## Research-Aptitude

 Question 1

In which of the following formats ‘Chapter Scheme’ of the document has to be formally approved by a research degree committee in the university?

 A Thesis/dissertation B Seminar papers C Research articles D Research monographs
 Question 2

Which of the following sampling procedures will be appropriate for conducting researches with empirico inductive research paradigm?

 A Simple random sampling procedure B Systematic sampling procedure C Strarified sampling procedure D Any of the non probability sampling procedures
 Question 3

A university teacher plans to improve the study habits of students in his/her class. Which type of research paradigm will be helpful in this regard?

 Question 4

A research scholar while submitting his/her thesis, did not acknowledge in the preface the help and support of the respondents of the questionnaires used. This will be called an instance of

 A Technical lapse B Wilful negligence C Unethical act D Lack of respect
 Question 5
Which of the following are non-probability sampling methods?
A) Cluster sampling
B) Judgemental sampling
C) Systematic sampling
D) Snowball sampling
E) Quota sampling
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A (A), (B) and (C) only B (B), (D) and (E) only C (B), (C) and (D) only D (C), (D) and (E) only
Question 5 Explanation:
Nonprobability Sampling:
1. Convenient Sampling
2. Judgment Sampling or Purposive Sampling
3. Quota Sampling
4. Snowball Sampling
Probability Sampling:
1. Simple or Unrestricted Random Sampling
2. Systematic Sampling
3. Stratified Sampling
4. Cluster Sampling
 Question 6
In which of the following, there is a greater flexibility in both the methods and process of research?
 A Ethnography and phenomenology B Descriptive survey and impact studies C Experimental and observation based studies D Ex Post facto and historical studies
 Question 7
In conducting an empirical study, a researcher employs a non-parametric test for data analysis and finds the ‘statistics’ arrived at is ‘significant’ at .05 level. What decisions will be warranted thereafter?
A) Rejecting the Null hypothesis (H0)
B) Accepting the Null hypothesis (H0)
C) Accepting the alternative hypothesis (H1)
D) Keeping the decision in abeyance
E) Rejecting the alternative hypothesis (H1)
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A (A) and (B) only B (B) and (C) only C (D) only D (A) and (C) only
 Question 8
Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Qualitative research is an umbrella term to refer to various research strategies that share certain characteristics. The data collected have been termed ‘soft’ i.e. rich in description.
Statement II: Qualitative research is mainly hypothesis deductive and employs mostly statiscal techniques for data analysis.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A Both Statement I and Statement II are true B Both Statement I and Statement II are false C Statement I is correct but Statement II is false D Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is true
 Question 9
Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): In order to bridge the gap between theory and practice both fundamental and applied research formats have to be promoted.
Reason (R): Fundamental research focuses on theory making and applied research is directed at exploring the applicability of theory in varied practical situations.
In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
 A Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A) B Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A) C (A) is correct but (R) is not correct D (A) is not correct but (R) is correct
 Question 10
Match List I with List II:
List I List II
(Scales of measurement) (Description of properties)
a)Nominal (I) Classification and order
b)Ordinal (II) Classification
c)Interval (III) Classification, order and equal units
d)Ratio (IV) Classification order, equal units and Absolute Zero
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A (A)-(IV), (B)-(III), (C)-(II), (D)-(I) B (A)-(II), (B)-(I), (C)-(III), (D)-(IV) C (A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(IV), (D)-(III) D (A)-(III), (B)-(IV), (C)-(I), (D)-(II)
 Question 11
Given below are tow statements:
Statement I: In case are research study leads to generation of more research, then we will say it contain heuristic value.
Statement II: The discussion section does not allow freedom and flexibility in writing to the researcher.
In the light of the above statement, choose the correct answer from the option given below:
 A Both Statement I and Statement II are correct B Both Statement I and Statement II are Incorrect C Statement I is correct and Statement II are incorrect D Statement I is incorrect and Statement II are correct
 Question 12
Which of the following are ethical principles in research?
A. Respect for participants
B. Informed consent
C. Justice for participants
D. Voluntary deception
E. Coercive consent
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 A A, B, C only B B, C, D only C C, D, E only D A, D, E only
 Question 13
Which one of the following is a tool of grounded theory ?
 A Constant comparison B Auditing C Deconstruction of narratives D Use of uncritical language
 Question 14
Given below are two statements :
Statement I   : Non-probability samples use available respondents and no specific Selection procedure is followed.

Statement II  :
It is a fact that non-probability samples accurately reflect the  population characteristics.
In the light of the above statements. choose the correct answer from the options given below
 A Both Statement I and Statement II are true B Both Statement I and Statement II are false C Statement I is true but Statement II is false D Statement I is false but Statement II is true
 Question 15
Which of the following are the actions of an ethnographic researcher?
A)
He gets immersed in the Social Setting,
(B)
He avoids collecting documents about the group members he is researching upon.
(C)
He observes the behavior of group members.
(D)
He listens to their conversation.
(E)
He does not interview the participants when they are not amenable to observation.
Choose the correct answer from the options given below :
 A A,B,C Only B A,C,D only C B,C,D only D C,D,E Only
 Question 16
Which of the following are sources of data an historical research?
A)Personal observation
B)Focused group discussion
C)Oral testimony
D)Relics
E)Actuaries
Choose the correct answer from the options given below
 A A ,B,C only B A, C,D only C B,C, D Only D C,D,E Only
 Question 17
Which of the following is not an example of a continuous variable?
 A Family size B Intelligence C Height D Height
 Question 18
Which of the following phrases is not relevant to describe the meaning of research as a process?
 A Systematic Activity B Objective Observation C Trial and Error D Problem Solving
 Question 19
Which of the following variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms?
 A Socio-economic Status B Marital Status C Numerical Aptitude D Professional Attitude
 Question 20
A doctor studies the relative effectiveness of two drugs of dengue fever. His research would be classified as
 A Descriptive Survey B Experimental Research C Case Study D Ethnography
 Question 21
The term ‘phenomenology’ is associated with the process of
 A Qualitative Research B Analysis of Variance C Correlational Study D Probability Sampling
 Question 22
The ‘Sociogram’ technique is used to study
 A Vocational Interest B Professional Competence C Human Relations D Achievement Motivation
 Question 23
A researcher uses parametric test in lieu of non-parametric test for analysis and interpretation of results. This may be described as a case of
 A Unethical research practice B Malpractice in reporting of results C Technical lapse in handling data D Manipulation of research results
 Question 24
Which of the following provides more latitude to the researcher for creative expression ?
 A Thesis writing B Writing of a research article C Presentation of a conference paper D Preparing a research synopsis
 Question 25
Identify the correct order of the following components which are interrelated in research.
(i) Observation
(ii) Hypothesis making
(iii) Developing concepts
(iv) Deducing the consequences of theories
(v) Methods employed to obtain them
 A (v), (iv), (iii), (ii) and (i) B (i), (iii), (ii), (iv) and (v) C (ii), (iii), (i), (iv) and (v) D (iv), (v), (iii), (ii) and (i)
 Question 26
In the list given below, identify those statements which correctly describe the meaning and characteristics of research.
(i) Research is a method of improving our common sense.
(ii) Deductive and inductive methods get integrated in a research process.
(iii) Research is creativity and charisma.
(iv) Research is the use of scientific method to provide answers to meaningful questions.
(v) Method of consulting and using experience is called research.
(vi) The answers provided by research can be empirically verified.
 A (ii), (iv) and (vi) B (i), (ii) and (iii) C (iv), (v) and (vi) D (i), (iii) and (v)
 Question 27
In the two lists given below, List I provides the types of research methods, while List II indicates the critical features associated with them. Match the two lists and choose the correct answer from the code given below.
 A (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) B (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) C (i) (iii) (ii) (v) D (iv) (v) (ii) (i)
 Question 28
In doing action research what is the usual sequence of steps?
 A Reflect, observe, plan, act B Plan, act, observe, reflect C Plan, reflect, observe, act D Act, observe, plan, reflect
 Question 29
Which sequence of research steps is logical in the list given below?
 A Problem formulation, Analysis, Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Collection of data, Arriving at generalizations and conclusions. B Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Problem formulation, Data analysis, Arriving at conclusions and data collection. C Problem formulation, Hypothesis making, Development of a Research design, Collection of data, Data analysis and formulation of generalizations and conclusions. D Problem formulation, Deciding about the sample and data collection tools, Formulation of hypothesis, Collection and interpretation of research evidence.
 Question 30
Below are given two sets — research methods (Set-I) and data collection tools (Set-II).
Match the two sets and indicate your answer by selecting the correct code:
 A ii i iii iv B iii iv ii i C ii iii i iv D ii iv iii i
 Question 31
The issue of 'research ethics' may be considered pertinent at which stage of research?
 A At the stage of problem formulation and its definition B At the stage of defining the population of research C At the stage of data collection and interpretation D At the stage of reporting the findings.
 Question 32
In which of the following, reporting format is formally prescribed?
 A Doctoral level thesis B Conference of researchers C Workshops and seminars D Symposia
 Question 33
The principal of a school conducts an interview session of teachers and students with a view to explore the possibility of their enhanced participation in school programmes. This endeavour may be related to which type of research?
 A Evaluation Research B Fundamental Research C Action Research D Applied Research
 Question 34
A researcher is interested in studying the prospects of a particular political party in an urban area. What tool should he prefer for the study?
 A Rating scale B Interview C Questionnaire D Schedule
 Question 35
Ethical norms in research do not involve guidelines for:
 A Thesis format B Copyright C Patenting policy D Data sharing policies
 Question 36
Which of the following are the basic rules of APA style of referencing format?
(a) Italicize titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays
(b) Invert authors’ names (last name first)
(c) Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals
(d) Alphabetically index reference list
 A (a) and (b) B (b), (c) and (d) C (c) and (d) D (a), (b), (c) and (d)
 Question 37
Which of the following are the characteristics of a seminar?
(a) It is a form of academic instruction.
(b) It involves questioning, discussion and debates.
(c) It involves large groups of individuals.
(d) It needs involvement of skilled persons.
 A (b) and (c) B (b) and (d) C (b), (c) and (d) D (a), (b) and (d)
 Question 38
Which of the following statements is not true in the context of participatory research?
 A It recognizes knowledge as power. B It emphasises on people as experts. C It is a collective process of enquiry. D Its sole purpose is production of knowledge.
 Question 39
Which of the following statements is true in the context of the testing of a hypothesis?
 A It is only the alternative hypothesis that can be tested. B It is only the null hypothesis that can be tested. C Both, the alternative and the null hypotheses can be tested. D Both, the alternative and the null hypotheses cannot be tested.
 Question 40
Which of the following is an initial mandatory requirement for pursuing research?
 A Developing a research design B Formulating a research question C Deciding about the data analysis procedure D Formulating a research hypothesis
 Question 41
The format of thesis writing is the same as in
 A Preparation of a research paper/article B Writing of seminar presentation C A research dissertation D Presenting a workshop/conference paper
 Question 42
In qualitative research paradigm, which of the following features may be considered critical?
 A Data collection with standardized research tools. B Sampling design with probability sample techniques. C Data collection with bottom-up empirical evidences. D Data gathering to take with top-down systematic evidences.
 Question 43
From the following list of statement identify the set, which has negative implications for ‘research ethics ’:
i. A researcher critically looks at the findings of another research.
ii. Related studies are cited without proper references.
iii. Research findings are made the basis for policymaking.
iv. Conduct of practitioner is screened in terms of reported research evidences.
v. A research study is replicated with a view to verify the evidences from other researches.
vi. Both policy making and policy implementing processes are regulated in terms of preliminary studies.
 A i, ii and iii B ii, iii and iv C ii, iv and vi D i, iii and v
 Question 44
In a research on the effect of child-rearing practices on stress –proneness of children in competing school projects, the hypothesis formulated is that ‘child rearing practices do influence stress- proneness’. At the data-analysis stage a null hypothesis is advanced to find out the tenability of research hypothesis. On the basis of the evidence available, the null hypothesis is rejected at 0.01 level of significance. What decision may be warranted in respect of the research hypothesis?
 A The research hypothesis will also be rejected. B The research hypothesis will be accepted. C Both the research hypothesis and the null hypothesis will be rejected. D No decision can be taken in respect of the research hypothesis.
 Question 45
A research intends to explore the effect of possible factors for the organization of effective mid-day meal interventions. Which research method will be most appropriate for this study?
 A Historical method B Descriptive survey method C Experimental method D Ex-post facto method
Question 45 Explanation:
The given study is most suitable for the Ex-post facto method.
 Question 46
"Male and female students perform equally well in a numerical aptitude test." This statement indicates a:
 A Statistical hypothesis B Research hypothesis C Null hypothesis D Directional hypothesis
 Question 47
Jean Piaget gave a theory of cognitive development of humans on the basis of his:
 A Evaluation Research B Fundamental Research C Applied Research D Action Research
 Question 48
The conclusions/findings of which type of research cannot be generalized to other situations?
 A Causal Comparative Research B Historical Research C Descriptive Research D Experimental Research
 Question 49
Which of the following steps are required to design a questionnaire?
(a) Writing primary and secondary aims of the study.
(b) Review of the current literature.
(c) Prepare a draft of questionnaire.
(d) Revision of the draft.
 A (a), (b), (c) and (d) B (a), (b) and (c) C (a), (c) and (d) D (b), (c) and (d)
 Question 50
Which of the following statements regarding the meaning of research are correct?
(a) Research refers to a series of systematic activity or activities undertaken to find out the solution of a problem.
(b) It is a systematic, logical and an unbiased process wherein verification of hypothesis, data analysis, interpretation and formation of principles can be done.
(c) It is an intellectual enquiry or quest towards truth.
(d) It leads to enhancement of knowledge.
 A (a), (b), (c) and (d) B (a), (b) and (c) C (b), (c) and (d) D (a), (c) and (d)
There are 50 questions to complete.

Register Now