Environment

Question 1
Irritation in eyes is caused by the pollutant
A
Sulphur di-oxide
B
Ozone
C
PAN
D
Nitrous oxide
       Environment       Environment       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 2
Which is the source of chlorofluorocarbons ?
A
Thermal power plants
B
Automobiles
C
Refrigeration and Airconditioning
D
Fertilizers
       Environment       Environment       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 3
Which of the following is not a renewable natural resource ?
A
Clean air
B
Fertile soil
C
Fresh water
D
Salt
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 4
Which of the following parameters is not used as a pollution indicator in water ?
A
Total dissolved solids
B
Coliform count
C
Dissolved oxygen
D
Density
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 5
S and P waves are associated with
A
floods
B
wind energy
C
earthquakes
D
tidal energy
       Environment       Earthquake       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 6
Match Lists I and II and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
List – I List – II
(i) Ozone hole (a) Tsunami
(ii) Greenhouse effect (b) UV radiations
(iii) Natural hazards (c) Methane
(iv) Sustainable development (d) Eco-centrism
A
(b) (c) (a) (d)
B
(c) (b) (a) (d)
C
(d) (c) (a) (b)
D
(d) (b) (c) (a)
       Environment       Environment       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 7
The phrase “tragedy of commons” is in the context of
A
tragic even related to damage caused by release of poisonous gases.
B
tragic conditions of poor people.
C
degradation of renewable free access resources.
D
climate change.
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 8
Kyoto Protocol is related to
A
Ozone depletion
B
Hazardous waste
C
Climate change
D
Nuclear energy
       Environment       Kyoto-Protocol       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 9
Which of the following is a source of emissions leading to the eventual formation of surface ozone as a pollutant?
A
Transport sector
B
Refrigeration and Air-conditioning
C
Wetlands
D
Fertilizers
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 10
The smog in cities in Indian mainly consists of
A
Oxides of sulphur
B
Oxides of nitrogen and unburnt hydrocarbons
C
Carbon monoxide and SPM
D
Oxides of sulphur and ozone
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 11
Which of the following types of natural hazards have the highest potential to cause damage to humans?
A
Earthquakes
B
Forest fires
C
Volcanic eruptions
D
Droughts and Floods
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 12
The percentage share of renewable energy sources in the power production in India is around
A
2-3%
B
22-25%
C
10-12%
D
< 1%
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 13
In terms of total CO 2 emissions from a country, identity the correct sequence:
A
U.S.A. > China > India > Russia
B
China > U.S.A. > India > Russia
C
China > U.S.A. > Russia > India
D
U.S.A. > China > Russia > India
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 14
Match List – I and List – II and identify the correct code:
A
i ii iii iv
B
iv iii i ii
C
ii iii iv i
D
iii iv ii i
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 15
Which of the anthropogenic activity accounts for more than 2/3 rd of global water consumption?
A
Agriculture
B
Hydropower generation
C
Industry
D
Domestic and Municipal usage
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 16
One of the anthropogenic sources of gaseous pollutants chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in air is
A
Cement Industry
B
Fertiliser industry
C
Foam industry
D
Pesticide industry
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 17
The cyclone “Hudhud” hit the coast of which State?
A
Andhra Pradesh
B
Karnataka
C
Kerala
D
Gujarat
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 18
Which of the following is not a renewable natural resource?
A
Clean air
B
Fresh water
C
Fertile soil
D
Salt
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 19
Which one of the following continents is at a greater risk of desertification?
A
Africa
B
Asia
C
South America
D
North America
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 20
"Women are closer to nature than men." What kind of perspective is this?
A
Realist
B
Essentialist
C
Feminist
D
Deep ecology
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 21
Which one of the following is not a matter a global concern in the removal of tropical forests?
A
Their ability to absorb the chemicals that contribute to depletion of ozone layer.
B
Their role in maintaining the oxygen and carbon balance of the earth.
C
Their ability to regulate surface and air temperatures, moisture content and reflectivity.
D
Their contribution to the biological diversity of the planet.
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 22
The most comprehensive approach to address the problems of man-environment interaction is one of the following:
A
Natural Resource Conservation Approach
B
Urban-industrial Growth Oriented Approach
C
Rural-agricultural Growth Oriented Approach
D
Watershed Development Approach
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 23
The major source of the pollutant gas, carbon mono-oxide (CO), in urban areas is
A
Thermal power sector
B
Transport sector
C
Industrial sector
D
Domestic sector
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 24
ln a fuel cell driven vehicle, the energy is obtained from the combustion of
A
Methane
B
Hydrogen
C
LPG
D
CNG
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 25
By the year 2022, the Climate Change Action Plan of Government of India aims at installing
A
20,000 MW of wind power
B
25,000 MW of wind power
C
20,000 MW of solar power
D
10,000 MW of solar power
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 26
Which one of the following biosphere reserves has UNESCO recognition ?
A
Manas
B
Kanchenjunga
C
Seshachalam Hills
D
Greater Nicobar
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 27
Which activity contributes to water pollution more than any other throughout world ?
A
Agriculture
B
Hydroelectric power generation
C
Industry
D
Urbanisation
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 28
Match List – I with List – II and find the correct answer from the codes given below :
A
i ii iii iv
B
ii iii iv i
C
iii iv ii i
D
iv iii i ii
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 29
G5 are the five most important emerging economies of world. Which one of the following does not form part of G5 ?
A
Mexico
B
Brazil
C
China
D
Korea
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 30
Which of the following nations has the maximum per capita emissions of carbon di-oxide?
A
China
B
Japan
C
USA
D
India
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 31
Which of the following cities has been worst affected by urban smog in recent times?
A
Paris
B
London
C
Los Angeles
D
Beijing
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 32
The primary source of organic pollution in fresh water bodies is
A
run-off urban areas
B
run-off from agricultural forms
C
sewage effluents
D
industrial effluents
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 33
'Lahar' is a natural disaster involving
A
eruption of large amount of material
B
strong winds
C
strong water waves
D
strong wind and water waves
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 34
In order to avoid catastrophic consequences of climate change, there is general agreement among the countries of the world to limit the rise in average surface temperature of earth compared to that of pre-industrial times by
A
1.5 oC to 2 oC
B
2.0 oC to 3.5 oC
C
0.5 oC to 1.0 oC
D
0.25 oC to 0.5 oC
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 35
Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below:
(i) Rajasthan receives the highest solar radiation in the country.
(ii) India has the fifth largest installed wind power in the world.
(iii) The maximum amount of wind power is contributed by Tamil Nadu.
(iv) The primary source of uranium in India is Jaduguda.
A
(i) and (ii)
B
(i), (ii) and (iii)
C
(ii) and (iii)
D
(i) and (iv)
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 36
The arsenic pollution in ground water in Bangladesh and parts of India is due to
A
Industrial waste
B
Thermal power plants
C
Natural sources
D
Agricultural practices
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 37
Among the following air pollutants which directly impacts human health as well as climate?
A
Soot
B
Sulphur dioxide
C
Oxides of nitrogen
D
Chlorofluoro carbons
       Environment       Air-Pollution       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 38
Assertion (A): The problems of environmental sustainability are difficult to resolve.
Reason (R): Our understanding how environment works and how different human choices affect environment is inadequate.
Choose the correct code:
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true and (R) is false.
D
(A) is false and (R) is true.
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 39
The percentage share of electrical power from solar energy in the total electric power generation from all renewable energy sources sought to be achieved by Indian government by the year 2022, is
A
~ 57.1%
B
~ 65.5%
C
~ 47.5%
D
~ 75%
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 40
As part of Intended Nationally Determined contributions, Indian government through additional forest and tree cover has resolved to create an additional carbon sink (in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent) by year 2030 to the extent of
A
3.5 to 4 billion tons
B
2.5 to 3 billion tons
C
1.5 to 2 billion tons
D
1 to 1.5 billion tons
       Environment       Environment       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 41
Which of the following is a meteorological hazard?
A
Avalanche
B
Coastal erosion
C
Landslide
D
Blizzard
       Environment       Environment       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 42
The factors which are most important in determining the impact of anthropogenic activities on environment are:
A
Population, forest cover and land available per person
B
Population, affluence per person, land available per person
C
Population, affluence per person and the technology used for exploiting resources
D
Atmospheric conditions, population and forest cover
       Environment       Environment       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 43
India's contribution to total global carbon dioxide emissions is about:
A
~15%
B
~3%
C
~6%
D
~10%
       Environment       Environment       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 44
In which of the countries per capita use of water is maximum?
A
India
B
USA
C
European Union
D
China
       Environment       Environment       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 45
Two earthquakes A and B happen to be of magnitude 5 and 6 respectively on Richter Scale.
The ratio of the energies released E B /E A will be approximately:
A
~64
B
~8
C
~16
D
~32
       Environment       Earthquake       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 46
In the recently launched Air Quality Index in India, which of the following pollutants is not included?
A
Chlorofluorocarbons
B
Carbon monoxide
C
Fine particulate matter
D
Ozone
       Environment       Air-Pollution       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 47
Which of the following combinations represent renewable natural resources?
A
Oil, forests and tides
B
Fertile soil, fresh water and natural gas
C
Clean air, phosphates and biological diversity
D
Fishes, fertile soil and fresh water
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 48
Which of the following is the largest source of water pollution in major rivers of India?
A
Untreated sewage
B
Agriculture run-off
C
Unregulated small scale industries
D
Religious practices
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 49
Indian government’s target of producing power from biomass by the year 2022, is
A
50 MW
B
25 MW
C
15 MW
D
10 MW
E
None of the Above
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 50
Assertion (A): Conserving our soil resources is critical to human survival.
Reason (R): Soil is home to many micro-organisms and contains minerals.
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true and (R) is false.
D
(A) is false and (R) is true.
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
There are 50 questions to complete.

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