ComputerOrganization
October 5, 2023ComputerOrganization
October 5, 2023ComputerOrganization
Question 488 
The circumference of the two concentric disks are divided into 100 sections each. For the outer disk, 100 of the sections are painted red and 100 of the sections are painted blue.For the inner disk, the sections are painted red and blue in an arbitrary manner. It is possible to align the two disks so that____of the sections on the inner disks have their colours matched with the corresponding section on outer disk.
100 or more  
125 or more  
150 or more  
175 or more

Question 488 Explanation:
→ We fix the larger disk first, then place the smaller disk on the top of the larger disk so that the centers and sectors coincide. There are 200 ways to place the smaller disk in such a manner.
→ For each such alignment, some sectors of the two disks may have the same color. Since each sector of the smaller disk will match the same color sector of the larger disk 100 times among all the 200 ways and there are 200 sectors in the smaller disk, the total number of matched color sectors among the 200 ways is 100 × 200 = 20,000.
→ Note that there are only 200 ways. Then there is at least one way that the number of matched color sectors is 20,000 / 200 = 100 or more.
→ For each such alignment, some sectors of the two disks may have the same color. Since each sector of the smaller disk will match the same color sector of the larger disk 100 times among all the 200 ways and there are 200 sectors in the smaller disk, the total number of matched color sectors among the 200 ways is 100 × 200 = 20,000.
→ Note that there are only 200 ways. Then there is at least one way that the number of matched color sectors is 20,000 / 200 = 100 or more.
Correct Answer: A
Question 488 Explanation:
→ We fix the larger disk first, then place the smaller disk on the top of the larger disk so that the centers and sectors coincide. There are 200 ways to place the smaller disk in such a manner.
→ For each such alignment, some sectors of the two disks may have the same color. Since each sector of the smaller disk will match the same color sector of the larger disk 100 times among all the 200 ways and there are 200 sectors in the smaller disk, the total number of matched color sectors among the 200 ways is 100 × 200 = 20,000.
→ Note that there are only 200 ways. Then there is at least one way that the number of matched color sectors is 20,000 / 200 = 100 or more.
→ For each such alignment, some sectors of the two disks may have the same color. Since each sector of the smaller disk will match the same color sector of the larger disk 100 times among all the 200 ways and there are 200 sectors in the smaller disk, the total number of matched color sectors among the 200 ways is 100 × 200 = 20,000.
→ Note that there are only 200 ways. Then there is at least one way that the number of matched color sectors is 20,000 / 200 = 100 or more.
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