UGC NET Dec-2020 and June-2021 Paper-1

Question 1
Study the given table carefully and answer the questions that follow The following table has semester fees for four different courses in 5 different years

Which course has the highest percentage fee increase from 2019 to 2020?
A
BCA
B
MCA
C
MPhil
D
MTech
Question 1 Explanation: 
BCA fee increase from 2019 to 2020 => 400
MCA fee increase from 2019 to 2020=> 1100
MPhill fee increase from 2019 to 2020=>500
MTech fee increase from 2019 to 2020=> 800
Out of all courses , MCA fee increase is the highest.
% increase = Increase ÷ Original Number × 100
BCA course % increase=400/27600*100=0.0023
MCA course % increase=1100/57500*100=1.913
MPHIL course % increase=500/33400*100=1.49
MTech course % increase=800/62900*100=1.271
So , MCA course has highest percentage fee increase from 2019 to 2020
Question 2
Study the given table carefully and answer the questions that follow The following table has semester fees for four different courses in 5 different years

Find out the difference between total semester fees (for all courses) of 2018 and 2019.
A
3100
B
3150
C
3250
D
3270
Question 2 Explanation: 
Total fee of all courses in 2018=27200+54200+62500+32600=176500
Total fee of all courses in 2019=27600+55700+62900+33400=179600
Difference is 179600-176500=3100
Question 3
Study the given table carefully and answer the questions that follow The following table has semester fees for four different courses in 5 different years

What is the difference between the average semester fees of BCA and average semester fees of MCA during 2016-2020?
A
27200
B
27365
C
27400
D
27580
Question 3 Explanation: 
the average semester fees of BCA is 25000+26500+27200+27600+28000/5=26860
the average semester fees of MCA is 52000+53500+54200+55700+56800/5=54440
Difference is 54440-26860=27580
Question 4
Study the given table carefully and answer the questions that follow The following table has semester fees for four different courses in 5 different years

Which course has the lowest percentage fee increase from 2017-2018?
A
BCA
B
MCA
C
MPhil
D
MTech
Question 4 Explanation: 
BCA course fee increase from 2017-2018 is 700
MCA course fee increase from 2017-2018 is 700
MTech course fee increase from 2017-2018is 1100
MPhil course fee increase from 2017-2018 is 600
% increase = Increase ÷ Original Number × 100
BCA course % increase=700/26500*100=2.641
MCA course % increase=700/53500*100=1.308
MPHIL course % increase=600/32000*100=1.875
MTech course % increase=1100/61400*100=1.791
Lowest % increase is MCA
Question 5
Study the given table carefully and answer the questions that follow The following table has semester fees for four different courses in 5 different years

Find out the average of difference of fees of MCA and MTech for 2016-2020.
A
7600
B
7650
C
7700
D
7500
Question 5 Explanation: 
Difference of MCA and MTEch in 2016=60200-52000=8200
Difference of MCA and MTEch in 2017 is 61400-53500=7900
Difference of MCA and MTEch in 2018 is 62500-54200=8300
Difference of MCA and MTEch in 2019 is 62900-55700=7200
Difference of MCA and MTEch in 2020 is 63700-56800=6900
Average is 8200+7900+8300+7200+6900/5 =7700
Question 6
Article 48A of the Indian Constitution directs the states to ensure protection and improvement of
A
Businesses
B
Education
C
Environment
D
Mineral resources
Question 6 Explanation: 
ARTICLE: 48A.
Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life The State shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.
Question 7
NSQF will be aligned with International Standard Classification of Occupations maintained by
A
ILO
B
Ministry of Skill Development
C
NQFVE
D
UNESCO
Question 7 Explanation: 
NSQF will be aligned with International Standard Classification of Occupations maintained by
International Labor Organization(ILO)
Question 8
The ages of Swati and Manisha are in the ratio of 5:6 and the sum of their ages is 55 years. What will be the ratio of their ages after 5 years?
A
5:6
B
6:5
C
6:7
D
7:6
Question 8 Explanation: 
The ration is 5:6
Let swati age is 5x and manisha age is 6x
From the given data 5x+6x=55 => 11x=55 and x value is 5
After 5 years Swathi age is 5x+5=31
After manish age is 6x+5=35
Ration→ 6:7
Question 9
Which of the following statement(s) do NOT hold true with respect to the Vocational Education as per NPE-2020?
A. Voc degrees introduced in 2013 will be discontinued
B. Lok Vidya courses will replace existing vocational courses
C. Focus areas for vocational education will be chosen on skills gap analysis without mapping local opportunities
D. National Committee for integration of Vocational Education will be constituted
E. Vocational education will be integrated into all schools and higher education institutions in a phased manner over the next decade
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A, B and C only
B
A, C and D only
C
B, C and D only
D
C, D and E only
Question 10
Which of the following are the stages of meta analysis?
A. Understand the literature
B. Conduct new studies to fill the gap
C. Develop inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study
D. Locating primary studies
E. Identify secondary data
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A, B and D only
B
A, C and D only
C
B, C and D only
D
B, D and E only
Question 11
SARTHAQ is
A
A Government of India initiative to provide psychological support for students and teachers for mental health and emotional well being
B
A training programme for teachers launched by the Government of India
C
An organization for supporting the differently abled children
D
Implementation plan for NEP-2020
Question 12
Which one of the following is a type of malware embedded in a program on a computer that will set off a malicious function when certain conditions are met?
A
Logic bomb
B
Spyware
C
Trojan
D
Worm
Question 13
Given below are two statements
Statement I: The MAC address identifies which device is connected at a given IP address
Statement II: MAC addresses are unique to each device
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
C
Statement I is false but Statement II is true
D
Statement I is true but Statement II is false
Question 13 Explanation: 
TRUE: Statement I: The MAC address identifies which device is connected at a given IP address
TRUE: Statement II: MAC addresses are unique to each device
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below.
Question 14
Match List I with List II

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A - I, B - II, C - III, D - IV
B
A - II, B - III, C - IV, D - I
C
A - III, B - IV, C - I, D - II
D
A - IV, B - I, C - II, D - III
Question 15
A - IV, B - I, C - II, D - III
A. Deductive arguments are either valid or invalid
B. There must be a necessary relation between the premises and the conclusion
C. Adding new premises improves the validity
D. False premises may lead to a true conclusion
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A, B and D only
B
A, B and C only
C
A, C and D only
D
B, C and D only
Question 16
Match List I with List II

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A - II, B - I, C - III, D - IV
B
A - III, B - I, C - IV, D - II
C
A - III, B - IV, C - I, D - II
D
A - IV, B - II, C - I, D - III
Question 17
Given below are two statements, one is labeled as Assertion A and the other is labeled as Reason R
Assertion A: Teachers should accept students as they are and with whatever cognitive level they have.
Reason R: Moralizing, being judgemental, exposing ignorance are barriers to successful communication.
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below
A
A is false but R is true
B
A is true but R is false
C
Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
D
Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
Question 18
Since no tragic actors are idiots and some comedians are not idiots, so some comedians are not tragic actors.
A
Existential Fallacy
B
Fallacy of Exclusive Premises
C
Fallacy of the Illicit Process of Major Term
D
Fallacy of the Illicit Process of Minor Term
Question 19
The National Repository of Open Educational Resources is managed by
A
Central Institute of Educational Technology, NCERT
B
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
C
Indira Gandhi National Open University
D
University Grants Commission
Question 20
What is a blog?
A
Internet
B
Online journal
C
Personal website in the form of a journal
D
Search engine
Question 21
The air pollutant NOx is a combination of
A
Nitrogen dioxide and Nitric oxide
B
Nitrogen pentoxide and Nitrogen dioxide
C
Nitrous oxide and Nitric oxide
D
Nitrous oxide and Nitrogen dioxide
Question 22
The web portal of Swayam Prabha is maintained by
A
Doordarshan
B
Google India office
C
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
D
INFLIBNET center
Question 23
Given below are two statements
Statement I: The ability to form and use symbols (words, gestures, signs, images, and so on) are accomplished in the preoperational period.
Statement II: According to Piaget, preoperational children do not have a tendency to be egocentric.
In light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are correct
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are incorrect
C
Statement I is correct but Statement II is incorrect
D
Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is correct
Question 24
"No one has been able to prove the existence of extrasensory perception. We must therefore conclude that extrasensory perception is a myth". Which of the following fallacies is committed in this argument?
A
Appeal to ignorance
B
Appeal to unqualified authority
C
Red herring
D
Straw man
Question 25
If a researcher has to test a hypothesis whether the difference between the means of two groups are significant, s/he will use:
A
Chi-square test
B
Correlation coefficient
C
Sign-test
D
Student's t-test
Question 26
Given below are two statements
Statement I: Parametric statistics are more powerful than nonparametric statistics
Statement II: Parametric statistics are assumption free statistics
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
C
Statement I is false but Statement II is true
D
Statement I is true but Statement II is false
Question 27
A general code of conduct circulated among the employees of an institution is an example of:
A
Downward communication
B
Horizontal communication
C
Lateral communication
D
Upward communication
Question 28
Given below are two statements
Statement I: The National Knowledge Commission recommended opening 500 universities to enable India to attain a Gross Enrolment Ratio of at least 20 % by 2015
Statement II: The need to establish an Independent Regulatory Authority for Higher Education (IRAHE) was recommended by the National Knowledge Commission
In light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are correct
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are incorrect
C
Statement I is correct but Statement II is incorrect
D
Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is correct
Question 29
Given below are two statements
Statement I: A vehicle's speed of 30.6 km/hr is the same as 5.8 m/s.
Statement II: The speed of a bus is 72 km/hr. The distance covered by the bus in 10 seconds is 100 meter.
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
C
Statement I is false but Statement II is true
D
Statement I is true but Statement II is false
Question 30
SWAYAM platform was developed by
A. MHRD (now Ministry of Education), Government of India
B. Google
C. Microsoft
D. IIT, Delhi
E. Adobe Inc.
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A and B only
B
A and C only
C
B and D only
D
D and E only
Question 31
Given below are two statements
Statement I: Exploratory studies mainly aim at developing hypotheses or questions for further research.
Statement II: The goal of formal study is to test the hypotheses or answer the questions posed.
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
C
Statement I is false but Statement II is true
D
Statement I is true but Statement II is false
Question 32
Given below are two statements, one is labeled as Assertion A and the other is labeled as Reason R
Assertion A: Schistosomiasis is a polluted water borne disease
Reason R: Schistosomiasis is mainly caused due to the presence of sulfate in water
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below
A
A is false but R is true
B
A is true but R is false
C
Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
D
Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
Question 33
Match List I with List II

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A - I, B - IV, C - III, D - II
B
A - II, B - III, C - IV, D - I
C
A - III, B - IV, C - I, D - II
D
A - IV, B - III, C - II, D - I
Question 34
Which one of the following Millenium Development Goals is about ensuring Environmental Sustainability?
A
Goal-1
B
Goal-3
C
Goal-5
D
Goal-7
Question 35
Which one of the following fractions is the largest?
A
11/16
B
31/40
C
5/8
D
67/80
Question 35 Explanation: 
11/16 is 0.6875
31/40 is 0.775
⅝ is 0.625
67/80 is 0.8375
Largest value is 0.8375
Question 36
Keeping quiet because of fear of punishment in communication is an _________ barrier.
A
Incentive
B
Individual
C
Institutional
D
Interactional
Question 37
Find the next two terms in the series.
A, D, H, M, ___, __
A
Q, X
B
R, Y
C
S, Z
D
T, A
Question 37 Explanation: 
The sequence is increasing +2,+3,+4, +5 and +6 so on
Next term of M after 5 values is S
Next term of S after 6 values is Z
Question 38
Which among the following methods is commonly used in anthropological research?
A
Case study method
B
Ethnographic method
C
Life history method
D
Survey method
Question 39
Given below are two statements
Statement I: According to Nyāya, universals are eternal entities which are distinct from, but inhere in many individuals
Statement II: The universal is the basis of the notion of sameness that we have with regard to all the individuals of a certain class
In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
C
Statement I is false but Statement II is true
D
Statement I is true but Statement II is false
Question 40
The average of ten numbers is 11. If each number is multiplied by 7, then the average of the new set of numbers is:
A
110
B
70
C
76
D
77
Question 40 Explanation: 
Average of ten numbers is 11
Sum of ten numbers=11*10=110
Sum of new set of numbers is 7*(sum of ten cumbers) is 7*110 =770
New set average is 770/10=77
Question 41
In communication, entropy refers to
A
Defensive speech
B
Oratory
C
Predictable message
D
Unpredictable message
Question 42
Which of the following states has maximum wind power potential in India as per MVRE's latest report?
A
Gujarat
B
Karnataka
C
Rajasthan
D
Tamil Nadu
Question 43
Which one of the following statements is true with reference to Sāmānyatodṛsṭā inference?
A
The middle term is related to the major term as an effect
B
The middle term is related to the major term both as a cause and an effect
C
The middle term is related to the major term neither as a cause nor as an effect
D
The middle term is related to the major term as a cause
Question 44
Following are some statements regarding most of the web browsers. Choose the correct statements.
A. They have a home page
B. They do not have the ability to store users' favorite pages
C. They have hyperlinks to allow users to navigate
D. They do not keep a history of websites visited by the users
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
A and B only
B
A and C only
C
A and D only
D
B and D only
Question 45
Which memory is used as part of the processor?
A
Hard disk
B
RAM
C
Registers
D
ROM
Question 46
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follows
Assessment is central to almost all forms of education around the world, and in recent years, a wider variety of assessments has tended to be used. One such form of this change is the use of peer and self-assessment. Self-assessment can be defined as "the ability to critically assess one's own work" (Brew, 1999) and peer assessment as "making judgments about, or commenting upon, each other's work". As with all assessment methods, both have their own strengths and weaknesses. It can be argued that peer and self-assessment with careful initiation and moderation are effective methods of assessment. However, this brief note will argue that in the high stakes environments of most educational settings, these methods are inappropriate, as the making is unreliable.
Peer and self-assessment have become increasingly common as methods of assessment. particularly in further and higher education. They are used as methods to reduce the marking loads of teachers and it is claimed, to enhance group work and the critical thinking skills of students. It is also claimed that if marking criteria are discussed and agreed at the start, students' marking does not differ significantly from teachers. In studies where the assessment of different teachers is compared, and also in studies where teachers and peer's and or self-assessments are compared, it has generally been found that, provided criteria are discussed and agreed in advance, marks tend to be similar. Thus, it could be argued that with the right initial training, There is no difference between work being marked by a teacher or a student.
Which one of the following captures the meaning of "Assessment is central to almost all forms of education"
A
Assessment education is key to education in all forms
B
Assessment is education in all forms
C
Assessment is peripheral to education in all forms
D
Assessment is pivotal to education in all forms
Question 47
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follows
Assessment is central to almost all forms of education around the world, and in recent years, a wider variety of assessments has tended to be used. One such form of this change is the use of peer and self-assessment. Self-assessment can be defined as "the ability to critically assess one's own work" (Brew, 1999) and peer assessment as "making judgments about, or commenting upon, each other's work". As with all assessment methods, both have their own strengths and weaknesses. It can be argued that peer and self-assessment with careful initiation and moderation are effective methods of assessment. However, this brief note will argue that in the high stakes environments of most educational settings, these methods are inappropriate, as the making is unreliable.
Peer and self-assessment have become increasingly common as methods of assessment. particularly in further and higher education. They are used as methods to reduce the marking loads of teachers and it is claimed, to enhance group work and the critical thinking skills of students. It is also claimed that if marking criteria are discussed and agreed at the start, students' marking does not differ significantly from teachers. In studies where the assessment of different teachers is compared, and also in studies where teachers and peer's and or self-assessments are compared, it has generally been found that, provided criteria are discussed and agreed in advance, marks tend to be similar. Thus, it could be argued that with the right initial training, There is no difference between work being marked by a teacher or a student.
"Students' marking does not differ significantly from teachers", means:
A
Marks do not differ peripherally
B
Marks may or may not differ
C
Marks that are almost similar
D
Marks that differ radically from teachers
Question 48
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follows
Assessment is central to almost all forms of education around the world, and in recent years, a wider variety of assessments has tended to be used. One such form of this change is the use of peer and self-assessment. Self-assessment can be defined as "the ability to critically assess one's own work" (Brew, 1999) and peer assessment as "making judgments about, or commenting upon, each other's work". As with all assessment methods, both have their own strengths and weaknesses. It can be argued that peer and self-assessment with careful initiation and moderation are effective methods of assessment. However, this brief note will argue that in the high stakes environments of most educational settings, these methods are inappropriate, as the making is unreliable.
Peer and self-assessment have become increasingly common as methods of assessment. particularly in further and higher education. They are used as methods to reduce the marking loads of teachers and it is claimed, to enhance group work and the critical thinking skills of students. It is also claimed that if marking criteria are discussed and agreed at the start, students' marking does not differ significantly from teachers. In studies where the assessment of different teachers is compared, and also in studies where teachers and peer's and or self-assessments are compared, it has generally been found that, provided criteria are discussed and agreed in advance, marks tend to be similar. Thus, it could be argued that with the right initial training,There is no difference between work being marked by a teacher or a student.
What is the focus of this text?
A
Assessment and Education
B
Assessment in general
C
Peer and Self-assessment
D
Peer assessment
Question 49
Assessment is central to almost all forms of education around the world, and in recent years, a wider variety of assessments has tended to be used. One such form of this change is the use of peer and self-assessment. Self-assessment can be defined as "the ability to critically assess one's own work" (Brew, 1999) and peer assessment as "making judgments about, or commenting upon, each other's work". As with all assessment methods, both have their own strengths and weaknesses. It can be argued that peer and self-assessment with careful initiation and moderation are effective methods of assessment. However, this brief note will argue that in the high stakes environments of most educational settings, these methods are inappropriate, as the making is unreliable.
Peer and self-assessment have become increasingly common as methods of assessment. particularly in further and higher education. They are used as methods to reduce the marking loads of teachers and it is claimed, to enhance group work and the critical thinking skills of students. It is also claimed that if marking criteria are discussed and agreed at the start, students' marking does not differ significantly from teachers. In studies where the assessment of different teachers is compared, and also in studies where teachers and peer's and or self-assessments are compared, it has generally been found that, provided criteria are discussed and agreed in advance, marks tend to be similar. Thus, it could be argued that with the right initial training, There is no difference between work being marked by a teacher or a student.
What benefits accrue from self-assessment and peer-assessment of students?
A
Ability to criticize others work
B
Enhancement of group work and critical thinking of students
C
Promotes uniform assessment
D
These methods do not require marking
Question 50
Assessment is central to almost all forms of education around the world, and in recent years, a wider variety of assessments has tended to be used. One such form of this change is the use of peer and self-assessment. Self-assessment can be defined as "the ability to critically assess one's own work" (Brew, 1999) and peer assessment as "making judgments about, or commenting upon, each other's work". As with all assessment methods, both have their own strengths and weaknesses. It can be argued that peer and self-assessment with careful initiation and moderation are effective methods of assessment. However, this brief note will argue that in the high stakes environments of most educational settings, these methods are inappropriate, as the making is unreliable.
Peer and self-assessment have become increasingly common as methods of assessment. particularly in further and higher education. They are used as methods to reduce the marking loads of teachers and it is claimed, to enhance group work and the critical thinking skills of students. It is also claimed that if marking criteria are discussed and agreed at the start, students' marking does not differ significantly from teachers. In studies where the assessment of different teachers is compared, and also in studies where teachers and peer's and or self-assessments are compared, it has generally been found that, provided criteria are discussed and agreed in advance, marks tend to be similar. Thus, it could be argued that with the right initial training, There is no difference between work being marked by a teacher or a student.
What argument the author desires to make?
A
Assessment is central to education
B
Peer and self-assessments are inappropriate in high-stake examinations
C
Peer assessment is common in higher education
D
Self-assessment and peer-assessment are innovative assessment practices
There are 50 questions to complete.