Research Aptitude

Question 1
The research that aims at immediate application is
A
Action Research
B
Empirical Research
C
Conceptual Research
D
Fundamental Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 2
When two or more successive footnotes refer to the same work which one of the following expressions is used ?
A
ibid
B
et.al
C
op.cit :
D
loc.cit.
       Research Aptitude       Bibliography-Information-APA-Format       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 3
Conferences are meant for
A
Multiple target groups
B
Group discussions
C
Show-casing new Research
D
All the above
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 4
Ex Post Facto research means
A
The research is carried out after the incident
B
The research is carried out prior to the incident
C
The research is carried out along with the happening of an incident.
D
The research is carried out keeping in mind the possibilities of an incident.
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 5
Research ethics do not include
A
Honesty
B
Subjectivity
C
Integrity
D
Objectivity
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 6
A research paper
A
is a compilation of information on a topic.
B
contains original research as deemed by the author.
C
contains peer-reviewed original research or evaluation of research conducted by others.
D
can be published in more than one journal.
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 7
Which one of the following belongs to the category of good ‘research ethics’?
A
Publishing the same paper in two research journals without telling the editors.
B
Conducting a review of the literature that acknowledges the contributions of other people in the relevant field or relevant prior work.
C
Trimming outliers from a data set without discussing your reasons in a research paper.
D
Including a colleague as an author on a research paper in return for a favor even though the colleague did not make a serious contribution to the paper.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 8
Which of the following sampling methods is not based on probability?
A
Simple Random Sampling
B
Stratified Sampling
C
Quota Sampling
D
Cluster Sampling
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 9
Which one of the following references is written as per Modern Language Association (MLA) format?
A
Hall, Donald. Fundamentals of Electronics, New Delhi : Prentice Hall of India, 2005
B
Hall, Donald. Fundamentals of Electronics, New Delhi : Prentice Hall of India, 2005
C
Hall, Donald. Fundamentals of Electronics, New Delhi : Prentice Hall of India, 2005
D
Hall, Donald. Fundamentals of Electronics, New Delhi : Prentice Hall of India, 2005
       Research Aptitude       Bibliography-Information-MLA-Format       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 10
A workshop is
A
a conference for discussion on a topic.
B
a meeting for discussion on a topic
C
a class at a college or a university in which a teacher and the students discuss a topic.
D
a brief intensive course for a small group emphasizing the development of a skill or technique for solving a specific problem.
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 11
A working hypothesis is
A
a proven hypothesis for an argument.
B
not required to be tested.
C
a provisionally accepted hypothesis for further research.
D
a scientific theory.
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2013 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 12
The core elements of dissertation are
A
Introduction; Data Collection; Data Analysis; Conclusions and Recommendations
B
Executive Summary; Literature review; Data gathered; Conclusions; Bibliography
C
Research Plan; Research Data; Analysis; References
D
Introduction; Literature Review; Research Methodology; Results; Discussion and Conclusion
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 13
What is a Research Design?
A
A way of conducting research that is not grounded in theory.
B
The choice between using qualitative or quantitative methods.
C
The style in which you present your research findings e.g. a graph.
D
A framework for every stage of the collection and analysis of data.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 14
“Sampling Cases” means
A
Sampling using a sampling frame
B
Identifying people who are suitable for research
C
Literally the researcher’s brief case
D
Sampling of people, newspapers, television programmes etc.
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 15
The frequency distribution of a research data which is symmetrical in shape similar to a normal distribution but center peak is much higher, is
A
Skewed
B
Mesokurtic
C
Leptokurtic
D
Platykurtic
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 16
When planning to do a social research, it is better to
A
Approach the topic with an open mind
B
Do a pilot study before getting stuck into it
C
Be familiar with literature on the topic
D
Forget about theory because this is a very practical
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 17
When academicians are called to deliver lecture or presentations to an audience on certain topics or a set of topics of educational nature, it is called
A
Training Program
B
Seminar
C
Workshop
D
Symposium
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 18
The population information is called parameter while the corresponding sample information is known as
A
Universe
B
Inference
C
Sampling design
D
Statistics
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 19
The sequential operations in scientific research are
A
Co-vaiation, Elimination of Spurious Relations, Generalisation, Theorisation
B
Generalisation, Co-variation, Theorisation, Elimination of Spurious Relations
C
Theorisation, Generalisation, Elimination of Spurious Relations, Co-variation
D
Elimination of Spurious Relations, Theorisation, Generalisation, Co-variation.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 20
In sampling, the lottery method is used for
A
Interpretation
B
Theorisation
C
Conceptualisation
D
Randomisation
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 21
Which is the main objective of research?
A
To review the literature
B
To summarize what is already known
C
To get an academic degree
D
To discover new facts or to make fresh interpretation of known facts
       Research Aptitude       Objective-of-Research       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 22
Sampling error decreases with the
A
decrease in sample size
B
increase in sample size
C
process of randomization
D
process of analysis
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 23
The Principles of fundamental research are used in
A
action research
B
applied research
C
philosophical research
D
historical research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 24
Which one of the following is not a type of experimental method ?
A
Single group experiment
B
Residual group experiment
C
Parallel group experiment
D
Rational group experiment
       Research Aptitude       Research-Method       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 25
Which one of the following is not a non-parametric test ?
A
t-test
B
Sign test
C
Chi-square test
D
Run test
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 26
Read the following statements – one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : Qualitative research in India has a long way to go to reach international standards.
Reason (R) : Because the funding agencies do not support qualitative research in academic institutions.
Find the correct answer from the codes given below :
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false.
D
Both (A) and (R) are false.
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 27
Identify the correct sequence of research steps :
A
Selection of topic, review of literature, data collection, interpretation of findings
B
Review of literature, selection of topic, data collection, interpretation of findings
C
Selection of topic, data collection, review of literature, interpretation of findings
D
Selection of topic, review of literature, interpretation of findings, data collection
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 28
Deconstruction is a popular method of research in
A
Basic Science
B
Applied Science
C
Social Science
D
Literature
       Research Aptitude       Research-Method       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 29
With which one of the following techniques communality is associated ?
A
Univariate analysis
B
Factor analysis
C
Case studies
D
SWOT analysis
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 30
The variable which impacts the relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable is known as
A
antecedent variable
B
precedent variable
C
predictor variable
D
control variable
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Variables       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 31
Which one of the following is a nonprobability sampling method ?
A
Simple Random Sampling
B
Stratified Sampling
C
Cluster Sampling
D
Quota Sampling
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2013 September UGC NET Paper 1
Question 32
Who among the following propounded the concept of paradigm?
A
Peter Haggett
B
Von Thunen
C
Thomas Kuhn
D
John K. Wright
       Research Aptitude       Research-Paradigm       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 33
In a thesis, figures and tables are included in
A
The appendix
B
A separate chapter
C
The concluding chapter
D
The text itself
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 34
A thesis statement is
A
an observation
B
a fact
C
an assertion
D
a discussion
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 35
The research approach of Max Weber to understand how people create meanings in natural settings is identified as
A
positive paradigm
B
critical paradigm
C
natural paradigm
D
interpretative paradigm
       Research Aptitude       Research-Paradigm       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 36
Which one of the following is a non probability sampling?
A
Simple Random
B
Purposive
C
Systematic
D
Stratified
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 37
The research stream of immediate application is
A
Conceptual research
B
Action research
C
Fundamental research
D
Empirical research
       Research Aptitude       Research Aptitude       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 38
In a Ph.D. thesis which one is the correct sequence for showing scheme of Chapterisation?
A
Survey of related studies, Introduction, Design of the study, Data-Analysis and interpretation, Conclusions and generalisations, suggested further study, References, Appendix
B
Introduction, Design of study, Data Analysis and Interpretation, Generalizations, Conclusions and Survey of related studies and suggestions for further research, References and Appendix
C
Introduction, Survey of related studies, Design of study, Data-presentation; analysis & Interpretation, Formulation of generalization & Conclusions, Suggestions for further research, References & Appendix
D
Survey of related studies, References, Introduction, Design of study, Data analysis and interpretation, Conclusions and generalizations, Suggestions for further research, Appendix
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 39
Which of the following is not the critical feature of qualitative research?
A
Actual settings are the direct source of data.
B
Data take the forms of words or pictures.
C
Seeking to establish relationships among measured social facts.
D
Researcher becomes immersed in the situation, present or past related to the phenomena.
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 40
A detailed description of methodology of research is required in
A
Thesis/Dissertation
B
Symposium/Workshop
C
Seminar paper/Articles
D
Conference and Seminar Papers
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 41
Research ethics has a direct connection more often with which stages of research?
A
Defining and delimiting the scope of research.
B
Problem formulation and reporting of research findings.
C
Defining the population and deciding the sampling technique for research.
D
Deciding about statistical techniques and data analysis.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 42
There are two sets given below, Set-I consists of methods of research and Set-II indicates their procedural characteristics. Match the two sets and choose your answer from the codes given below:
A
i iii iv v vii
B
iii iv v vi vii
C
i ii iii iv v
D
iii vi v ii i
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 43
The conclusions/findings of which type of research cannot be generalized to other situations?
A
Causal Comparative Research
B
Historical Research
C
Descriptive Research
D
Experimental Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 44
A good thesis writing should involve:
(a) Reduction of punctuation and grammatical errors to a minimum.
(b) Careful checking of references.
(c) Consistency in the way the thesis is written.
(d) A clear and well written abstract.
A
(b), (c) and (d)
B
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
C
(a), (b) and (c)
D
(a), (b) and (d)
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 45
Which of the following statements regarding the meaning of research are correct?
(a) Research refers to a series of systematic activity or activities undertaken to find out the solution of a problem.
(b) It is a systematic, logical and an unbiased process wherein verification of hypothesis, data analysis, interpretation and formation of principles can be done.
(c) It is an intellectual enquiry or quest towards truth.
(d) It leads to enhancement of knowledge.
A
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
B
(a), (b) and (c)
C
(b), (c) and (d)
D
(a), (c) and (d)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 46
Jean Piaget gave a theory of cognitive development of humans on the basis of his:
A
Evaluation Research
B
Fundamental Research
C
Applied Research
D
Action Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 47
"Male and female students perform equally well in a numerical aptitude test." This statement indicates a:
A
Statistical hypothesis
B
Research hypothesis
C
Null hypothesis
D
Directional hypothesis
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2015 June NTA UGC Paper 1
Question 48
In qualitative research paradigm, which of the following features may be considered critical?
A
Data collection with standardized research tools.
B
Sampling design with probability sample techniques.
C
Data collection with bottom-up empirical evidences.
D
Data gathering to take with top-down systematic evidences.
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 49
From the following list of statement identify the set, which has negative implications for ‘research ethics ’:
i. A researcher critically looks at the findings of another research.
ii. Related studies are cited without proper references.
iii. Research findings are made the basis for policymaking.
iv. Conduct of practitioner is screened in terms of reported research evidences.
v. A research study is replicated with a view to verify the evidences from other researches.
vi. Both policy making and policy implementing processes are regulated in terms of preliminary studies.
A
i, ii and iii
B
ii, iii and iv
C
ii, iv and vi
D
i, iii and v
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 50
In a research on the effect of child-rearing practices on stress –proneness of children in competing school projects, the hypothesis formulated is that ‘child rearing practices do influence stress- proneness’. At the data-analysis stage a null hypothesis is advanced to find out the tenability of research hypothesis. On the basis of the evidence available, the null hypothesis is rejected at 0.01 level of significance. What decision may be warranted in respect of the research hypothesis?
A
The research hypothesis will also be rejected.
B
The research hypothesis will be accepted.
C
Both the research hypothesis and the null hypothesis will be rejected.
D
No decision can be taken in respect of the research hypothesis.
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 51
A research intends to explore the effect of possible factors for the organization of effective mid-day meal interventions. Which research method will be most appropriate for this study?
A
Historical method
B
Descriptive survey method
C
Experimental method
D
Ex-post facto method
       Research Aptitude       Research-Method       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 51 Explanation: 
The given study is most suitable for the Ex-post facto method.
Question 52
Which of the following is an initial mandatory requirement for pursuing research?
A
Developing a research design
B
Formulating a research question
C
Deciding about the data analysis procedure
D
Formulating a research hypothesis
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 53
The format of thesis writing is the same as in
A
Preparation of a research paper/article
B
Writing of seminar presentation
C
A research dissertation
D
Presenting a workshop/conference paper
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 54
Which of the following statements is not true in the context of participatory research?
A
It recognizes knowledge as power.
B
It emphasises on people as experts.
C
It is a collective process of enquiry.
D
Its sole purpose is production of knowledge.
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 55
Which of the following statements is true in the context of the testing of a hypothesis?
A
It is only the alternative hypothesis that can be tested.
B
It is only the null hypothesis that can be tested.
C
Both, the alternative and the null hypotheses can be tested.
D
Both, the alternative and the null hypotheses cannot be tested.
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 56
Which of the following are the basic rules of APA style of referencing format?
(a) Italicize titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays
(b) Invert authors’ names (last name first)
(c) Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals
(d) Alphabetically index reference list
A
(a) and (b)
B
(b), (c) and (d)
C
(c) and (d)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Research Aptitude       Bibliography-Information-APA-Format       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 57
Which of the following are the characteristics of a seminar?
(a) It is a form of academic instruction.
(b) It involves questioning, discussion and debates.
(c) It involves large groups of individuals.
(d) It needs involvement of skilled persons.
A
(b) and (c)
B
(b) and (d)
C
(b), (c) and (d)
D
(a), (b) and (d)
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 58
A researcher is interested in studying the prospects of a particular political party in an urban area. What tool should he prefer for the study?
A
Rating scale
B
Interview
C
Questionnaire
D
Schedule
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Scales       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 59
Ethical norms in research do not involve guidelines for:
A
Thesis format
B
Copyright
C
Patenting policy
D
Data sharing policies
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 60
In doing action research what is the usual sequence of steps?
A
Reflect, observe, plan, act
B
Plan, act, observe, reflect
C
Plan, reflect, observe, act
D
Act, observe, plan, reflect
       Research Aptitude       Nature-of-Research-Strategy       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 61
Which sequence of research steps is logical in the list given below?
A
Problem formulation, Analysis, Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Collection of data, Arriving at generalizations and conclusions.
B
Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Problem formulation, Data analysis, Arriving at conclusions and data collection.
C
Problem formulation, Hypothesis making, Development of a Research design, Collection of data, Data analysis and formulation of generalizations and conclusions.
D
Problem formulation, Deciding about the sample and data collection tools, Formulation of hypothesis, Collection and interpretation of research evidence.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 62
Below are given two sets — research methods (Set-I) and data collection tools (Set-II).
Match the two sets and indicate your answer by selecting the correct code:
A
ii i iii iv
B
iii iv ii i
C
ii iii i iv
D
ii iv iii i
       Research Aptitude       Research-Method       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 63
The issue of 'research ethics' may be considered pertinent at which stage of research?
A
At the stage of problem formulation and its definition
B
At the stage of defining the population of research
C
At the stage of data collection and interpretation
D
At the stage of reporting the findings.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 64
In which of the following, reporting format is formally prescribed?
A
Doctoral level thesis
B
Conference of researchers
C
Workshops and seminars
D
Symposia
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 65
The principal of a school conducts an interview session of teachers and students with a view to explore the possibility of their enhanced participation in school programmes. This endeavour may be related to which type of research?
A
Evaluation Research
B
Fundamental Research
C
Action Research
D
Applied Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 66
Identify the correct order of the following components which are interrelated in research.
(i) Observation
(ii) Hypothesis making
(iii) Developing concepts
(iv) Deducing the consequences of theories
(v) Methods employed to obtain them
A
(v), (iv), (iii), (ii) and (i)
B
(i), (iii), (ii), (iv) and (v)
C
(ii), (iii), (i), (iv) and (v)
D
(iv), (v), (iii), (ii) and (i)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 67
In the list given below, identify those statements which correctly describe the meaning and characteristics of research.
(i) Research is a method of improving our common sense.
(ii) Deductive and inductive methods get integrated in a research process.
(iii) Research is creativity and charisma.
(iv) Research is the use of scientific method to provide answers to meaningful questions.
(v) Method of consulting and using experience is called research.
(vi) The answers provided by research can be empirically verified.
A
(ii), (iv) and (vi)
B
(i), (ii) and (iii)
C
(iv), (v) and (vi)
D
(i), (iii) and (v)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 68
In the two lists given below, List I provides the types of research methods, while List II indicates the critical features associated with them. Match the two lists and choose the correct answer from the code given below.
A
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
B
(ii) (iii) (iv) (v)
C
(i) (iii) (ii) (v)
D
(iv) (v) (ii) (i)
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 69
Which of the following provides more latitude to the researcher for creative expression ?
A
Thesis writing
B
Writing of a research article
C
Presentation of a conference paper
D
Preparing a research synopsis
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2018 July 22 NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 70
In finalizing a thesis writing format which of the following would form part of supplementary pages?
A
Table of contents
B
Conclusions of the study
C
Bibliography and Appendices
D
List of tables and figures
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 71
Which of the following research types focuses on ameliorating the prevailing situations?
A
Applied Research
B
Action Research
C
Experimental Research
D
Fundamental Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 72
A researcher attempts to evaluate the effect of method of feeding on anxiety – proneness children. Which method of research would be appropriate for this?
A
Experimental method
B
Ex-post-facto method
C
Survey method
D
Case study method
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 73
Which of the following is susceptible to the issue of research ethics?
A
Faulty research design
B
Choice of sampling technique
C
Reporting of research findings
D
Inaccurate application of statistical techniques
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 74
In which of the following arrangements a wider spectrum of ideas and issues may be made possible?
A
Workshop mode
B
Conference
C
Symposium
D
Research Article
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2017 November NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 75
One of the following is not a quality of researcher :
A
Unison with that of which he is in search
B
He must be of alert mind
C
Keenness in enquiry
D
His assertion to outstrip the evidence
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 76
A satisfactory statistical quantitative method should not possess one of the following qualities :
A
Appropriateness
B
Measurability
C
Comparability
D
Flexibility
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 77
Books and records are the primary sources of data in :
A
historical research
B
participatory research
C
clinical research
D
laboratory research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 78
Which of the following statement is correct ?
A
objectives should be pin-pointed
B
objectives can be written in statement or question form
C
another word for problem is variable
D
all the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 79
The important pre-requisites of a researcher in sciences, social sciences and humanities are :
A
laboratory skills, records, supervisor, topic
B
Supervisor, topic, critical analysis, patience
C
archives, supervisor, topic, flexibility in thinking
D
topic, supervisor, good temperament, pre-conceived notions
       Research Aptitude       Characteristices-of-Researcher       2005 Dec UGC NET Paper-1
Question 80
Research problem is selected from the stand point of:
A
Researcher's interest
B
Financial support
C
Social relevance
D
Availability of relevant literature
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 81
Which one is called non-probability sampling?
A
Cluster sampling
B
Quota sampling
C
Systematic sampling
D
Stratified random sampling
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 82
Formulation of hypothesis may NOT be required in:
A
Survey method
B
Historical studies
C
Experimental studies
D
Normative studies
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 83
Field-work based research is classified as:
A
Empirical
B
Historical
C
Experimental
D
Biographical
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 84
Which of the following sampling method is appropriate to study the prevalence of AIDS amongst male and female in India in 1976, 1986, 1996 and 2006?
A
Cluster sampling
B
Systematic sampling
C
Quota sampling
D
Stratified random sampling
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 85
Which one of the following principles is not applicable to sampling?
A
Sample units must be clearly defined
B
Sample units must be dependent on each other
C
Same units of sample should be used throughout the study
D
Sample units must be chosen in a systematic and objective manner
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2008 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 86
A null hypothesis is
A
when there is no difference between the variables
B
the same as research hypothesis
C
subjective in nature
D
when there is difference between the variables
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 87
The research which is exploring new facts through the study of the past is called
A
Philosophical research
B
Historical research
C
Mythological research
D
Content analysis
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 88
Action research is
A
An applied research
B
A research carried out to solve immediate problems
C
A longitudinal research
D
Simulative research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 89
The process not needed in Experimental Researches is
A
Observation
B
Manipulation
C
Controlling
D
Content Analysis
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 90
Manipulation is always a part of
A
Historical research
B
Fundamental research
C
Descriptive research
D
Experimental research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 91
Which correlation co-efficient best explains the relationship between creativity and intelligence?
A
1.00
B
0.6
C
0.5
D
0.3
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Variables       2009 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 92
Research can be conducted by a person who:
A
has studied research methodology
B
holds a postgraduate degree
C
possesses thinking and reasoning ability
D
is a hard worker
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 93
Which of the following statements is correct?
A
Objectives of research are stated in first chapter of the thesis
B
Researcher must possess analytical ability
C
Variability is the source of problem
D
All the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 94
Which of the following is not the Method of Research?
A
Observation
B
Historical
C
Survey
D
Philosophical
       Research Aptitude       Research-Method       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 95
Research can be classified as:
A
Basic, Applied and Action Research
B
Quantitative and Qualitative Research
C
Philosophical, Historical, Survey and Experimental Research
D
All the above
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 96
The first step of research is:
A
Selecting a problem
B
Searching a problem
C
Finding a problem
D
Identifying a problem
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2006 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 97
Which of the following options are the main tasks of research in modern society?
(I) to keep pace with the advancement in knowledge.
(II) to discover new things.
(III) to write a critique on the earlier writings.
(IV) to systematically examine and critically analyse the investigations/sources with objectivity.
A
IV, II and I
B
I, II and III
C
I and III
D
II, III and IV
       Research Aptitude       Objective-of-Research       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 98
Match List-I (Interviews) with List-II (Meaning) and select the correct answer from the code given below: Code: (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
A
(iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
B
(ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
C
(v) (ii) (iv) (i)
D
(i) (iii) (v) (iv)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 99
What do you consider as the main aim of inter disciplinary research?
A
To bring out holistic approach to research.
B
To reduce the emphasis of single subject in research domain.
C
To over simplify the problem of research.
D
To create a new trend in research methodology.
       Research Aptitude       Objective-of-Research       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 100
One of the aims of the scientific method in research is to:
A
improve data interpretation
B
eliminate spurious relations
C
confirm triangulation
D
introduce new variables
       Research Aptitude       Objective-of-Research       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 101
The depth of any research can be judged by:
A
title of the research.
B
objectives of the research.
C
total expenditure on the research.
D
duration of the research.
       Research Aptitude       Objective-of-Research       2006 June UGC NET Paper-1
Question 102
Generalised conclusion on the basis of a sample is technically known as:
A
Data analysis and interpretation
B
Parameter inference
C
Statistical inference
D
All of the above
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 103
The experimental study is based on:
A
The manipulation of variables
B
Conceptual parameters
C
Replication of research
D
Survey of literature
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 104
The main characteristic of scientific research is:
A
empirical
B
theoretical
C
experimental
D
all of the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 105
Authenticity of a research finding is its:
A
Originality
B
Validity
C
Objectivity
D
All of the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 106
Which technique is generally followed when the population is finite?
A
Area Sampling Technique
B
Purposive Sampling Technique
C
Systematic Sampling Technique
D
None of the above
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 107
Probability sampling implies:
A
Stratified Random Sampling
B
Systematic Random Sampling
C
Simple Random Sampling
D
All of the above
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2007 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 108
To test null hypothesis, a researcher uses:
A
t test
B
ANOVA
C
X2
D
factorial analysis
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 109
A research problem is feasible only when:
A
it has utility and relevance
B
it is researchable
C
it is new and adds something to knowledge
D
all the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 110
Bibliography given in a research report:
A
shows vast knowledge of the researcher
B
helps those interested in further research
C
has no relevance to research
D
all the above
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 111
Fundamental research reflects the ability to:
A
Synthesize new ideals
B
Expound new principles
C
Evaluate the existing material concerning research
D
Study the existing literature regarding various topics
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 112
The study in which the investigators attempt to trace an effect is known as:
A
Survey Research
B
'Ex-post Facto' Research
C
Historical Research
D
Summative Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2007 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 113
The research is always -
A
verifying the old knowledge
B
exploring new knowledge
C
filling the gap between knowledge
D
all of these
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 114
The research that applies the laws at the time of field study to draw more and more clear ideas about the problem is:
A
Applied research
B
Action research
C
Experimental research
D
None of these
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 115
When a research problem is related to heterogeneous population, the most suitable sampling method is:
A
Cluster Sampling
B
Stratified Sampling
C
Convenient Sampling
D
Lottery Method
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 116
The process not needed in experimental research is:
A
Observation
B
Manipulation and replication
C
Controlling
D
Reference collection
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 117
A research problem is not feasible only when:
A
it is researchable
B
it is new and adds something to knowledge
C
it consists of independent and dependent variables
D
it has utility and relevance
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2008 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 118
How can the objectivity of the research be enhanced?
A
Through its impartiality
B
Through its reliability
C
Through its validity
D
All of these
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 119
Action-research is:
A
An applied research
B
A research carried out to solve immediate problems
C
A longitudinal research
D
All the above
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 120
The basis on which assumptions are formulated:
A
Cultural background of the country
B
Universities
C
Specific characteristics of the castes
D
All of these
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 121
Which of the following is classified in the category of the developmental research?
A
Philosophical research
B
Action research
C
Descriptive research
D
All the above
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 122
We use Factorial Analysis:
A
To know the relationship between two variables
B
To test the Hypothesis
C
To know the difference between two variables
D
To know the difference among the many variables
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2009 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 123
Which of the following variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms?
A
Socio-economic Status
B
Marital Status
C
Numerical Aptitude
D
Professional Attitude
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 124
A doctor studies the relative effectiveness of two drugs of dengue fever. His research would be classified as
A
Descriptive Survey
B
Experimental Research
C
Case Study
D
Ethnography
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 125
The term ‘phenomenology’ is associated with the process of
A
Qualitative Research
B
Analysis of Variance
C
Correlational Study
D
Probability Sampling
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 126
Which of the following phrases is not relevant to describe the meaning of research as a process?
A
Systematic Activity
B
Objective Observation
C
Trial and Error
D
Problem Solving
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 127
Which of the following is not an example of a continuous variable?
A
Family size
B
Intelligence
C
Height
D
Height
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Variables       2010 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 128
Action research means
A
A longitudinal research
B
An applied research
C
A research initiated to solve an immediate problem
D
A research with socioeconomic objective
       Research Aptitude       Research Aptitude       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 129
Research is
A
Searching again and again
B
Finding solution to any problem
C
Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem
D
None of the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 130
A common test in research demands much priority on
A
Reliability
B
Useability
C
Objectivity
D
All of the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 131
Which of the following is the first step in starting the research process?
A
Searching sources of information to locate problem.
B
Survey of related literature
C
Identification of problem
D
Searching for solutions to the problem
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 132
If  a  researcher  conducts  a  research on finding  out  which  administrative style contributes  more  to institutional effectiveness ? This will be an example of
A
Basic Research
B
Action Research
C
Applied Research
D
None of the above
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 133
Normal Probability Curve should be
A
Positively skewed
B
Negatively skewed
C
Leptokurtic skewed
D
Zero skewed
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Variables       2010 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 134
A hypothesis is a
A
law
B
canon
C
postulate
D
supposition
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 135
Suppose you want to investigate the working efficiency of nationalised bank in India, which one of the following would you follow?
A
Area Sampling
B
Multi-stage Sampling
C
Sequential Sampling
D
Quota Sampling
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 136
Controlled group condition is applied in
A
Survey Research
B
Historical Research
C
Experimental Research
D
Descriptive Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 137
Workshops are meant for
A
giving lectures
B
multiple target groups
C
showcase new theories
D
hands on training/experience
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 138
Which one of the following is a research tool?
A
Graph
B
Illustration
C
Questionnaire
D
Diagram
       Research Aptitude       Research-Tool       2011 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 139
A research paper is a brief report of research work based on
A
Primary Data only
B
Secondary Data only
C
Both Primary and Secondary Data
D
None of the above
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 140
Newton gave three basic laws of motion. This research is categorized as
A
Descriptive Research
B
Sample Survey
C
Fundamental Research
D
Applied Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 141
A group of experts in a specific area of knowledge assembled at a place and prepared a syllabus for a new course. The process may be termed as
A
Seminar
B
Workshop
C
Conference
D
Symposium
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 142
In the process of conducting research “Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by
A
Statement of Objectives
B
Analysis of Data
C
Selection of Research Tools
D
Collection of Data
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 143
Which one of the following does not come under the methods of data classification ?
A
Qualitative
B
Normative
C
Spatial
D
Quantitative
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 144
Which one of the following is not a source of data ?
A
Administrative records
B
Population census
C
GIS
D
Sample survey
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 145
The essential qualities of a researcher are
A
spirit of free enquiry
B
reliance on observation and evidence
C
systematization or theorizing of knowledge
D
all the above
       Research Aptitude       Characteristices-of-Researcher       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 146
Research is conducted to
I. Generate new knowledge
II.Not to develop a theory
III.Obtain research degree
IV.Reinterpret existing knowledge
Which of the above are correct ?
A
I, III & II
B
III, II & IV
C
II, I & III
D
I, III & IV
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       2011 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 147
Which one of the following is an indication of the quality of a research journal?
A
Impact factor
B
h-index
C
g-index
D
i10-index
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 148
Good ‘research ethics’ means
A
Not disclosing the holdings of shares/stocks in a company that sponsors your research.
B
Assigning a particular research problem to one Ph.D./research student only.
C
Discussing with your colleagues confidential data from a research paper that you are reviewing for an academic journal.
D
Submitting the same research manuscript for publishing in more than one journal.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 149
Which of the following sampling methods is based on probability?
A
Convenience sampling
B
Quota sampling
C
Judgement sampling
D
Stratified sampling
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 150
Which one of the following references is written according to American Psychological Association (APA) format?
A
Sharma, V. (2010). Fundamentals of Computer Science. New Delhi : Tata McGraw Hill
B
Sharma, V. 2010. Fundamentals of Computer Science. New Delhi : Tata McGraw Hill
C
Sharma.V. 2010. Fundamentals of Computer Science, New Delhi : Tata McGraw Hill
D
Sharma, V. (2010), Fundamentals of Computer Science, New Delhi : Tata McGraw Hill
       Research Aptitude       Bibliography-Information-APA-Format       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 151
Arrange the following steps of research in correct sequence :
  1. Identification of research problem
  2. Listing of research objectives
  3. Collection of data
  4. Methodology
  5. Data analysis
  6. Results and discussion
A
1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 6
B
1 – 2 – 4 – 3 – 5 – 6
C
2 – 1 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 6
D
2 – 1 – 4 – 3 – 5 – 6
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 152
Identify the incorrect statement:
A
A hypothesis is made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigations.
B
A hypothesis is a basis for reasoning without any assumption of its truth.
C
Hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
D
Scientific hypothesis is a scientific theory.
       Research Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing       2012 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 153
A college wants to give training in use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to researchers. For this the college should organise :
A
Conference
B
Seminar
C
Workshop
D
Lecture
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 154
Which of the following is NOT the characteristic of a research ?
A
Research is systematic
B
Research is not a process
C
Research is problem oriented
D
Research is not passive
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 155
Which of the following statement is correct ?
A
Discoveries are researches
B
Researches lead to discovery
C
Invention and Research are related
D
None of the above
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 156
Which of the following statement is correct ?
A
In research, objectives can be worded in question form
B
In research, objectives can be worded in statement form
C
Objectives are to be stated in Chapter I of the Thesis
D
All the above
       Research Aptitude       Objective-of-Research       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 157
Match List A with List B and choose the correct answer from the code given below :

 
A
(a)-(i), (b)-(iii), (c)-(ii), (d)-(v)
B
(a)-(i), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iv), (d)-(v)
C
(a)-(i), (b)-(iv), (c)-(ii), (d)-(v)
D
(a)-(i), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(iv)
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       UGC NET Dec 2004 paper-1
Question 158
There are two sets given below. Set - I specifies the types of research, while Set - II indicates their characteristics. Match the two and give your answer by selecting the appropriate code.

A
(a)-(ii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(iii), (d)-(i)
B
(a)-(v), (b)-(iv), (c)-(iii), (d)-(ii)
C
(a)-(i), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(iv)
D
(a)-(ii), (b)-(iii), (c)-(iv), (d)-(v)
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 158 Explanation: 
Fundamental Research : Fundamental research can takes place in two different ways :
I. Discovery of new theory
II. Development of the existing theory
Applied research​ : ​ Fundamental​ ​ research sets principles and applied research utilizes those principles to know the problems with best possible manner.
Action research :In Action research an immediate action takes place to get a workable solution to a given problem. It tries to improve an existing situation through use of interventions.
Evaluative Research : Evaluative Research is used to evaluate the performance of the actions that have been already implemented.
Question 159
Which of the sets of activities best indicate the cyclic nature of action research strategy ?
A
Reflect, Observe, Plan, Act
B
Observe, Act, Reflect, Plan
C
Act, Plan, Observe, Reflect
D
Plan, Act, Observe, Reflect
       Research Aptitude       Nature-of-Research-Strategy       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 159 Explanation: 
Action research strategy is carried out in the following order :
Plan : ​ Plan to improve what is already happening. It involves forward looking.
Planning recognize real constraints of the situation.
Act :​ The Act of implementing the Plan.
Guided but not controlled by plan.
Struggle towards improvement.
Observe :​ to observe the effects of action in the context in which it occurs
Reflect : ​ To reflect on these effects as a basis for further planning, subsequent action and so on, through a succession of cycles
Question 160
Which of the following sequences of research steps is nearer to scientific method ?
A
Suggested solution of the problem, Deducing the consequences of the solution, Perceiving the problem situation, Location of the difficulty and testing the solutions.
B
Perceiving the problem situation, Locating the actual problem and its definition, Hypothesizing, Deducing the consequences of the suggested solution and Testing the hypothesis in action.
C
Defining a problem, Identifying the causes of the problem, Defining a population, Drawing a sample, Collecting data and Analysing results.
D
Identifying the causal factors, Defining the problem, Developing a hypothesis, Selecting a sample, Collecting data and arriving at generalizations and Conclusions.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 160 Explanation: 
Following is the sequences of research steps:
I. Formulating the research problem
II. Extensive literature Survey
III. Developing the Hypothesis
IV. Preparing the research Design
V. Determining Sample Design
VI. Collecting the data
VII. Execution of project
VIII. Analysis of data
IX. Hypothesis testing
X. Generalisation and interpretation
XI. Preparation of the report for presentation of results.
Question 161
​The problem of ‘research ethics’ is concerned with which aspect of research activities ?
A
Following the prescribed format of a thesis
B
Data analysis through qualitative or quantitative techniques
C
Defining the population of research
D
Evidence based research reporting
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 161 Explanation: 
Research Ethics’ is concerned with the following aspect of research activities :
I. Evidence based research reporting
Question 162
In which of the following activities, potential for nurturing creative and critical thinking is relatively greater ?
A
Preparing research summary
B
Presenting a seminar paper
C
Participation in research conference
D
Participation in a workshop
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       UGC-NET CS 2018 JUNE Paper-1
Question 162 Explanation: 
Participation in research conference is relatively greater among all. Because it needs to prove something and unique.
Question 163
When a reviewer review a research article without knowing the author’s name, it is referred to as :
A
Blind review
B
Anonymous review
C
Behind-the-curtain review
D
Uncategorised review
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 163 Explanation: 
Blind review : In blind review the identity of the reviewer is anonymous.
Anonymous review : A review given by a reviewer without knowing the author name is referred as Anonymous review.
Question 164
The characteristics of scientific method of research are:
a) Empiricism
b) Objective
c) Systematic
d) Secretive
e) Security related
f) Predictive
A
(a), (b), (c) and (f)
B
(d), (e), (f) and (a)
C
(a), (b), (d) and (e)
D
(c), (d), (e) and (f)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 164 Explanation: 
Characteristics of scientific method of research
1. Empiricism
2. Objective
3. Systematic
4. Predictive
Question 165
In a research setting participants may act differently because they think they are getting special attention. The reaction of treatment group to the special attention rather than the treatment itself is called as:
A
Jung effect
B
Marlov effect
C
Hawthorne effect
D
Attention deficit
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Variables       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 166
The kind of number which do not represent amounts but instead represent kind( different qualities, types or categories) are called as:
A
Absolute
B
Ordinal
C
Prime
D
Nominal
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Scales       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 167
Poster session in research conferences provide better opportunities for:
A
Interpersonal interaction
B
Focus group discussion
C
Formal speeches
D
Display of common interest
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium       UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1
Question 168
Bibliography given in a research report
A
helps those interested in further research
B
Shows the vast knowledge of the researcher
C
maks the report authentic
D
Is an optional part of the report
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 169
Through which research method, the manipulation of an independent variable and its effect on the dependent variable is examined with reference to a hypothesis under controlled conditions?
A
Ex-post facto research
B
Descriptive research
C
Case study research
D
Experimental research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 170
Which of the following is a plagiarism checking website?
A
http://go.turnitin.com
B
http://www.researchgate.com
C
http://www.editorial.elsevier.com
D
http://www.grammarly.com
E
Option 1 and 4
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 170 Explanation: 
Turnitin is a commercial, Internet-based plagiarism detection service which checks submitted documents against its database and the content of other websites with the aim of identifying plagiarism.
Question 171
The research design is specially related to which of the following features in research?
(i) Sample selection
(ii) Formulation of a plan
(iii) Deciding about the tool for data collection
(iv) Hypothesis making
(v) Choice of a field of inquiry
Select your answer from the options given below
A
(ii), (iii) and (iv)
B
(i), (ii) and (iii)
C
(ii), (iv) and (v)
D
(iii), (iv) and (v)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 172
In which of the following research studies interpretation and meaning get more attention than formulation of generalisations?
(i). Historical of studies
(ii). Survey studies
(iii). Philosophical studies
(iv). Ethnographic studies
(v). hypothetico-deductive studies
(vi). Ex-post facto studies
Choose your answer from the options given below
A
(i), (ii) and (iii)
B
(iv), (v) and (vi)
C
(ii), (iv) and (v)
D
(i), (iii) and (iv)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Studies       UGC-NET June CS 2019 Paper 1
Question 173

A university teacher plans to improve the study habits of students in his/her class. Which type of research paradigm will be helpful in this regard?

A
Evaluative research paradigm
B
Fundamental research paradigm
C
Applied research paradigm
D
Action research paradigm
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research       UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1
Question 174

A research scholar while submitting his/her thesis, did not acknowledge in the preface the help and support of the respondents of the questionnaires used. This will be called an instance of

A
Technical lapse
B
Wilful negligence
C
Unethical act
D
Lack of respect
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics       UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1
Question 175

In which of the following formats ‘Chapter Scheme’ of the document has to be formally approved by a research degree committee in the university?

A
Thesis/dissertation
B
Seminar papers
C
Research articles
D
Research monographs
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis       UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1
Question 176

Which of the following sampling procedures will be appropriate for conducting researches with empirico inductive research paradigm?

A
Simple random sampling procedure
B
Systematic sampling procedure
C
Strarified sampling procedure
D
Any of the non probability sampling procedures
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques       UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1
There are 176 questions to complete.
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