Environment

Question 1
Irritation in eyes is caused by the pollutant
A
Sulphur di-oxide
B
Ozone
C
PAN
D
Nitrous oxide
       Environment       Environment       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 2
Which is the source of chlorofluorocarbons ?
A
Thermal power plants
B
Automobiles
C
Refrigeration and Airconditioning
D
Fertilizers
       Environment       Environment       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 3
Which of the following is not a renewable natural resource ?
A
Clean air
B
Fertile soil
C
Fresh water
D
Salt
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 4
Which of the following parameters is not used as a pollution indicator in water ?
A
Total dissolved solids
B
Coliform count
C
Dissolved oxygen
D
Density
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 5
S and P waves are associated with
A
floods
B
wind energy
C
earthquakes
D
tidal energy
       Environment       Earthquake       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 6
Match Lists I and II and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
List – I List – II
(i) Ozone hole (a) Tsunami
(ii) Greenhouse effect (b) UV radiations
(iii) Natural hazards (c) Methane
(iv) Sustainable development (d) Eco-centrism
A
(b) (c) (a) (d)
B
(c) (b) (a) (d)
C
(d) (c) (a) (b)
D
(d) (b) (c) (a)
       Environment       Environment       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 7
The phrase “tragedy of commons” is in the context of
A
tragic even related to damage caused by release of poisonous gases.
B
tragic conditions of poor people.
C
degradation of renewable free access resources.
D
climate change.
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 8
Kyoto Protocol is related to
A
Ozone depletion
B
Hazardous waste
C
Climate change
D
Nuclear energy
       Environment       Kyoto-Protocol       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 9
Which of the following is a source of emissions leading to the eventual formation of surface ozone as a pollutant?
A
Transport sector
B
Refrigeration and Air-conditioning
C
Wetlands
D
Fertilizers
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 10
The smog in cities in Indian mainly consists of
A
Oxides of sulphur
B
Oxides of nitrogen and unburnt hydrocarbons
C
Carbon monoxide and SPM
D
Oxides of sulphur and ozone
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 11
Which of the following types of natural hazards have the highest potential to cause damage to humans?
A
Earthquakes
B
Forest fires
C
Volcanic eruptions
D
Droughts and Floods
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 12
The percentage share of renewable energy sources in the power production in India is around
A
2-3%
B
22-25%
C
10-12%
D
< 1%
       Environment       Environment       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 13
In terms of total CO 2 emissions from a country, identity the correct sequence:
A
U.S.A. > China > India > Russia
B
China > U.S.A. > India > Russia
C
China > U.S.A. > Russia > India
D
U.S.A. > China > Russia > India
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 14
Match List – I and List – II and identify the correct code:
A
i ii iii iv
B
iv iii i ii
C
ii iii iv i
D
iii iv ii i
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 15
Which of the anthropogenic activity accounts for more than 2/3 rd of global water consumption?
A
Agriculture
B
Hydropower generation
C
Industry
D
Domestic and Municipal usage
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 16
One of the anthropogenic sources of gaseous pollutants chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in air is
A
Cement Industry
B
Fertiliser industry
C
Foam industry
D
Pesticide industry
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 17
The cyclone “Hudhud” hit the coast of which State?
A
Andhra Pradesh
B
Karnataka
C
Kerala
D
Gujarat
       Environment       Environment       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 18
Which of the following is not a renewable natural resource?
A
Clean air
B
Fresh water
C
Fertile soil
D
Salt
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 19
Which one of the following continents is at a greater risk of desertification?
A
Africa
B
Asia
C
South America
D
North America
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 20
Which one of the following is not a matter a global concern in the removal of tropical forests?
A
Their ability to absorb the chemicals that contribute to depletion of ozone layer.
B
Their role in maintaining the oxygen and carbon balance of the earth.
C
Their ability to regulate surface and air temperatures, moisture content and reflectivity.
D
Their contribution to the biological diversity of the planet.
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 21
The most comprehensive approach to address the problems of man-environment interaction is one of the following:
A
Natural Resource Conservation Approach
B
Urban-industrial Growth Oriented Approach
C
Rural-agricultural Growth Oriented Approach
D
Watershed Development Approach
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 22
The major source of the pollutant gas, carbon mono-oxide (CO), in urban areas is
A
Thermal power sector
B
Transport sector
C
Industrial sector
D
Domestic sector
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 23
ln a fuel cell driven vehicle, the energy is obtained from the combustion of
A
Methane
B
Hydrogen
C
LPG
D
CNG
       Environment       Environment       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 24
By the year 2022, the Climate Change Action Plan of Government of India aims at installing
A
20,000 MW of wind power
B
25,000 MW of wind power
C
20,000 MW of solar power
D
10,000 MW of solar power
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 25
Which one of the following biosphere reserves has UNESCO recognition ?
A
Manas
B
Kanchenjunga
C
Seshachalam Hills
D
Greater Nicobar
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 26
Which activity contributes to water pollution more than any other throughout world ?
A
Agriculture
B
Hydroelectric power generation
C
Industry
D
Urbanisation
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 27
Match List – I with List – II and find the correct answer from the codes given below :
A
i ii iii iv
B
ii iii iv i
C
iii iv ii i
D
iv iii i ii
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 28
G5 are the five most important emerging economies of world. Which one of the following does not form part of G5 ?
A
Mexico
B
Brazil
C
China
D
Korea
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 29
Which of the following nations has the maximum per capita emissions of carbon di-oxide?
A
China
B
Japan
C
USA
D
India
       Environment       Environment       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 30
Which of the following cities has been worst affected by urban smog in recent times?
A
Paris
B
London
C
Los Angeles
D
Beijing
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 31
The primary source of organic pollution in fresh water bodies is
A
run-off urban areas
B
run-off from agricultural forms
C
sewage effluents
D
industrial effluents
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 32
'Lahar' is a natural disaster involving
A
eruption of large amount of material
B
strong winds
C
strong water waves
D
strong wind and water waves
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 33
In order to avoid catastrophic consequences of climate change, there is general agreement among the countries of the world to limit the rise in average surface temperature of earth compared to that of pre-industrial times by
A
1.5 oC to 2 oC
B
2.0 oC to 3.5 oC
C
0.5 oC to 1.0 oC
D
0.25 oC to 0.5 oC
       Environment       Environment       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 34
Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below:
(i) Rajasthan receives the highest solar radiation in the country.
(ii) India has the fifth largest installed wind power in the world.
(iii) The maximum amount of wind power is contributed by Tamil Nadu.
(iv) The primary source of uranium in India is Jaduguda.
A
(i) and (ii)
B
(i), (ii) and (iii)
C
(ii) and (iii)
D
(i) and (iv)
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 35
The arsenic pollution in ground water in Bangladesh and parts of India is due to
A
Industrial waste
B
Thermal power plants
C
Natural sources
D
Agricultural practices
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 36
Among the following air pollutants which directly impacts human health as well as climate?
A
Soot
B
Sulphur dioxide
C
Oxides of nitrogen
D
Chlorofluoro carbons
       Environment       Air-Pollution       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 37
Assertion (A): The problems of environmental sustainability are difficult to resolve.
Reason (R): Our understanding how environment works and how different human choices affect environment is inadequate.
Choose the correct code:
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true and (R) is false.
D
(A) is false and (R) is true.
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 38
The percentage share of electrical power from solar energy in the total electric power generation from all renewable energy sources sought to be achieved by Indian government by the year 2022, is
A
~ 57.1%
B
~ 65.5%
C
~ 47.5%
D
~ 75%
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 39
As part of Intended Nationally Determined contributions, Indian government through additional forest and tree cover has resolved to create an additional carbon sink (in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent) by year 2030 to the extent of
A
3.5 to 4 billion tons
B
2.5 to 3 billion tons
C
1.5 to 2 billion tons
D
1 to 1.5 billion tons
       Environment       Environment       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 40
Which of the following is a meteorological hazard?
A
Avalanche
B
Coastal erosion
C
Landslide
D
Blizzard
       Environment       Environment       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 41
The factors which are most important in determining the impact of anthropogenic activities on environment are:
A
Population, forest cover and land available per person
B
Population, affluence per person, land available per person
C
Population, affluence per person and the technology used for exploiting resources
D
Atmospheric conditions, population and forest cover
       Environment       Environment       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 42
India's contribution to total global carbon dioxide emissions is about:
A
~15%
B
~3%
C
~6%
D
~10%
       Environment       Environment       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 43
In which of the countries per capita use of water is maximum?
A
India
B
USA
C
European Union
D
China
       Environment       Environment       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 44
Two earthquakes A and B happen to be of magnitude 5 and 6 respectively on Richter Scale.
The ratio of the energies released E B /E A will be approximately:
A
~64
B
~8
C
~16
D
~32
       Environment       Earthquake       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 45
In the recently launched Air Quality Index in India, which of the following pollutants is not included?
A
Chlorofluorocarbons
B
Carbon monoxide
C
Fine particulate matter
D
Ozone
       Environment       Air-Pollution       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 46
Which of the following combinations represent renewable natural resources?
A
Oil, forests and tides
B
Fertile soil, fresh water and natural gas
C
Clean air, phosphates and biological diversity
D
Fishes, fertile soil and fresh water
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 47
Which of the following is the largest source of water pollution in major rivers of India?
A
Untreated sewage
B
Agriculture run-off
C
Unregulated small scale industries
D
Religious practices
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 48
Indian government’s target of producing power from biomass by the year 2022, is
A
50 MW
B
25 MW
C
15 MW
D
10 MW
E
None of the Above
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 49
Assertion (A): Conserving our soil resources is critical to human survival.
Reason (R): Soil is home to many micro-organisms and contains minerals.
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true and (R) is false.
D
(A) is false and (R) is true.
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 50
World Meterological Organisation’s (WMO) objective has been to reduce the number of deaths to hydrometerological disasters over the decade 2010-2019 by (with reference to the decade 1994-2003)
A
25%
B
50%
C
75%
D
80%
       Environment       Environment       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 51
Identify the air pollutant in urban areas which irritates eyes and also respiratory tract of human beings.
A
Particulate matter
B
Oxides of nitrogen
C
Surface ozone
D
Carbon monoxide
       Environment       Air-Pollution       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 52
Inside rural homes, the source/sources of Nitrogen Oxide Pollution may be:
(a) Unvented gas stoves
(b) Wood stoves
(c) Kerosene heaters
A
(a) and (b) only
B
(b) and (c) only
C
(b) only
D
(a), (b) and (c)
       Environment       Environment       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 53
Which of the following pollutants can cause cancer in humans?
A
Pesticides
B
Mercury
C
Lead
D
Ozone
       Environment       Environment       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 54
Assertion (A): People population control measures do not necessarily help in checking environmental degradation.
Reason (R): The relationship between population growth and environmental degradation is rather complex.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false but (R) is true
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 55
Which of the following phenomena is not a natural hazard?
A
Wildfire
B
Lightning
C
Landslide
D
Chemical contamination
       Environment       Environment       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 56
As part of National Climate Change Policy, Indian government is planning to raise the installed capacity of renewable energy by the year 2030 to
A
175 GW
B
200 GW
C
250 GW
D
350 GW
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 57
At present, in terms of per capita energy consumption (kWh/year), identify the correct sequence.
A
Brazil > Russia > China > India
B
Russia > China > India > Brazil
C
Russia > China > Brazil > India
D
China > Russia > Brazil > India
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 58
The dominant source of pollution due to oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) in urban areas is
A
Road transport
B
Commercial sector
C
Energy use in industry
D
Power plants
       Environment       Environment       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 59
Which of the following is not a water-bone disease?
A
Typhoid
B
Hepatitis
C
Cholera
D
Dengue
       Environment       Environment       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 60
In which country, the recent international agreement on phasing out Hydro Fluoro Carbons (HFCs) was signed?
A
Rwanda
B
Morocco
C
South Africa
D
Algeria
       Environment       Environment       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 61
Which of the following natural hazards is not hydro-meteorological?
A
Snow avalanche
B
Sea erosion
C
Tropical cyclone
D
Tsunami
       Environment       Environment       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 62
Indian government's target for power production from small hydro projects by the year 2022 is
A
1 Giga-Watt
B
5 Giga-Watt
C
10 Giga-Watt
D
15 Giga-Watt
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 63
An earthquake of a magnitude in the range of 6·0 – 6·9 on the Richter Scale is considered
A
Moderate
B
Strong
C
Major
D
Great
       Environment       Earthquake       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 64
Frequent episodes of dense smog in winter season in the National Capital Region (NCR) can be attributed to
(i) Stubble burning
(ii) Biomass burning in rural households
(iii) Transport
(iv) Transboundary movement of pollutants
A
(i) and (iii)
B
(i), (ii) and (iii)
C
(i), (iii) and (iv)
D
(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
       Environment       Environment       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 65
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) comprises of
(i) Household waste
(ii) Sanitation residue
(iii) Waste from streets
(iv) Construction and demolition debris
A
(i), (ii) and (iii)
B
(i) and (iii)
C
(i), (iii) and (iv)
D
(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
       Environment       Environment       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 66
As per the Indian Government’s target for exploiting renewable energy sources, the percentage share of solar and wind energy in the total power generation from renewable energy sources by the year 2022 will be about
A
~ 91·43%
B
~ 57·14%
C
~ 50%
D
~ 60%
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 67
Occurrence of natural hazards is affected by:
(a) Land use changes
(b) Drainage and construction
(c) Ozone depletion
(d) Climate change
A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(a), (b) and (d)
C
(b), (c) and (d)
D
(a), (c) and (d)
       Environment       Environment       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 68
Among the following fuels of energy, which is the most environments friendly?
A
Biogas
B
CNG
C
Hydrogen
D
Ethanol
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 69
Which of the following pollutant gases is not produced both naturally and as a result of industrial activity?
A
Nitrous oxide
B
Methane
C
Carbon dioxide
D
Chlorofluoro carbons
       Environment       Environment       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 70
Assertion (A): In urban areas, smog episodes occur frequently in winters.
Reason (R): In winters, a lot of biomass is burnt by people for heating purposes or to keep themselves warm.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
B
(A) is true and (R) is false
C
Both (A) and (R) are false
D
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 71
Which of the following pollutants is the major cause of respiratory disease?
A
Nitrogen oxides
B
Carbon monoxide
C
Volatile organic compounds
D
Suspended fine particles
       Environment       Environment       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 72
Bitumen is obtained from :
A
Forests and Plants
B
Kerosene oil
C
Crude oil
D
underground mines
       Environment       Environment       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 73
Malaria is caused by :
A
bacterial infection
B
viral infection
C
parasitic infection
D
fungal infection
       Environment       Malaria       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 74
The cloudy nights are warmer compared to clear nights (without clouds) during winter days. This is because :
A
clouds radiate heat towards the earth
B
clouds prevent cold wave from the sky, descend on earth
C
clouds prevent escaping of the heat radiation from the earth
D
clouds being at great heights from earth absorb heat from the sun and send towards the earth
       Environment       Environment       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 75
Largest soil group of India is :
A
Red soil
B
Black soil
C
Sandy soil
D
Mountain soil
       Environment       Environment       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 76
Main pollutant of the Indian coastal water is :
A
oil spill
B
municipal sewage
C
industrial effluents
D
aerosols
       Environment       Environment       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 77
Human ear is most sensitive to noise in the following frequency ranges :
A
1-2 KHz
B
100-500 Hz
C
10-12 KHz
D
13-16 KHz
       Environment       Noise       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 78
Which species of chromium is toxic in water :
A
Cr + 2
B
Cr + 3
C
Cr + 6
D
Cr is non-toxic element
       Environment       Environment       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 79
Human ear is most sensitive to noise in which of the following ranges:
A
l-2 KHz
B
100-500 Hz
C
10-12 KHz
D
13-16 KHz
E
None of the above
       Environment       Noise       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 79 Explanation: 
Excluded for evaluation
Question 80
Which one of the following units is used to measure intensity of noise?
A
decibel
B
Hz
C
Phon
D
Watts/m2
       Environment       Noise       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 81
If the population growth follows a logistic curve, the maximum sustainable yield:
A
is equal to half the carrying capacity.
B
is equal to the carrying capacity.
C
depends on growth rates.
D
depends on the initial population.
       Environment       Population-Growth       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 82
Chemical weathering of rocks is largely dependent upon:
A
high temperature
B
strong wind action
C
heavy rainfall
D
glaciation
       Environment       Environment       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 83
Structure of earth's system consists of the following: Match List-I with List-II and give the correct answer. Codes:           (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)      
A
(ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
B
(i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
C
(ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
D
(iii) (i) (ii) (iv)
       Environment       Environment       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 84
The great Indian Bustard bird is found in
A
Thar Desert of Rajasthan
B
Coastal regions of India
C
Malabar Coast
D
Delta regions
       Environment       Environment       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 85
The Sagarmanthan National Park has been established to preserve the eco-system of which mountain peak?
A
Kanchenjunga
B
Mount Everest
C
Annapurna
D
Dhaulavira
       Environment       Environment       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 86
Maximum soot is released from
A
Petrol vehicles
B
CNG vehicles
C
Diesel vehicles
D
Thermal Power Plants
       Environment       Environment       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 87
Surface Ozone is produced from
A
Transport sector
B
Cement plants
C
Textile industry
D
Chemical industry
       Environment       Ozone-Layer       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 88
Which one of the following non-conventional energy sources can be exploited most economically?
A
Solar
B
Wind
C
Geo-thermal
D
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 89
The most recurring natural hazard in India is
A
Earthquakes
B
Floods
C
Landslides
D
Volcanoes
       Environment       Environment       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 90
Human Development Report for ‘each’ of the year at global level has been published by:
A
UNDP
B
WTO
C
IMF
D
World Bank
       Environment       UNDP       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 91
The most significant impact of volcanic eruption has been felt in the form of:
A
change in weather
B
sinking of islands
C
loss of vegetation
D
extinction of animals
       Environment       Natural-Hazards       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 92
With absorption and decomposition of CO2 in ocean water beyond desired level, there will be:
A
decrease in temperature
B
increase in salinity
C
growth of phytoplankton
D
rise in sea level
       Environment       Environment       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 93
Arrange column II in proper sequence so as to match it with column I and choose the correct answer from the code given below: Code: (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
A
(ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
B
(i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
C
(ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
D
(iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 94
The maximum emission of pollutants from fuel sources in India is caused by:
A
Coal
B
Firewood
C
Refuse burning
D
Vegetable waste product
       Environment       Environment       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 95
The urbanisation process accounts for the wind in the urban centres during nights to remain:
A
faster than that in rural areas
B
slower than that in rural areas
C
the same as that in rural areas
D
cooler than that in rural areas
       Environment       Environment       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 96
Which is the smallest North-east State in India?
A
Tripura
B
Meghalaya
C
Mizoram
D
Manipur
       Environment       Environment       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 97
Tamilnadu coastal belt has drinking water shortage due to:
A
high evaporation
B
sea water flooding due to tsunami
C
over exploitation of ground water by tube wells
D
seepage of sea water
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 98
While all rivers of Peninsular India flow into the Bay of Bengal, Narmada and Tapti flow into the Arabian Sea because these two rivers:
A
Follow the slope of these rift valleys
B
The general slope of the Indian peninsula is from east to west
C
The Indian peninsula north of the Satpura ranges, is tilted towards the west
D
The Indian peninsula south of the satpura ranges is tilted towards east
       Environment       Environment       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 99
Soils in the Mahanadi delta are less fertile than those in the Godavari delta because of:
A
erosion of top soils by annual floods
B
inundation of land by sea water
C
traditional agriculture practices
D
the derivation of alluvial soil from red-soil hinterland
       Environment       Environment       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 100
Assertion (A): Aerosols have potential for modifying climate Reason (R): Aerosols interact with both short waves and radiation
A
Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 100 Explanation: 
Both A and R are true and R is given suitable reason to A. Ans:- Option A
Question 101
Deforestation during the recent decades has led to:
A
Soil erosion
B
Landslides
C
Loss of bio-diversity
D
All the above
       Environment       Environment       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 102
Which one of the following natural hazards is responsible for causing highest human disaster?
A
Earthquakes
B
Snow-storms
C
Volcanic eruptions
D
Tsunami
       Environment       Tsunami       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 103
Which one of the following is appropriate for natural hazard mitigation?
A
International AID
B
Timely Warning System
C
Rehabilitation
D
Community Participation
       Environment       Environment       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 104
Slums in metro-city are the result of:
A
Rural to urban migration
B
Poverty of the city-scape
C
Lack of urban infrastructure
D
Urban-governance
       Environment       Environment       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 105
The great Indian Bustard bird is found in:
A
Thar Desert of India
B
Coastal regions of India
C
Temperate Forests in the Himalaya
D
Tarai zones of the Himalayan Foot
       Environment       Environment       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 106
Tsunami occurs due to:
A
Mild earthquakes and landslides in the oceans
B
Strong earthquakes and landslides in the oceans
C
Strong earthquakes and landslides in mountains
D
Strong earthquakes and landslides in deserts
       Environment       Tsunami       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 107
Which of the natural hazards have big effect on Indian people each year?
A
Cyclones
B
Floods
C
Earthquakes
D
Landslides
       Environment       Natural-Hazards       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 108
Comparative Environment Impact Assessment study is to be conducted for:
A
the whole year
B
three seasons excluding monsoon
C
any three seasons
D
the worst season
       Environment       Environment       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 109
Sea level rise results primarily due to:
A
Heavy rainfall
B
Melting of glaciers
C
Submarine volcanism
D
Seafloor spreading
       Environment       Environment       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 110
The plume rise in a coal based power plant depends on: (i) Buoyancy (ii) Atmospheric stability (iii) Momentum of exhaust gases Identify the correct code:
A
(i) and (ii) only
B
(ii) and (iii) only
C
(i) and (iii) only
D
(i), (ii) and (iii)
       Environment       Environment       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 111
Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below: Codes: (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
A
(ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
B
(i) (ii) (iv) (iii)
C
(iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
D
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
       Environment       Environment       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 112
Which of the following pairs regarding typical composition of hospital wastes is incorrect?
A
Plastic- 9-12%
B
Metals- 1-2%
C
Ceramic- 8-10%
D
Biodegradable- 35-40%
       Environment       Environment       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 113
Fresh water achieves its greatest density at:
A
-4° C
B
0° C
C
4° C
D
-2.5° C
       Environment       Water-Pollution       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 114
Which one of the following is not associated with earthquakes?
A
Focus
B
Epicenter
C
Seismograph
D
Swells
       Environment       Earthquake       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 115
The tallest trees in the world are found in the region :
A
Equatorial region
B
Temperate region
C
Monsoon region
D
Mediterranean region
       Environment       Environment       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 116
Environmental impact assessment is an objective analysis of the probable changes in:
A
physical characteristics of the environment
B
biophysical characteristics of the environment
C
socio-economic characteristics of the environment
D
all the above
       Environment       Environment       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 117
Bog is a wetland that receives water from:
A
nearby water bodies
B
melting
C
rain fall only
D
sea only
       Environment       Environment       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 118
Which of the following region is in the very high risk zone of earthquakes?
A
Central Indian Highland
B
Coastal region
C
Himalayan region
D
Indian desert
       Environment       Environment       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 119
Indian coastal areas experienced Tsunami disaster in the year:
A
2005
B
2004
C
2006
D
2007
       Environment       Tsunami       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 120
Which of the following is not covered in 8 missions under the Climate Action Plan of Government of India?
A
Solar power
B
Waste to energy conversion
C
Afforestation
D
Nuclear energy
       Environment       Environment       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 121
The concentration of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) in drinking water should not exceed
A
500 mg/L
B
400 mg/L
C
300 mg/L
D
200 mg/L
       Environment       Environment       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 122
‘Chipko’ movement was first started by
A
Arundhati Roy
B
Medha Patkar
C
Ila Bhatt
D
Sunderlal Bahuguna
       Environment       Chipko-Movement       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 123
The constituents of photochemical smog responsible for eye irritation are
A
SO2 and O3
B
SO2 and NO2
C
HCHO and PAN
D
SO2 and SPM
       Environment       Environment       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 124
Assertion (A): Some carbonaceous aerosols may be carcinogenic. Reason (R): They may contain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is correct, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is correct.
       Environment       Environment       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 124 Explanation: 
Both are correct and R given proper explanation to A
Question 125
Volcanic eruptions affect
A
atmosphere and hydrosphere
B
hydrosphere and biosphere
C
lithosphere, biosphere and atmosphere
D
lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere
       Environment       Environment       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 126
Which type of natural hazards cause maximum damage to property and lives?
A
Hydrological
B
Hydro-meteorological
C
Geological
D
Geo-chemical
       Environment       Environment       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 127
Dioxins are produced from
A
Wastelands
B
Power plants
C
Sugar factories
D
Combustion of plastics
       Environment       Environment       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 128
The slogan “A tree for each child” was coined for
A
Social forestry programme
B
Clean Air programme
C
Soil conservation programme
D
Environmental protection programme
       Environment       Environment       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 129
The main constituents of biogas are
A
Methane and Carbon di-oxide
B
Methane and Nitric oxide
C
Methane, Hydrogen and Nitric oxide
D
Methane and Sulphur di-oxide
       Environment       Environment       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 130
Assertion (A): In the world as a whole, the environment has degraded during past several decades. Reason (R): The population of the world has been growing significantly.
A
(A) is correct, (R) is correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
(A) is correct, (R) is correct and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is correct, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is correct.
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 131
Climate change has implications for
  1. soil moisture
  2. forest fires
  3. biodiversity
  4. ground water
Identify the correct combination according to the code: Codes :
A
1 and 3
B
1, 2 and 3
C
1, 3 and 4
D
1, 2, 3 and 4
       Environment       Environment       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 132
Which of the following pollutants affects the respiratory tract in humans?
A
Carbon monoxide
B
Nitric oxide
C
Sulphur di-oxide
D
Aerosols
       Environment       Environment       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 133
Which of the following pollutants is not emitted from the transport sector?
A
Oxides of nitrogen
B
Chlorofluorocarbons
C
Carbon monoxide
D
Poly aromatic hydrocarbons
       Environment       Air-Pollution       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 134
Which of the following sources of energy has the maximum potential in India?
A
Solar energy
B
Wind energy
C
Ocean thermal energy
D
Tidal energy
       Environment       Environment       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 135
Which of the following is not a source of pollution in soil?
A
Transport sector
B
Agriculture sector
C
Thermal power plants
D
Hydropower plants
       Environment       Soil-Pollution       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 136
Which of the following is not a natural hazard?
A
Earthquake
B
Tsunami
C
Flash floods
D
Nuclear accident
       Environment       Environment       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 137
Ecological footprint represents
A
area of productive land and water to meet the resources requirement
B
energy consumption
C
CO2 emissions per person
D
forest cover
       Environment       Environment       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 138
The Ganga Action Plan was initiated during the year
A
1986
B
1988
C
1990
D
1992
       Environment       Environment       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 139
Identify the correct sequence of energy sources in order of their share in the power sector in India :
A
Thermal > nuclear > hydro > wind
B
Thermal > hydro > nuclear > wind
C
Hydro > nuclear > thermal > wind
D
Nuclear > hydro > wind > thermal
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 140
Chromium as a contaminant in drinking water in excess of permissible levels, causes
A
Skeletal damage
B
Gastrointestinal problem
C
Dermal and nervous problems
D
Liver/Kidney problems
       Environment       Environment       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 141
The main precursors of winter smog are
A
N2O and hydrocarbons
B
NOx and hydrocarbons
C
SO2 and hydrocarbons
D
SO2 and ozone
       Environment       Environment       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 142
Flash floods are caused when
A
the atmosphere is convectively unstable and there is considerable vertical wind shear
B
the atmosphere is stable
C
the atmosphere is convectively unstable with no vertical windshear
D
winds are catabatic
       Environment       Flash-Floods       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 143
In mega cities of India, the dominant source of air pollution is
A
transport sector
B
thermal power
C
municipal waste
D
commercial sector
       Environment       Air-Pollution       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 144
Which of the following is a source of methane?
A
Wetlands
B
Foam Industry
C
Thermal Power Plants
D
Cement Industry
       Environment       Environment       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 145
‘Minamata disaster’ in Japan was caused by pollution due to
A
Lead
B
Mercury
C
Cadmium
D
Zinc
       Environment       Environment       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 146
Biomagnification means increase in the
A
concentration of pollutants in living organisms
B
number of species
C
size of living organisms
D
biomass
       Environment       Environment       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 147
Nagoya Protocol is related to
A
Climate change
B
Ozone depletion
C
Hazardous waste
D
Biodiversity
       Environment       Environment       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 148
The second most important source after fossil fuels contributing to India’s energy needs is
A
Solar energy
B
Nuclear energy
C
Hydropower
D
Wind energy
       Environment       Energy-Sources       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 149
In case of earthquakes, an increase of magnitude 1 on Richter Scale implies
A
a ten-fold increase in the amplitude of seismic waves.
B
a ten-fold increase in the energy of the seismic waves.
C
two-fold increase in the amplitude of seismic waves.
D
two-fold increase in the energy of seismic waves.
       Environment       Earthquake       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 150
Which of the following is not a measure of Human Development Index?
A
Literacy Rate
B
Gross Enrolment
C
Sex Ratio
D
Life Expectancy
       Environment       Human-Development-Index       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 151
Global warming during winter becomes more pronounced at the :
A
Equator
B
Poles
C
Tropic of Cancer
D
Tropic of Capricorn
       Environment       Environment       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 152
In the study of man - environment interaction, the statement of Miss Semple that the humans are solely the product of their environment, is :
A
An opinion
B
A prejudice
C
A fact
D
A widely accepted phenomenon
       Environment       Environment       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 153
In analysis of man - environment relationship Pragmatic Possibilism implies that :
A
There is no limit for man to exploit resources of earth
B
There are limited possibilities to explore earth’s resources
C
The man has to watch and assess the situation and then go ahead with resource utilization
D
The man has to keep in mind only his basic needs while planning to harness the potential of resourceful earth
       Environment       Environment       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 154
Arrange Column II in proper sequence so as to match it with Column I and choose the correct answer from the code given below :  
A
(a)-(i), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(iv)
B
(a)-(ii), (b)-(i), (c)-(iv), (d)-(iii)
C
(a)-(iv), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(i)
D
(a)-(iii), (b)-(i), (c)-(ii), (d)-(iv)
       Environment       Noise       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 155
The maximum loss of forest lands in India is caused by :
A
River valley projects
B
Industries
C
Means of transportation
D
Agriculture
       Environment       Environment       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 156
‘Fly ash’ produced in thermal power plants is an eco-friendly resource for use in :
(a) agriculture as micro-nutrient
(b) wasteland development
(c) dam and water holding structures
(d) brick industry
A
(a), (b) and (d) only
B
(b), (c) and (d) only
C
(a), (c) and (d) only
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Environment       Fly-Ash       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 156 Explanation: 
All of the above is true.
Question 157
Which of the following types of natural disasters has no definite beginning and end ?
A
Earthquakes
B
Landslides
C
Hurricanes
D
Droughts
       Environment       Environment       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 158
Assertion (A) : ​ Indoor air pollution is a serious health hazard.
Reason (R) :​ The dispersal of air pollutants is rather limited in indoor environment.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true and (R) is false.
D
Both (A) and (R) are false.
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 159
In terms of their contribution to the total power generation in India, identify the correct sequence of energy sources - Thermal Power Plants (TPP), Large Hydropower Projects (LHP), Nuclear Energy (NE) and Renewable Energy (RE) which includes solar energy, wind energy, biomass and small hydropower projects.
A
TPP > RE > LHP > NE
B
TPP > LHP > RE > NE
C
LHP > TPP > RE > NE
D
LHP > TPP > NE > RE
       Environment       Energy-Sources       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 160
Which of the following is considered as major source of pollution in rivers of India ?
A
Unregulated small scale industry
B
Untreated sewage
C
Agricultural run-off
D
Thermal power plants
       Environment       Environment       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 161
Which among the following industries, consumes maximum water in India ?
A
Engineering
B
Thermal power plants
C
Paper and pulp
D
Textiles
       Environment       Environment       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 162
Plants suitable for biomonitoring of Sulphur Dioxide pollution are :
A
Apricot, peach and gladiolus
B
Tobacco, grapes and garden bean
C
White pine, moss and lichens
D
Tomato and lettuce
       Environment       Environment       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 163
​ An earthquake is rated as ‘major’ if its magnitude in Richter Scale is in range of :
A
6.0 - 6.9
B
5.0 - 5.9
C
4.0 - 4.9
D
7.0 - 7.9
       Environment       Earthquake       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 164
Assertion (A): ​ Climate change is going to increase social tension in India.
Reason (R): ​ The frequency and intensity of the extreme weather events will have serious consequences for food security.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 165
The biggest hindrance in using biomass as a major energy source is :;
A
Air pollution due to combustion
B
Energy yield of low level
C
Technology not well developed for commercialisation.
D
Large amount of land required to grow energy crops.
       Environment       Environment       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 166
Algal blooms in oligotrophic lakes are
A
very frequent
B
frequent
C
very rare
D
widespread
       Environment       Environment       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 166 Explanation: 
An algal bloom or algae bloom is a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae in freshwater or marine water systems, and is recognized by the discoloration in the water from their pigments
Question 167
In the last few years, India has been affected by which of the following tropical cyclones?
A
Gaja, hudhud, Bhima
B
Hudhud, Bhima, Ockhi
C
Gaja, Hudhud, Ockhi
D
Gaja, Bhima, Ockhi
       Environment       Tropical-Cyclones       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 167 Explanation: 
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Hudhud was a strong tropical cyclone that caused extensive damage and loss of life in eastern India and Nepal during October 2014.
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Ockhi was a strong tropical cyclone that devastated parts of Sri Lanka and India in 2017, and was the most intense tropical cyclones in the Arabian Sea since Cyclone Megh in 2015
Severe Cyclonic Storm Gaja was the sixth named cyclone of the 2018 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, after Cyclones Sagar, Mekunu, Daye, Luban, and Titli.
Question 168
Assertion(A): Methemoglobinemia is a condition in which blood is not to carry and deliver enough oxygen to the body Reason(R): Consuming drinking water with high nitrate levels may cause methemoglobinemia Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
Both (A) and (R) are TRUE and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are TRUE and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true but (R) is false
D
(A) is false but (R) is true
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 168 Explanation: 
Methemoglobinemia is a condition caused by elevated levels of methemoglobin in the blood.
Methemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin that contains the ferric [Fe3+] form of iron
Ingestion of compounds containing nitrates (such as the patina chemical bismuth nitrate) can also cause methemoglobinemia.
Question 169
Assertion(A): High concentration of Ozone in the lower troposphere is desirable
Reason(R): Ozone present in the atmosphere protects the living organisms on the surface of the earth from the harmful ultraviolet radiation of the sun.
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true but (R) is false
D
(A) is false but (R) is true
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 169 Explanation: 
In the stratosphere, ozone molecules play an important role - absorbing ultraviolet radiation from the Sun and shielding Earth from dangerous rays.
But in the troposphere, near ground-level, ozone molecules are both air pollutants, threatening the health of living things, and greenhouse gases, trapping heat and contributing to climate change.
A small amount of ozone does occur naturally at ground level
Question 170

Identify from the options given below, the co-benefit of Montreal Protocol.

A
Impetus to development of energy efficient systems
B
Reduction in carbon dioxide (equivalent) emissions
C
Convergence of efforts of international community in addressing air pollution
D
Control of trans-boundary movement of hazardous waste
       Environment       Montreal-Protocol       UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1
Question 171

The most important pollutants that cause degradation of water quality in rivers and streams are

    (a) Bacteria
    (b) Nutrients
    (c) Metals
    (d) Total dissolved solids
    (e) Algae

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(a), (b) and (d)
C
(a), (b), (d) and (e)
D
(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e)
       Environment       Water-Pollution       UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1
Question 172

Under Green India Mission, how many hectares of degraded forest land is to be brought under afforestation?

A
02 million hectares
B
06 million hectares
C
08 million hectares
D
20 million hectares
       Environment       Environment       UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1
There are 172 questions to complete.
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