## Reasearch Aptitude

 Question 1
Match List I with List II:
List I List II
(Scales of measurement) (Description of properties)
a)Nominal (I) Classification and order
b)Ordinal (II) Classification
c)Interval (III) Classification, order and equal units
d)Ratio (IV) Classification order, equal units and Absolute Zero
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A (A)-(IV), (B)-(III), (C)-(II), (D)-(I) B (A)-(II), (B)-(I), (C)-(III), (D)-(IV) C (A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(IV), (D)-(III) D (A)-(III), (B)-(IV), (C)-(I), (D)-(II)
Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Scales-Measurements       UGC NET November 2020 Paper-1
 Question 2
Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): In order to bridge the gap between theory and practice both fundamental and applied research formats have to be promoted.
Reason (R): Fundamental research focuses on theory making and applied research is directed at exploring the applicability of theory in varied practical situations.
In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
 A Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A) B Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A) C (A) is correct but (R) is not correct D (A) is not correct but (R) is correct
Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Research       UGC NET November 2020 Paper-1
 Question 3
Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Qualitative research is an umbrella term to refer to various research strategies that share certain characteristics. The data collected have been termed ‘soft’ i.e. rich in description.
Statement II: Qualitative research is mainly hypothesis deductive and employs mostly statiscal techniques for data analysis.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A Both Statement I and Statement II are true B Both Statement I and Statement II are false C Statement I is correct but Statement II is false D Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is true
Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Research       UGC NET November 2020 Paper-1
 Question 4
In which of the following, there is a greater flexibility in both the methods and process of research?
 A Ethnography and phenomenology B Descriptive survey and impact studies C Experimental and observation based studies D Ex Post facto and historical studies
Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Research       UGC NET November 2020 Paper-1
 Question 5
In conducting an empirical study, a researcher employs a non-parametric test for data analysis and finds the ‘statistics’ arrived at is ‘significant’ at .05 level. What decisions will be warranted thereafter?
A) Rejecting the Null hypothesis (H0)
B) Accepting the Null hypothesis (H0)
C) Accepting the alternative hypothesis (H1)
D) Keeping the decision in abeyance
E) Rejecting the alternative hypothesis (H1)
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A (A) and (B) only B (B) and (C) only C (D) only D (A) and (C) only
Reasearch Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       UGC NET November 2020 Paper-1
 Question 6
Which of the following are non-probability sampling methods?
A) Cluster sampling
B) Judgemental sampling
C) Systematic sampling
D) Snowball sampling
E) Quota sampling
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A (A), (B) and (C) only B (B), (D) and (E) only C (B), (C) and (D) only D (C), (D) and (E) only
Reasearch Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       UGC NET November 2020 Paper-1
Question 6 Explanation:
Nonprobability Sampling:
1. Convenient Sampling
2. Judgment Sampling or Purposive Sampling
3. Quota Sampling
4. Snowball Sampling
Probability Sampling:
1. Simple or Unrestricted Random Sampling
2. Systematic Sampling
3. Stratified Sampling
4. Cluster Sampling
There are 6 questions to complete.

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