verbal

 Question 1
Consider the following sentences:
(i) Everybody in the class is prepared for the exam.
(ii) Babu invited Danish to his home because he enjoys playing chess.
Which of the following is the CORRECT observation about the above two sentences?
 A (i) is grammatically incorrect and (ii) is ambiguous B (i) is grammatically correct and (ii) is ambiguous C (i) is grammatically correct and (ii) is unambiguous D (i) is grammatically incorrect and (ii) is unambiguous
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2021 CS-Set-1       Video-Explanation
Question 1 Explanation:
i) Everybody in the class is prepared for the exam This is grammatically correct statement
ii). Babu invited Danish to his home because he enjoys playing chess.
This statement is ambiguous as there is no guarantee that Danish knows playing chess.
 Question 2

Ten friends planned to share equally the cost of buying a gift for their teacher. When two of them decided not to contribute, each of the other friends had to pay Rs 150 more. The cost of the gift was Rs. _____.

 A 12000 B 666 C 3000 D 6000
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019       Video-Explanation
Question 2 Explanation:
Total no. of friends = 10
When two people are not going to contribute then remaining friends have to pay Rs 150 more.
Two friends contribution = 150 × 8 = 1200
One friend contribution = 600
Ten friends contribution = 6000
Cost of the Gift = 6000

Out of ten members two members are not able to pay their share.
So, two members amount was paid by remaining eight members.
Then the eight members has to pay 150 more, which is 150*8= 1200( two persons share).
One person share= 1200/2=600.
Ten members share= 600*10= 6000.
 Question 3

The expenditure on the project _____ as follows; equipment Rs.20 lakhs, salaries Rs.12 lakhs, and contingency Rs.3 lakhs.

 A break down B break C breaks down D breaks
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019       Video-Explanation
Question 3 Explanation:
Breaks down means separated (or) classify the thing into smaller parts.
 Question 4

The search engine's business model _____ around the fulcrum of trust.

 A bursts B revolves C sinks D plays
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019       Video-Explanation
Question 4 Explanation:
Revolves: Treat as the most important element.
 Question 5

A court is to a judge as _____ is to a teacher.

 A a syllabus B a student C a punishment D a school
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019       Video-Explanation
Question 5 Explanation:
A court is to a judge as a school is to a teacher.
 Question 6

The police arrested four criminals - P, Q, R and S. The criminals knew each other. They made the following statements:

P says "Q committed the crime."
Q says "S committed the crime."
R says "I did not do it."
S says "What Q said about me is false."

Assume only one of the arrested four committed the crime and only one of the statements made above is true. Who committed the crime?

 A P B Q C R D S
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019       Video-Explanation
Question 6 Explanation:
⇒ I true: 'Q' is Criminal
II, III, IV are false.
II is false: 'S' is not criminal.
IV is also false: 'S' committed crime.
There is conflict among I, IV now as P, S both should be criminals.
⇒ II true: 'S' is criminal.
I, III, IV are false.
IV is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
III is false. So. 'R' is criminal.
There is conflict among II, III as S, R both should be criminal.
III is true: Criminal ≠ R.
I, II, IV are false.
I is false. So, 'Q' is also not criminal.
II is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
IV is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
Q, R, S are not criminals. So, 'P' is criminal.
IV is true: I, II, III are false.
II is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
IV is true. So, 'S' is criminal.
I is false. So, 'Q' is not criminal.
III is false. So, 'R' is criminal.
There is conflict, as R, S both should be criminals.
 Question 7

"A recent High Court judgement has sought to dispel the idea of begging as a disease — which leads to its stigmatization and criminalization — and to regard it as a symptom. The underlying disease is the failure of the state to protect citizens who fall through the social security net."

Which of the following statements can be inferred from the given passage?

 A Beggars are created because of the lack of social welfare schemes B Beggars are lazy people who beg because they are unwilling to work C Begging is an offence that has to be dealt with firmly D Begging has to be banned because it adversely affects the welfare of the state
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019       Video-Explanation
Question 7 Explanation:
Beggars are created because of the lack of social welfare scheme.
The court is judged that because of failure of the state to protect citizens through social security schemes beggars are created.
 Question 8

“From where are they bringing their books? __________ bringing __________ books from __________.”

The words that best fill the blanks in the above sentence are

 A Their, they’re, there B They’re, their, there C There, their, they’re D They’re, there, there
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2018       Video-Explanation
Question 8 Explanation:
 Question 9

"A _______ investigation can sometimes yield new facts, but typically organized ones are more successful."

The word that best fills the blank in the above sentence is

 A meandering B timely C consistent D systematic
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2018       Video-Explanation
Question 9 Explanation:
Meandering means "Proceeding in a convoluted way (or) undirected fashion".
 Question 10

After RajendraChola returned from his voyage to Indonesia, he _________ to visit the temple in Thanjavur.

 A was wishing B is wishing C wished D had wished
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 10 Explanation:
When the main clause is in the past or past perfect tense, the subordinate clause must be in the past or past perfect tense.
After Rajendrachola returned from his voyage to Indonesia, he wished to visit the temple in Tanjavur.
 Question 11

Research in the workplace reveals that people work for many reason __________.

 A money beside B beside money C money besides D besides money
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 11 Explanation:
Besides is an adverb (or) preposition and it is a preposition it means in addition to apart from as an adverb it means furthermore (or) as well.
Here we are using besides preposition "in addition to".
 Question 12

“The hold of the nationalist imagination on our colonial past is such that anything inadequately or improperly nationalist is just not history.”

Which of the following statements best reflects the author’s opinion?

 A Nationalists are highly imaginative. B History is viewed through the filter of nationalism. C Our colonial past never happened. D Nationalism has to be both adequately and properly imagined.
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 12 Explanation:
The author is explaining about the colonial past.
That represents the history of nationalism.
 Question 13

Choose the option with words that are not synonyms.

 A aversion, dislike B luminous, radiant C plunder, loot D yielding, resistant
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017 [Set-2]       Video-Explanation
Question 13 Explanation:
Yielding means produce (or) provide (a natural, agricultural or industrial product).
Resistant means offering a resistance to something or someone.
 Question 14

Saturn is __________ to be seen on a clear night with the naked eye.

 A enough bright B bright enough C as enough bright D bright as enough
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017 [Set-2]       Video-Explanation
Question 14 Explanation:
In this question enough is used with bright, where bright is an adjective.
So, here we use bright enough to complete the sentence.
 Question 15

“We lived in a culture that denied any merit to literary works, considering them important only when they are handmaidens to something seemingly more urgent – namely ideology. This was a country where all gestures, even the most private, were interpreted in political terms.”

The author’s belief that ideology is not as important as literature is revealed by the word:

 A ‘culture’ B ‘seemingly’ C ‘urgent’ D ‘political’
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017 [Set-2]       Video-Explanation
Question 15 Explanation:
Seemingly means that "according to the facts as one knows them" as far as one knows.
(or)
As to give the impression of having a certain quality.
 Question 16

Out of the following four sentences, select the most suitable sentence with respect to grammar and usage.

 A I will not leave the place until the minister does not meet me. B I will not leave the place until the minister doesn’t meet me. C I will not leave the place until the minister meet me. D I will not leave the place until the minister meets me.
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 16 Explanation:
In option A and B, 'not' is already embedded until so both are incorrect.
Minister is a singular person, with a singular object, so verb ends with 's'. So option C is incorrect.
Option 'D' is correct.
 Question 17

A rewording of something written or spoken is a ______________.

Aptitude       verbal       GATE 2016 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 17 Explanation:
Paraphrase means that "express the meaning of (something written or spoken) using different words.
 Question 18

Archimedes said, “Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I will move the world.”

The sentence above is an example of a ___________ statement.

 A figurative B collateral C literal D figurine
Aptitude       verbal       GATE 2016 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 18 Explanation:
Figurative means that "departing from a literal use of words"; Metaphorical.
The use of the metaphorical words to explain about the thoughts instead of literal use of them.
 Question 19

If ‘relftaga’ means carefree, ‘otaga’ means careful and ‘fertaga’ means careless, which of the following could mean ‘aftercare’?

 A zentaga B tagafer C tagazen D relffer
Aptitude       verbal       GATE 2016 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 19 Explanation:
relftaga - carefree → (1)
otaga - careful → (2)
fertaga - careless → (3)
From (1) & (2),
taga = care (and it is in the first half of the word)
From (3),
fer = less
Aftercare - tagazen
Care is in the second half of the word ⇒ taga should be in the first half.
 Question 20

Indian currency notes show the denomination indicated in at least seventeen languages. If this is not an indication of the nation’s diversity, nothing else is.

Which of the following can be logically inferred from the above sentences?

 A India is a country of exactly seventeen languages. B Linguistic pluralism is the only indicator of a nation’s diversity. C Linguistic pluralism is the only indicator of a nation’s diversity. D Linguistic pluralism is strong evidence of India’s diversity.
Aptitude       verbal       GATE 2016 [Set-1]       Video-Explanation
Question 20 Explanation:
Which is inferred from the statement.
Option A, B, C are incorrect which are not properly inferred from the statement.
 Question 21

The man who is now Municipal Commissioner worked as _______________.

 A the security guard at a university B a security guard at the university C a security guard at university D the security guard at the university
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 [Set-2]       Video-Explanation
Question 21 Explanation:
Security guard is a general post, so we use the artical 'a' before the security.
And coming to university it is an organization.
So we use are 'the' before university.
 Question 22

Nobody knows how the Indian cricket team is going to cope with the difficult and seamer-friendly wickets in Australia.

Choose the option which is closest in meaning to the underlined phrase in the above sentence.

 A put up with B put in with C put down to D put up against
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 [Set-2]       Video-Explanation
Question 22 Explanation:
"Put up with" is means that "tolerate" which is the closest meaning of "cope with".
→ Cope with is doesn't means that put someone into competition with some other.
There are 22 questions to complete.

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