JT(IT) 2018 PART-A General Aptitude

Question 1

Who among the following devised the ryotwari system during the british rule in india?

A
Lord Dalhousie
B
Warren Hastings
C
Lord Minto
D
Capt. Alexander read
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Ryotwari system was a land tenure system in British India, introduced by Sir Thomas Munro in 1820 based on system administered by Captain Alexander Read in the Baramahal district. It allowed the government to deal directly with the peasant (ryot) for revenue collection, and gave the peasant freedom to give up or acquire new land for cultivation. The peasant was assessed for only the lands he was cultivating.
Question 2

In which of the following states is the tuluni festival celebrated?

A
Arunachal pradesh
B
Manipur
C
Nagaland
D
Sikkim
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Tuluni Festival of Nagaland is commended around the second seven day stretch of the long stretch of July.The most noteworthy celebration celebrated by the Sumi Naga clan of Nagaland is the Tuluni Festival. This celebration is commended to cheer the most bounteous and productive period of the year in Nagaland. The Sumi clan in Nagaland praises the Tuluni Festival with magnificence and greatness.
Amid the Tuluni Festival there are petitions and contributions that are given to Litsaba, who is the god of productivity who gives life and insurance to the crops. During the Tuluni Festival in Nagaland , a flagon is made with the leaf of plantain, to serve the rice lager. Tuluni is the name of this wine is devoured by the Sumi clan. "anni' is another name for 'Tuluni' which means the period of plenteous harvests.
Question 3

Among the various electrical safety device in the options, the one based on the heating effect of electric current is the:

A
protective relay
B
circuit breaker
C
fuse
D
surge protectors
Question 3 Explanation: 
A fuse is an electrical safety device that operates to provide overcurrent protection of an electrical circuit. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows through it, thereby interrupting the current. It is a sacrificial device; once a fuse has operated it is an open circuit, and it must be replaced or rewired, depending on type.
Question 4

Article 45 of the constitution of india provides provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of:

A
6 years
B
9 years
C
12 years
D
10 years
Question 4 Explanation: 
Article 45 shall stand Substituted by Constitution (Eighty Sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, s. 3 (which is yet not in force, date to be notified later on) as --
"45 . Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years -- The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years."
Question 5

Article 26 of the constitution of india deals with:

A
validation of certain acts and regulations
B
equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
C
freedom to manage religious affairs
D
prohibition of trafficking in human beings
Question 5 Explanation: 
Freedom to manage religious affairs Subject to public order, morality and health, every religious denomination or any section thereof shall have the right
(a) to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes
(b) to manage its own affairs in matters of religion
(c) to own and acquire movable and immovable property
(d) to administer such property in accordance with law
Question 6

Which team won the ICC world twenty20 2016(Men's) tournament?

A
England
B
West Indies
C
South africa
D
Australia
Question 6 Explanation: 
England and the West Indies were both contesting the tournament final for a second time, having won one previous tournament each (in 2010 and 2012, respectively). West Indian captain Darren Sammy won the toss and elected to bowl, as he had done throughout the tournament. England posted a total of 155/9 from their 20 overs, with Joe Root top-scoring with 54 runs from 36 balls. For the West Indies, Carlos Brathwaite took 3/23 and Samuel Badree took 2/16, including a maiden. The West Indies subsequently reached their target with just two balls to spare. They required 19 runs from the final over, bowled by Ben Stokes, which Brathwaite reached by hitting four consecutive sixes. Marlon Samuels scored 85 not out from 66 balls – the highest score in World T20 final history – and was named the final Man of the Match for the second time. The match was played to a near-capacity crowd, with 66,000 people in attendance.
1. West Indies won the toss and elected to field.
2. Marlon Samuels (WI) made the highest score in a World T20 final.
3. West Indies became the first team to win both the men's and women's World Twenty20s on the same day, with the women defeating Australia by 8 wickets.
Question 7

The asian development bank(ADB) has approved a USD 346 million loan for road improvements in which of the following states?

A
Telangana
B
Maharashtra
C
Karnataka
D
Gujarat
Question 7 Explanation: 
India on Thursday signed a $346 million loan agreement with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to finance improvement of over 400 km of state highways that will enhance connectivity and access to economic centres across 12 districts in Karnataka.
This would be in addition to an ongoing road improvement project financed by the ADB with a loan of $315 million which involves upgradation of about 615 km of state roads.
The loan agreement for the Karnataka State Highways Improvement III Project (KSHIP-III) was signed between Sameer Kumar Khare, Joint Secretary in the Finance Ministry and Kenichi Yokoyama, Country Director of ADB’s India Resident Mission.
Kenichi Yokoyama said the new loan will continue ADB support to the Karnataka government's statewide road improvement programme, and will also help improve road safety.
Question 8

In which country was the ninth edition of the mountain echoes literature festival held in august 2018?

A
Sri lanka
B
India
C
China
D
Bhutan
Question 8 Explanation: 
Bhutan Mountain Echoes Literary Festival definitely holds an important position among all Bhutan festivals. 2018 ninth edition of the literary festival, and the organiser has already announced the names of guests who are coming in to the festival. The festival is set to be held from August 23 to 25, 2018.
Question 9

______ can produce a virtual image larger than the object

A
Concave lens
B
Concave mirror
C
Convex mirror
D
Plane mirror
Question 9 Explanation: 
A converging lens (one that is thicker in the middle than at the edges) or a concave mirror is also capable of producing a virtual image if the object is within the focal length. Such an image will be magnified. In contrast, an object placed in front of a converging lens or concave mirror at a position beyond the focal length produces a real image. Such an image may be magnified or reduced depending on the position of the object.
Question 10

From the given options, select the word that can be formed using the letters from the given word

ALTERNATE

A
TAVERN
B
LANTERN
C
TALENT
D
TANNER
Question 10 Explanation: 
→ TAVERN: Here, V is not present in ALTERNATE.
→ LANTERN: Here, N appears 2 times but actual given word having only one ‘N’ letter.
→ TALENT: It is completely formed in given word ALTERNATE.
→ TANNER: Here, N appears 2 times but actual given word having only one ‘N’ letter.
Question 11

Select the option that is different from the other three options

A
Resentful
B
Serene
C
Desolate
D
Sad
Question 11 Explanation: 
→ Serene synonyms are calm, peaceful and untroubled.
→ Resentful, Desolate and Sad are same category.
Question 12

Select the options that is related to the third term in the same way as the second term is related to the first term

CEGI:XVTR::FHJL:?

A
OQSU
B
USPO
C
VSQO
D
USQO
Question 12 Explanation: 
Question 13

Select the option that is different from the other three options

A
117
B
78
C
60
D
52
Question 13 Explanation: 
Here, 117 and 78 difference is 13*3
78 and 52 difference is 13*2
52 and 39 difference is 13*1
So, 60 is the odd one because difference is 13.
Actual difference is 39, 52, 78, 117.
Question 14

'Restaurant' is related to 'chef; in the same way as 'garage' is related to:

A
car
B
vehicle
C
mechanic
D
accountant
Question 14 Explanation: 
→ Restaurant is related to chef
→ Garage is related to mechanic
Question 15

Choose the correct options that will complete the given number series:

2, 2, 3, 8, 35, ?, 1421

A
204
B
40
C
408
D
70
Question 15 Explanation: 
The pattern in the serial is *1 – 1, *2 –2, *3 –3, *4 –4, *5 –5 i.e.,
3 (1st term) * 1 - 1 = 2 (2nd term)
2 (2nd term) * 2 - 2 = 2 (3rd term)
2 (3rd term) * 3 - 3 = 3 (4th term) and so on…
Going by this pattern the next number in the series will be 35 * 6 – 6 = 204
Question 16

Ruby met Nisha at a party. Nisha introduced herself as the eldest daughter of the brother-in-law of Ruby's friends mother?How is Ruby's friend related to Nisha?

A
Niece
B
Friend
C
Cousin
D
Daughter
Question 16 Explanation: 
→ Nisha introduced herself as the eldest daughter of the brother-in-law of Ruby's friends mother is nothing but cousin.
Question 17

Five children are standing in a single file line in ascending order of their heights. Q is second in line. P and R are taller than O. N is taller than P but shorter than R. P is the middle of the line. Who is at end of the line?

A
P
B
O
C
R
D
Q
Question 17 Explanation: 
Here, Q is already mentioned 2 position in a line.
P is middle means 3rd position.
N is taller than P means but shorter than R means 4th position.
O is shorter than P and R means 1st position.
R is end of the line.
O, Q, P, N, R
Question 18

If the seventh day of the month is four days after friday, what day will it be on the thirty first day of the month?

A
Tuesday
B
Wednesday
C
Friday
D
Monday
Question 18 Explanation: 
7th day of the month is four days after friday is Tuesday.
14th day- Tuesday
21st day- Tuesday
28th day-Tuesday
29th-wednesday
30th-thursday
31st- friday
Question 19
 
A
14
B
7
C
15
D
13
Question 20

Abhi bought an article and sold it at a loss of 10%. If he had bought it for 20% less and sold it for Rs.121 more, he would have had a profit of 40%. If he decides to sell it for Rs.506, what will he percentage gain/loss be?

A
Loss 8%
B
Gain 8%
C
Loss 5.50%
D
Gain 5.5%
Question 21

A shopkeeper sold an article for Rs.494 after giving a discount of 18% on its marked proce. had he NOT given the discount, he would have earned a profit of 25% on the cost price. What is the cost price(in Rs) of the article?

A
Rs.484
B
Rs.480
C
Rs.410
D
Rs.450
Question 22

In folding the HCF of two numbers by the division method, the quotients are 1 and 6 respectively. If the HCF of the two numbers in 300, then their LCM will be:

A
12600
B
6300
C
8400
D
2100
Question 23

Of three numbers, the first is 7 times the second and is also 4 times the third. If the average of the three numbers is 299/7 , what is the sum of the first and the third number?

A
736/7
B
253/7
C
115
D
110
Question 24
   
A
20
B
1/2
C
2
D
1/20
Question 25

A vessel contains a solution of A and B in the ratio 5:7. If 4 1/2L of the solution is replaced by the sme quality of A, then their ratio becomes 9:7. How much(in liters) of liquid B was there in the bucket initially?

A
15
B
21
C
7 1/2
D
10 1/2
Question 26

There are eleven numbers whose average is 64. The first number is 4 more than second but 10 less than the third. The average of the numbers from the fourth to the seventh is 62.5, and the average of the remaining numbers is 65.5. What is the average of the second and the third number?

A
65.5
B
64
C
65
D
64.5
Question 27

A bag contains coins of Rs.1, 50 paise and 25 paise in the ratio 4:3:8. If the total amount in the bag is Rs.240, then the number of 50 paise coins is:

A
96
B
128
C
256
D
192
Question 28

Select the most appropriate antonym of the given word

AUDACITY
A
boldness
B
courage
C
timidity
D
nerve
Question 29

Select the wrongly spelt word

A
improbable
B
impudent
C
impression
D
impropreity
Question 30

Select the option which is NOT an antonym of another word by way of adding the prefix 'in-'.

A
indomitable
B
individualism
C
incompetent
D
incoherent
Question 31

Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

Divyanshu didn't like to work at a corporate. He wants to start____ own business.

A
our
B
their
C
his
D
my
Question 32

Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

____ their clothes were proper, they didn't look smart.

A
Whether
B
Despite
C
Although
D
Because
Question 33

In the following sentence, four words or phrases have been underlined. one of them is incorrect. Choose the incorrect word or phrase from the given options.

Most of the projects is struggling to make progress due to various like land acquisition, forest clearance or release of funds from the government.

A
release of funds
B
to make progress
C
due to
D
is struggling
Question 34

Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word

STEALTHY
A
direct
B
daring
C
unrestricted
D
sly
Question 35

Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

Usually she has milk, but today she____hot herbal tea because she has a sore throat.

A
had taken
B
was taking
C
takes
D
is taking
Question 36

Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

This ward is meant for critically____children.

A
injury
B
injured
C
injurious
D
injuring
There are 36 questions to complete.