CIL Part - A

Question 1
Who among the following won the Dronacharya Award in Gymnastics for the year 2016?
A
Bishweshwar Nandi
B
Lalita Babar
C
Deepa Karmakar
D
Rajendra Pralhad Shelke
Question 2
What type of Energy does “a batsman hitting a ball” use ?
A
Gravitational Energy
B
Frictional Energy
C
Kinetic Energy
D
Potential Energy
Question 3
Which of the following is NOT an example of Biomass Material?
A
Wood
B
Animal Waste
C
Garbage
D
Coal
Question 4
Who has been awarded the 2016 IAAF World Athlete of the year Award in male category for sixth time?
A
Michael Phelps
B
Patrik Sjöberg
C
Usain Bolt
D
Andre De Grasse
Question 5
Mr. Reddy is running for the Vice-President’s post. Which of the following qualities of Mr. Reddy make him an ineligible candidate to contest election for the post of Vice-President of India?
A
Mr. Reddy is qualified for election as a member of the Council of States.
B
Mr. Reddy has completed the age of thirty-five years.
C
Mr. Reddy is the District Commissioner of Guntur, which is an office of profit under the Government of Andhra Pradesh.
D
Mr. Reddy is a citizen of India.
Question 6
Who became the first woman to win the Jnanpith Award in 1976 for her 1965-novel Prathan Pratisruti (The First Promise)?___________________
A
Amrita Pritam
B
Mahasweta Devi
C
Lily Ray
D
Ashapoorna Devi
Question 7
Who is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Wipro Group?
A
Rishad Premji
B
Azim H. Premji
C
Vishal Sikka
D
Abidali Z. Neemuchwala
Question 8
A physical balance is an example of :
A
Composite Machine
B
Inclined Plane
C
Lever
D
Wedge
Question 9
____ has the largest coal reserves in India.
A
Odisha
B
West Bengal
C
Jharkhand
D
Chhattisgarh
Question 10
Which of the following does the 7th Schedule of the Constitution of India Comprise? i) State List ii) Union List iiI) Concurrent List
A
All (i),(ii) and (iii)
B
Both (i) and (ii)
C
Only (i)
D
Both (ii) and (iii)
Question 11
Who is the current Speaker of Lok Sabha?
A
Meira Kumar
B
S. M. Krishna
C
Sumita Mahajan
D
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Question 12
Whom did Chandragupta Maurya overthrow to take over the reins of the Magadha Empire?
A
Ajatshatru
B
Dhana Nanda
C
Bimbisara
D
Mahapadma Nanda
Question 13
Which country is the world leader in the population of bovine animals?
A
India
B
USA
C
Denmark
D
Spain
Question 14
Asia's first and longest cycle highway runs between:
A
Mumbai and Pune in Maharashtra
B
Etawah and Agra in Utter Pradesh
C
Hyderabad and Secundrebad in Telengana
D
Bengaluru and Mysuru in Karnataka
Question 15
Which of the following countries first invented the idea of "Gross National Happiness" to use happiness as a measure of Good governance?
A
Great Britain
B
Taiwan
C
Norway
D
Bhutan
Question 16
Who wrote the medieval-era epic poem “Padmavat”?
A
Mulla Daud
B
Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak
C
Malik Muhammad "Jayasi"
D
Amir Khusro
Question 17
What does IDBI in IDBI Bank stand for?
A
Investment Development Board of India
B
Industrial Development Bank of India
C
Infrastructure and Development Board of India
D
Industrial Divestment Board of India
Question 18
Which film won the 70th British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA Award in the Best Special Visual Effects category
A
Manchester by the Sea
B
Lion
C
The Jungle Book
D
LaLa Land
Question 19
Which statement about the Gobi Desert is NOT correct?
A
Gobi is a cold desert.
B
Gobi desert is the most expansive arid region in Asia.
C
Most of Gobi's rain is blocked by the Himalayas.
D
Most of Gobi's rain is blocked by the Himalayas.
Question 20
What does RAM in a computer stands for?
A
Random Access Memory
B
Rapid Action Machine
C
Random Application Mapping
D
Rapid Applied Memory
Question 21
Whom among the following stepped down as the Chariman of International Cricket Council (ICC) on 15th March 2017?
A
Zaheer Abbas
B
David Richardson
C
Shasank Manohar
D
N. Srinivasan
Question 22
Which of the following Governor Generals of India eamed the title , “Maker of the Modern India”?
A
Lord Dalhousie
B
Lord Bentick
C
Lord Canning
D
Lord Mountbatten
Question 23
Who is the chief Justice of India as of February 2017?
A
Justice T. S. Thakur
B
Justice C. S. Karnan
C
Justice H. L. Dattu
D
Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar
Question 24
Who won the Men's Final Australian Open Championship 2017?
A
Stanislas Wawrinka
B
Novak Djokovic
C
Roger Federer
D
Rafael Nadal
Question 25
All executive action of the Government of India is taken in the name of the___________
A
Speaker of Lok Sabha
B
President of India
C
Prime Minister of India
D
Vice President of India
Question 26
Mr. Shiva invested equal amount of money in two private finus which gives 15% simple interest per annum for 3.5 years and 5 years respectively If the difference in their interests is Rs. 270. The amount invested by Mr. Shiva is:
A
Rs. 1500
B
Rs. 1200
C
Rs. 1250
D
Rs 1205
Question 27
Pipe A can fill the tank 2 times fast then pipe B. If pipe A and B together fill the end in 24 minutes, then pipe B alone can fill the tank in:
A
75 minutes
B
70 minutes
C
72 minutes
D
71 minutes
Question 28
A
x = -1
B
x=0
C
x=1
D
x=-2
Question 29
A Flight has to travel between 2 cities A and B, 3000 kam apart. The flight was slowed down due to bad weather. Its average speed for the trip reduced by 200 km/hr and the time of flight increased by 30 min. The duration of the flight with original speed is:
A
2.6 hrs
B
2.75 hrs
C
2.25 hrs
D
2.5 hrs
Question 30
A train 130 meters long travelling at 36 km/hr crosses the bridge in 30 sec. Then the length of the bridge is:
A
196 meters
B
170 meters
C
125 meters
D
175 meters
Question 31
If two is added to the denominator of a rational munber it becomes ⅓ and if 4 is added to the numerator it becomes ½ . Then the sum of the numerator and the denominator of the rational number is:
A
-38
B
38
C
-18
D
18
Question 32
Ms. Shivangi invests Rs. 4000 for six months at 20% per annum compounded quarterly. The total amount she gets after 6 months is:
A
Rs. 4401
B
Rs. 4410
C
Rs. 4411
D
Rs. 4440
Question 33
For a positive integer n, 36n- 63n is divisible by:
A
3
B
513
C
500
D
6
Question 34
Due to economic surges the price of eggs reduced to 40%. This enabled a woman to buy 64 more eggs for $50. Then the reduced price per dozen is:
A
$3.5
B
$3.75
C
$3.25
D
$4
Question 35
If x1 and x2 are the roots of the equation x2+2x-15 =0 then the quadratic equation which has the roots 1/x1 and 1/x2 is :
A
-15x2-2x-1 = 0
B
15x2-2x-1 = 0
C
15x2-2x+1 = 0
D
15x2+2x-1 = 0
Question 36
The curved surface area of a hemisphere is 8cm2, then its radius is:
A
1 cm
B
3 cm
C
2.5 cm
D
2 cm
Question 37
If the three sides of the triangle are given as 32 cm, 33 cm and 34 cm then the area of the triangle is:
A
500 cm2
B
480 cm2
C
450 cm2
D
475 cm2
Question 38
If the sum of 2 numbers is 175, their LCM is 300 and HCF is 25, then the difference between 2 numbers is :
A
10
B
25
C
20
D
15
Question 39
The total number of odd factors of 25*33*52 is :
A
12
B
10
C
6
D
15
Question 40
Mr. Vijay rows a boat with the stream in 8km/hr and against the stream in 4 km/hr. In still water, his rate of rowing in km/hr is:
A
1
B
3
C
4
D
2
Question 41
If y exceeds x by 10% then x is less than y by what percent ?
A
9 (1/12)
B
9 (1/13)
C
9 (1/14)
D
9 (1/11)
Question 42
In a chemistry lab two beakers A and B contain 62% and 84% of spirit respectively. If two liters from A is mixed with 4 liters of B, the ratio of spirit and water in the resulting mixture is:
A
58 :19
B
17 :19
C
23 :7
D
17 :21
Question 43
If -5x1 and -1y5, then the minimum value of 2y-3x is :
A
-5
B
-9
C
-8
D
-10
Question 44
The number of terms in the sequence 20, 25, 30,..........,150 is:
A
23
B
22
C
27
D
26
Question 45
An army post with 1800 men has provision of food for 50 days. After 10 days, some of the men go back to the base camp due to injuries. The remaining food is now enough for the next 50 days for the remaining men. What is the number of men who went back the base camp?
A
350 Men
B
360 Men
C
250 Men
D
310 Men
Question 46
The numbers of terms in the sequence 5, 20, 80, 320,......... 81920 is:
A
6
B
7
C
9
D
8
Question 47
Mr. Deep divides Rs. 1833 such that 4 times the 1st share , thrice the 2nd share and twice the third share amount to the same. Then the value of the 2nd share is :
A
Rs. 546
B
Rs. 564
C
Rs. 560
D
Rs. 654
Question 48
A can finish the work in 25 days and B in 25 days . They both work together for 5 days and then B leaves. How many days will A take to complete the remaining work?
A
18 days
B
20 days
C
17 days
D
15 days
Question 49
In a bio gas plant the population of yeast bacteria increases at a rate of 9% per annum, but there is an additional annual increase of 1% in population due to various other inputs in the system. The percentage increase in the yeast population after 2yr is:
A
20%
B
21%
C
25%
D
22%
Question 50
The average of 7 numbers is 29. The average of first three of them is 23 and the last three of them is 42. Then the fourth number is:
A
8
B
9
C
10
D
12
Question 51
Select the one which is different from other three.
A
GHST
B
EVFU
C
KPLO
D
IRJQ
Question 52
What is related to 'Courage' in the same way as 'Kindness' is related to 'Cruelty'?
A
Cowardice
B
Bravery
C
Fear
D
Valour
Question 53
In a certain code language CARPET is writen as FDUSHW. How will MOTHER be coded in that code language?
A
PRWHUK
B
PRWKHU
C
OPUIFS
D
REHTOM
Question 54
Four sets of three statements each are given below. Take these statements to be true even if they look factually absurd. Select one alternative which third statement is implied by the first two statements.
A
All tables are chairs. All cupboards are tables. So, all chairs are cupboards.
B
All J's are K's. All K's are M's. So, all M's are J's.
C
All apples are red. All bananas ore apples. So, all bananas are red.
D
All locks are keys. Some ball are keys. So, all locks are balls.
Question 55

How many triangles are there in the following figure?


A
20
B
28
C
24
D
12
Question 56
Choose the correct alternative that will complete the given number series, 9, 17, 31, 57, ?, 205
A
107
B
102
C
104
D
109
Question 57
Find the odd number pair from the given alternative.
A
46-10
B
42-33
C
25 — 43
D
12—91
Question 58
Find missing number from the given alternatives.

A
42
B
43
C
41
D
45
Question 59
Which of the answer figure is exactly the mirror is held on the line X Y?

A
B
C
D
Question 60
'R' is the paternal uncle of 'P'. who is the daughter of and 'N' is the daughter-in-law of 'M'. How is 'R' related to
A
Brother
B
Cousin
C
Son-in-law
D
Son
Question 61
Mother's age is twice her daughter 's age. The son is older than daughter by one year and father is five years older than mother. If son has completed 18 years, find father's age.
A
40 years
B
39 years
C
41 years
D
42 years
Question 62
Select the Related number from the given alternatives, 23 : 34:: 47: ?
A
72
B
65
C
62
D
69
Question 63
Three positions of a cube ate shown below. Which number will be opposite to the face containing 3?

A
1
B
4
C
6
D
5
Question 64
If '+' means 'x', '-'means '÷' , 'x' means '-' and '÷' means '+', then what will be the value of 16÷3 — 6 x 2 + 3 — ?
A
26
B
20
C
16
D
14
Question 65
In a row of boys, Vivek stands thirteenth from the left and Ravi is thirteenth from the right. If they interchange their places. Ravi would be eighteenth from the right. How many boys are there in the row
A
29
B
31
C
30
D
32
Question 66
From the given alternatives select the word which cannot be formed using the letters of the given word. ORGANISATION
A
GRANT
B
REASON
C
ORGAN
D
STRONG
Question 67
In the given letter series, which one set of letters when sequentially placed in the gaps shall complete it? p_n n m_p m n_m p_m n_m p
A
n p m p n
B
m p n p n
C
m n p n p
D
n m n p p
Question 68
Shyam walked 20 metres towards south. Then he turned to his left and walked 15 metres. He again turned to his left and walked 20 metres. He then turned to his right and walked 10 metre. How far and in which direction is Shyam from the starting point?
A
35 Metres, East
B
25 Metres, East
C
35 Metres, West
D
25 Metres, North
Question 69
Identify the diagram that best represents the relationship among classes given below. Boys , Students, Athletes
A
B
C
D
Question 70
Seven friends — A. B. C. D, E. F and G are sitting in a circle facing at the centre. 'E' is neighbor of A and D. 'G' is not between 'F' and 'C'. 'F is to the immediate right of 'A'. Who is silting to the right of 'G'?
A
C
B
F
C
D
D
A
Question 71
Alok is older than Malvika. Gyan is older than Malvika but younger than Alok. Kamal is younger than Rashmi and Malvika. Malvika is older than Rashmi. whose age is exactly in the middle of the five?
A
Gyan
B
Malvika
C
Alok
D
Rashmi
Question 72
Select the figure from the alternatives which will complete the pattern in given question figure.

A
B
C
D
Question 73
Identify the word which belongs to the class of given words. Grams, Kilograms, Quintal
A
Yard
B
Tonnes
C
Litre
D
Kilometer
Question 74
Some equations ale solved on the basis of a certain system. Find the correct value for '?' on that basis. 8 * 6 = 28 11 * 5=96 15 * 7 = ?
A
208
B
105
C
147
D
176
Question 75
Select the related letter from the given alternatives. CXFU : AZBY :: GTNM : ?
A
EVJQ
B
RIIP
C
IRRD
D
EROP
Question 76
In the following sentence, four words or phrases have been underlined. One of them is incorrect. Select the INCORRECT word or phrase from the given options. You can be exempted from games only while you produce a medical certificate.
A
Only while
B
Produce
C
From
D
Can be
Question 77
Select the word that best expresses the meaning of the given word. COMPLIMENT
A
Agree
B
Admire
C
Please
D
Criticize
Question 78
Select the ANTONYM of the given word. PRECIOUS
A
Valued
B
Worthless
C
Loved
D
Costly
Question 79
Select the word that is spelt INCORRECTLY.
A
favaur
B
fauna
C
faucet
D
fault
Question 80
Select the phrase that best expresses the meaning of the underlined word. I am grateful to my teacher who persistently scolded me for poor spelling.
A
pulled me through
B
pulled me up
C
pulled me out
D
pulled me off
Question 81
Select the option that completes the sentence CORRECTLY. My cousin felt annoyed with_____ when he saw what had happened due to his ignorance.
A
himself
B
oneself
C
myself
D
itself
Question 82
Select the phrase that best expresses the meaning of the underline word. It was a serious offence but he was allowed to go with a warning.
A
let down
B
let off
C
let out
D
let aside
Question 83
Find the appropriate meaning of the underlined idiom. A true friend will stand by you through thick and thin.
A
at the last moment
B
in difficult times
C
under all circumstances
D
during summer time
Question 84
Select the option that completes the sentence CORRECTLY Next week I____________to visit my cousin.
A
will intend
B
intended
C
intending
D
intend
Question 85
Select the word that is spelt INCORRECTLY.
A
Excel
B
Excess
C
Access
D
Expell
Question 86
Select the ANTONYM of the given word. STRAIGHT
A
Weak
B
Long
C
Crooked
D
Short
Question 87
Select the option that completes the sentence CORRECTLY. If you have any queries to raise__________ please let me know now.
A
about
B
up
C
no word required
D
along
Question 88
Select the word that best expresses the meaning of the given word. CONCEAL
A
Deceive
B
Hide
C
Free
D
Detest
Question 89
Select the word that best expresses the meaning of the given word. TRANQUIL
A
Calm
B
Silent
C
Active
D
Tired
Question 90
Select the ANTONYM of the given word. DESPAIR
A
Detest
B
Abandon
C
Reject
D
Hope
Question 91
In the following sentence, four words or phrases have been underlined. One of them is incorrect. Select the INCORRECT word or phrases from the given options. A time came when Gautam Buddha began to feel weary with the luxuries surrounding him.
A
Came
B
When
C
Began to
D
with
Question 92
Select the word that is spelt INCORRECTLY.
A
Moltan
B
Molecule
C
Moist
D
molest
Question 93
Select the option that completes the sentence CORRECTLY. I don’t think you will have ____________ difficulty in obtaining your driving license.
A
Some
B
A great deal
C
Many
D
Any
Question 94
In the following sentence, four words or phrases have been underlined. One of them is incorrect. Select the INCORRECT word or phrase from the given options. This is one of the five books that was launched yesterday at the Vigyan Bhawan.
A
One of the
B
This
C
That was
D
at
Question 95
In the following sentence, four words or phrases have been underlined. One of them is incorrect. Select the INCORRECT word or phrase from the given options. If Antarctica has a very cold climate a variety of sea birds is found there
A
Has
B
A Variety
C
Is found
D
if
Question 96
COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: Read the following passage and answer the given questions. A desert is basically a wilderness or a wasteland. There is little moisture and poor soil such as sand gravel or rock. There are few plants to offer shade. Deserts can be described as harsh places. Many are burning hot by day and cold by night. Every continent has deserts. Much of the western United States is a desert. A desert region called The Outback covers Central Australia. The southern tip of South America is largely desert. Northern Africa is covered by the Sahara, a desert as big as the mainland United States. The Arabian Peninsula. between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, is almost entirely desert. A large part of central Asia, from China to the Caspian Sea, is mostly desert. Deserts coyer 1/8 of our planet. The popular belief is that a desert is dry. hot, waterless and without shelter. But this is not entirely correct. For those who have studied it. the desert can be a beautiful place. It is home to a variety of people. animals and plants that have learnt to live under hot and dry conditions. A desert is not always a flat, unchanging wasteland of dry sand. It may have mountains and hills. It may have an oasis. big or small. An oasis is like a green island in the middle of a desert where a spring of a well gives plants and trees a better chance to grow. All living things need water in order to survive. The few plants and animals that live in deserts have developed the ability to require less water than most plants and animals. Desert plants have adapted to heat and dryness of the desert. Plants such as cacti have special means of storing and conserving water. They often have few or no leaves. Some plants have gotten used to arid environments by growing extremely long roots, allowing them to acquire moisture at or by the water table. The desert animals also have found a way to solve the heat and water problems the dessert environment creates. Camels can drink a lot of water at one time. They can live without water for days together. The reason is they sweat very little. We sweat because we must keep our body temperature constant. We sweat when it gets hot. and this cools the body. Camels can stand a high body temperature. They don't need to sweat and can therefore retain the water they drink for long periods of time. *What is the popular belief about the climatic conditions of a desert?
A
It is a region surrounded by mountains and hills.
B
It is sandy where no rain falls and no vegetation grow.
C
It has vast land which is used for cultivation of flowers
D
A variety of animals and plants live there.
Question 97
Read the following passage and answer the given questions. A desert is basically a wilderness or a wasteland. There is little moisture and poor soil such as sand gravel or rock. There are few plants to offer shade. Deserts can be described as harsh places. Many are burning hot by day and cold by night. Every continent has deserts. Much of the western United States is a desert. A desert region called The Outback covers Central Australia. The southern tip of South America is largely desert. Northern Africa is covered by the Sahara, a desert as big as the mainland United States. The Arabian Peninsula. between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, is almost entirely desert. A large part of central Asia, from China to the Caspian Sea, is mostly desert. Deserts coyer 1/8 of our planet. The popular belief is that a desert is dry. hot, waterless and without shelter. But this is not entirely correct. For those who have studied it. the desert can be a beautiful place. It is home to a variety of people. animals and plants that have learnt to live under hot and dry conditions. A desert is not always a flat, unchanging wasteland of dry sand. It may have mountains and hills. It may have an oasis. big or small. An oasis is like a green island in the middle of a desert where a spring of a well gives plants and trees a better chance to grow. All living things need water in order to survive. The few plants and animals that live in deserts have developed the ability to require less water than most plants and animals. Desert plants have adapted to heat and dryness of the desert. Plants such as cacti have special means of storing and conserving water. They often have few or no leaves. Some plants have gotten used to arid environments by growing extremely long roots, allowing them to acquire moisture at or by the water table. The desert animals also have found a way to solve the heat and water problems the dessert environment creates. Camels can drink a lot of water at one time. They can live without water for days together. The reason is they sweat very little. We sweat because we must keep our body temperature constant. We sweat when it gets hot. and this cools the body. Camels can stand a high body temperature. They don't need to sweat and can therefore retain the water they drink for long periods of time. *The desert region called ‘ The Outback ‘ is located in :
A
Central Asia
B
South America
C
North America
D
Central Australia
Question 98
Read the following passage and answer the given questions. A desert is basically a wilderness or a wasteland. There is little moisture and poor soil such as sand gravel or rock. There are few plants to offer shade. Deserts can be described as harsh places. Many are burning hot by day and cold by night. Every continent has deserts. Much of the western United States is a desert. A desert region called The Outback covers Central Australia. The southern tip of South America is largely desert. Northern Africa is covered by the Sahara, a desert as big as the mainland United States. The Arabian Peninsula. between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, is almost entirely desert. A large part of central Asia, from China to the Caspian Sea, is mostly desert. Deserts coyer 1/8 of our planet. The popular belief is that a desert is dry. hot, waterless and without shelter. But this is not entirely correct. For those who have studied it. the desert can be a beautiful place. It is home to a variety of people. animals and plants that have learnt to live under hot and dry conditions. A desert is not always a flat, unchanging wasteland of dry sand. It may have mountains and hills. It may have an oasis. big or small. An oasis is like a green island in the middle of a desert where a spring of a well gives plants and trees a better chance to grow. All living things need water in order to survive. The few plants and animals that live in deserts have developed the ability to require less water than most plants and animals. Desert plants have adapted to heat and dryness of the desert. Plants such as cacti have special means of storing and conserving water. They often have few or no leaves. Some plants have gotten used to arid environments by growing extremely long roots, allowing them to acquire moisture at or by the water table. The desert animals also have found a way to solve the heat and water problems the dessert environment creates. Camels can drink a lot of water at one time. They can live without water for days together. The reason is they sweat very little. We sweat because we must keep our body temperature constant. We sweat when it gets hot. and this cools the body. Camels can stand a high body temperature. They don't need to sweat and can therefore retain the water they drink for long periods of time. * Why was an Oasis been Called ‘green’ island?
A
It has a source of water that supports vegetation.
B
It is surrounded by green hills and mountains.
C
The sand here is conductive for the vegetation.
D
It is in the middle of a vast desert.
Question 99
Read the following passage and answer the given questions. A desert is basically a wilderness or a wasteland. There is little moisture and poor soil such as sand gravel or rock. There are few plants to offer shade. Deserts can be described as harsh places. Many are burning hot by day and cold by night. Every continent has deserts. Much of the western United States is a desert. A desert region called The Outback covers Central Australia. The southern tip of South America is largely desert. Northern Africa is covered by the Sahara, a desert as big as the mainland United States. The Arabian Peninsula. between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, is almost entirely desert. A large part of central Asia, from China to the Caspian Sea, is mostly desert. Deserts coyer 1/8 of our planet. The popular belief is that a desert is dry. hot, waterless and without shelter. But this is not entirely correct. For those who have studied it. the desert can be a beautiful place. It is home to a variety of people. animals and plants that have learnt to live under hot and dry conditions. A desert is not always a flat, unchanging wasteland of dry sand. It may have mountains and hills. It may have an oasis. big or small. An oasis is like a green island in the middle of a desert where a spring of a well gives plants and trees a better chance to grow. All living things need water in order to survive. The few plants and animals that live in deserts have developed the ability to require less water than most plants and animals. Desert plants have adapted to heat and dryness of the desert. Plants such as cacti have special means of storing and conserving water. They often have few or no leaves. Some plants have gotten used to arid environments by growing extremely long roots, allowing them to acquire moisture at or by the water table. The desert animals also have found a way to solve the heat and water problems the dessert environment creates. Camels can drink a lot of water at one time. They can live without water for days together. The reason is they sweat very little. We sweat because we must keep our body temperature constant. We sweat when it gets hot. and this cools the body. Camels can stand a high body temperature. They don't need to sweat and can therefore retain the water they drink for long periods of time. * Certain plants are able to survive in deserts because they:
A
Have thick stems and few leaves
B
Require less water than animals
C
Have adapted to survive in hot and dry climate
D
Develop especially long roots
Question 100
Read the following passage and answer the given questions. A desert is basically a wilderness or a wasteland. There is little moisture and poor soil such as sand gravel or rock. There are few plants to offer shade. Deserts can be described as harsh places. Many are burning hot by day and cold by night. Every continent has deserts. Much of the western United States is a desert. A desert region called The Outback covers Central Australia. The southern tip of South America is largely desert. Northern Africa is covered by the Sahara, a desert as big as the mainland United States. The Arabian Peninsula. between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, is almost entirely desert. A large part of central Asia, from China to the Caspian Sea, is mostly desert. Deserts coyer 1/8 of our planet. The popular belief is that a desert is dry. hot, waterless and without shelter. But this is not entirely correct. For those who have studied it. the desert can be a beautiful place. It is home to a variety of people. animals and plants that have learnt to live under hot and dry conditions. A desert is not always a flat, unchanging wasteland of dry sand. It may have mountains and hills. It may have an oasis. big or small. An oasis is like a green island in the middle of a desert where a spring of a well gives plants and trees a better chance to grow. All living things need water in order to survive. The few plants and animals that live in deserts have developed the ability to require less water than most plants and animals. Desert plants have adapted to heat and dryness of the desert. Plants such as cacti have special means of storing and conserving water. They often have few or no leaves. Some plants have gotten used to arid environments by growing extremely long roots, allowing them to acquire moisture at or by the water table. The desert animals also have found a way to solve the heat and water problems the dessert environment creates. Camels can drink a lot of water at one time. They can live without water for days together. The reason is they sweat very little. We sweat because we must keep our body temperature constant. We sweat when it gets hot. and this cools the body. Camels can stand a high body temperature. They don't need to sweat and can therefore retain the water they drink for long periods of time. * Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?
A
The Arabian Peninsula between the Persian Gulf and Caspain Sea is entirely desert.
B
In a desert region there is little moisture and poor soil.
C
Camels can retain water for a long time because they do not sweat.
D
About ⅛ area of the earth is covered by deserts.
There are 100 questions to complete.