4= 18
Next term = 29 + 18
Next term = 47
Question 22
The next term in the series
ABD, DGK, HMS, MTB, SBL, ? , ... is :
A
ZKU
B
ZCA
C
ZKW
D
KZU
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Alphabet-Test
Question 22 Explanation: 
Question 23
If VARANASI is coded as WCUESGZQ, then the code of KOLKATA will be :
A
LOQOZEH
B
HLZEOOQ
C
ZELHOQO
D
LQOOFZH
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Coding-and-Decoding
Question 23 Explanation: 
Question 24
Introducing Rakesh to her husband a women said, “His brother’s father is the only son of my grandfather”. The woman is related to Rakesh as :
A
Aunt
B
Mother
C
Sister
D
Daughter
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Blood-Relation-Test
Question 24 Explanation: 
Question 25
Two numbers are in the ratio 2 : 5. If 16 is added to both the numbers, their ratio becomes 1 : 2. The numbers are :
A
16, 40
B
20, 50
C
28, 70
D
32, 80
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Ratio-and-Proportion
Question 25 Explanation: 
x/y = 2/5
⇒ x = (2 /5 )y ------(1)
(x+16)/(y+16)= 1/ 2
2 x + 3 2 = y + 1 6
Put value of ′ x ′ from eqn.(1) into above eqn.
2 ( (2 /5) y ) + 3 2 = y + 1 6
4 y + 160 = 5 y + 8 0
y = 80
Put value of ′ y ′ in eqn.(1)
x = (2/5) × 80
x = 3 2
Question 26
Superiority of intellect depends upon its power of concentration on one theme in the same way as a concave mirror collects all the rays that strike upon it into one point. What type of reasoning is entailed in the above statement ?
A
Mathematical
B
Psychological
C
Analogical
D
Deductive
       Logical-Reasoning       Analogical-Reasoning
Question 26 Explanation: 
→ Argument from analogy is a special type of inductive argument, whereby perceived similarities are used as a basis to infer some further similarity that has yet to be observed. Analogical reasoning is one of the most common methods by which human beings attempt to understand the world and make decisions.
Question 27
Given below are two premises (A and B). Four conclusions are drawn from them.
Select the code that states validly drawn conclusion(s) (taking the premises individually or jointly).
Premises :
(A) Most of the dancers are physically fit.
(B) Most of the singers are dancers.
Conclusions :
(a) Most of the singers are physically fit.
(b) Most of the dancers are singers.
(c) Most of the physically fit persons are dancers.
(d) Most of the physically fit persons are singers.
A
(a) and (b)
B
(b) and (c)
C
(c) and (d)
D
(d) and (a)
       Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments
Question 27 Explanation: 
Question 28
Which one among the following is a presupposition in inductive reasoning ?
A
Law of identity
B
Unchangeability in nature
C
Harmony in nature
D
Uniformity of nature
       Logical-Reasoning       Inductive-Reasoning
Question 29
If the proposition ‘domestic animals are hardly ferocious’ is taken to be false, which of the following proposition/propositions can be claimed to be certainly true ? Select the correct code :
Propositions :
(a) All domestic animals are ferocious.
(b) Most of the domestic animals are ferocious.
(c) No domestic animal is ferocious.
(d) Some domestic animals are non-ferocious.
A
(a) and (b)
B
(a) only
C
(c) and (d)
D
(b) only
       Logical-Reasoning       Square-of-opposition
Question 30
Which one of the following statements is not correct in the context of Venn diagram method ?
A
It is a method of testing the validity of arguments.
B
It represents both the premises of a syllogism in one diagram.
C
It requires two overlapping circles for the two premises of a standard-form categorical syllogism.
D
It can be used to represent classes as well as propositions.
       Logical-Reasoning       Venn-Diagram
Question 30 Explanation: 
Question 31
The table below embodies data on the production, exports and per capita consumption of rice in country P for the five years from 2012 to 2016.

Where, Per Capita Consumption=(Consumption in million kg)÷(Population in million) and consumption (in million kg)=Production−Exports.
The percentage increase in the consumption of rice over the previous year was the highest in which year ?
A
2013
B
2014
C
2015
D
2016
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 31 Explanation: 
Percentage change = (Final value−Initial value/Initial value) × 100
(1) Percentage increase for year 2013:
Consumption of Rice (In 2013) = 2 02 − 1 14 = 8 8
Consumption of Rice (In 2012) = 1 86.5 − 1 14 = 7 2.5
P ercentage Increase = ((88−72.5)/(72.5)) × 1 00
% Increase = 2 1.37%
(2) Percentage Increase (For 2014) = ((108−88)/88) × 1 00
% Increase = 2 2.72%
(3) P ercentage Increase (For 2015) = ((105−108)/108) × 1 00
% Increase = − 2 .77%
(4) P ercentage Increase (F or 2016) =((127−105 )/105) × 1 00 = 2 0.95%
Question 32
The table below embodies data on the production, exports and per capita consumption of rice in country P for the five years from 2012 to 2016.

Where, Per Capita Consumption=(Consumption in million kg)÷(Population in million) and consumption (in million kg )= Production−Exports.

What is the population of the country in the year 2014 (in million) ?
A
2.64
B
2.72
C
2.79
D
2.85
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 32 Explanation: 
Population in million(in 2014)=(Consumption in million kg)÷(Per Capita Consumption)
Consumption(In 2014) = 108
Population in million = 108(in million kg)/38.7(in kg)
Population in million = 2.79 million
Question 33
The table below embodies data on the production, exports and per capita consumption of rice in country P for the five years from 2012 to 2016.

Where, Per Capita Consumption=(Consumption in million kg)÷(Population in million) and consumption (in million kg )= Production−Exports.

The ratio of exports to consumption in the given period was the highest in the year :
A
2012
B
2013
C
2014
D
2015
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 33 Explanation: 
Ratio of exports to consumption(In 2012) = 114/72.5 = 1.57
Ratio of exports to consumption(In 2013) = 114/80 = 1.42
Ratio of exports to consumption(In 2014) = 130/108 = 1.20
Ratio of exports to consumption(In 2015) = 116/108 = 1.07
Question 34
The table below embodies data on the production, exports and per capita consumption of rice in country P for the five years from 2012 to 2016.

Where, Per Capita Consumption=(Consumption in million kg)÷(Population in million) and consumption (in million kg )= Production−Exports.

In which year, the population of country was the highest ?
A
2013
B
2014
C
2015
D
2016
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 34 Explanation: 
population(In 2013) = 88 (in million kg)/35.2(in kg)
population(In 2013) = 2.5 million
population(In 2014) = 108 (in million kg)/38.7(in kg)
population(In 2014) = 2.7 million
population(In 2015) = 105 (in million kg)/40.5(in kg)
population(In 2015) = 2.59 million
population(In 2016) = 127 (in million kg)/42(in kg)
population(In 2016) = 3.02 million
Question 35
The table below embodies data on the production, exports and per capita consumption of rice in country P for the five years from 2012 to 2016.

Where, Per Capita Consumption=(Consumption in million kg)÷(Population in million) and consumption (in million kg )= Production−Exports.

What is the average consumption of rice (in million kg) over the years 2012-2016 ?
A
104
B
102.1
C
108
D
100.1
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 35 Explanation: 
average consumption of rice (in million kg) = [72.5+88+108+105+127]/5
average consumption of rice (in million kg) = 100.1 million kg
Question 36
Which of the following statements, regarding the term ICT is/are TRUE ?
P :​ ICT is an acronym that stands for Indian Classical Technology.
Q :​ Converging technologies that exemplify ICT include the merging of audio-visual, telephone and computer networks through a common cabling system.
A
P only
B
Q only
C
P and Q
D
Neither P nor Q
       ICT       Information-and-Comunication-Technology
Question 36 Explanation: 
P: FALSE because “Information and Communication Technology”
Q: TRUE: Converging technologies that exemplify ICT include the merging of audio-visual, telephone and computer networks through a common cabling system
Question 37
A new Laptop has been produced that weighs less, is smaller and uses less power than previous Laptop models.
Which of the following technologies has been used to accomplish this ?
A
Universal Serial Bus Mouse
B
Faster Random Access Memory
C
Blu Ray Drive
D
Solid State Hard Drive
       ICT       Latest-Technologies
Question 37 Explanation: 
Solid State Hard Drive(SSDs) essentially semiconductor memory devices mounted on a circuit board, are small and lightweight. They often follow the same form factors as HDDs (2.5-inch or 1.8-inch), but the enclosures are made mostly of plastic.
Question 38
Given the following email fields, which of the email addresses will ‘swami’ be able to see when he receives the message ?
A
ram@test.com
B
ram@test.com; raj@test.com; ravi@test.com
C
ram@test.com; rama@test.com
D
ram@test.com; rama@test.com; raj@test.com; ravi@test.com
       ICT       E-Mail
Question 39
Put the following units of storage into the correct order, starting with the smallest unit first and going down to the largest unit :
(a) Kilobyte
(b) Byte
(c) Megabyte
(d) Terabyte
(e) Gigabyte
(f) Bit
A
(f), (b), (a), (c), (d), (e)
B
(f), (b), (a), (d), (e), (c)
C
(f), (b), (a), (c), (e), (d)
D
(f), (b), (a), (d), (c), (e)
       ICT       Computer-Storage-Related
Question 39 Explanation: 
1 Byte= 8-bits
1 KiloByte= 10​ 3​ Byte
1 MegaByte= 10​ 6​ Byte
1 GigaByte= 10​ 9​ Byte
1 TeraByte= 10​ 12​ Byte
Question 40
With regard to computer memory, which of the following statement(s) is/are TRUE ?
P :​ Read Only Memory (ROM) is ‘volatile’ memory.
Q :​ Random Access Memory (RAM) is ‘volatile’ memory.
R : ​ Secondary Memory is ‘volatile’ memory.
A
P only
B
Q only
C
P and Q only
D
P and R only
       ICT       Computer-Storage-Related
Question 40 Explanation: 
Volatile Memory: A storage device is said to be volatile only if it maintains its data while the device is switched ON/ powered.
Example : RAM
Non-Volatile Memory: A storage device is said to be volatile if it maintains its data even if the device is switched OFF.
Example : ROM, Secondary memory.
Question 41
‘Fly ash’ produced in thermal power plants is an eco-friendly resource for use in :
(a) agriculture as micro-nutrient
(b) wasteland development
(c) dam and water holding structures
(d) brick industry
A
(a), (b) and (d) only
B
(b), (c) and (d) only
C
(a), (c) and (d) only
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Environment       Fly-Ash
Question 41 Explanation: 
All of the above is true.
Question 42
Which of the following types of natural disasters has no definite beginning and end ?
A
Earthquakes
B
Landslides
C
Hurricanes
D
Droughts
       Environment       Environment
Question 43
Assertion (A) : ​ Indoor air pollution is a serious health hazard.
Reason (R) :​ The dispersal of air pollutants is rather limited in indoor environment.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true and (R) is false.
D
Both (A) and (R) are false.
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment
Question 44
In terms of their contribution to the total power generation in India, identify the correct sequence of energy sources - Thermal Power Plants (TPP), Large Hydropower Projects (LHP), Nuclear Energy (NE) and Renewable Energy (RE) which includes solar energy, wind energy, biomass and small hydropower projects.
A
TPP > RE > LHP > NE
B
TPP > LHP > RE > NE
C
LHP > TPP > RE > NE
D
LHP > TPP > NE > RE
       Environment       Energy-Sources
Question 45
Which of the following is considered as major source of pollution in rivers of India ?
A
Unregulated small scale industry
B
Untreated sewage
C
Agricultural run-off
D
Thermal power plants
       Environment       Environment
Question 46
India has the largest Higher Education System in the World after :
(a) The United States of America
(b) Australia
(c) China
(d) United Kingdom (U.K.)
A
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
B
(a), (b) and (c) only
C
(a), (c) and (d) only
D
(a) and (c) only
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Higher-Education-System
Question 47
Prime Minister Research Fellowship is for students pursuing Ph.D programme in :
A
State and Central Universities
B
Central Universities, IISc, IITs, NITs, IISERs and IIITs
C
IISc, IITs, NITs, IISERs, IIITs, State and Central Universities
D
IITs and IISc
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       PMRF
Question 48
Leader of the Opposition is a member of committees which select :
(a) the Central Information Commissioner
(b) the Central Vigilance Commissioner
(c) the Chairperson of National Human Rights Commission
(d) the Chairperson of National Commission for Women
A
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
B
(a), (b) and (c) only
C
(a), (c) and (d) only
D
(a), (b) and (d) only
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Politics
Question 49
Which of the following statements are correct about gender budgeting ?
(a) It is a separate budget addressing the specific needs of women.
(b) It assesses the impact of government budget on women.
(c) It is an accounting exercise.
(d) It is another budgeting innovation.
A
(b) and (d) only
B
(a) and (d) only
C
(a), (c) and (d) only
D
(b), (c) and (d) only
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Budgeting
Question 50
Which of the following are the barriers to citizen-centric administration in India ?
(a) Wooden and inflexible attitude of the civil servants
(b) Ineffective implementation of laws and rules
(c) Awareness of rights and duties of citizens
(d) Lack of job opportunities for the youth
A
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
B
(a), (b) and (c) only
C
(a), (b) and (d) only
D
(a) and (b) only
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Politics
There are 50 questions to complete.
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