## Validity-of-Arguments

 Question 1
Which one of the following is not an argument ?
 A Devadutt does not eat in the day so he must be eating at night. B If Devadutt is growing fat and if he does not eat during the day, he will be eating at night. C Devadutt eats in the night so he does not eat during the day. D Since Devadutt does not eat in the day, he must be eating in the night.
Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments       2012 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 1 Explanation:
Argument: An exchange of diverging (or) opposite views.
→ Option B is not an argument.
 Question 2
When in a group of propositions, one proposition is claimed to follow from the others, that group of propositions is called
 A An argument B A valid argument C An explanation D An invalid argument
Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments       2014 December UGC NET Paper 1
Question 2 Explanation:
Argument:- Set of reasons given in support of an idea, theory (or) action.
 Question 3
Given below are two premises. Four conclusions are drawn from those two premises in four codes. Select the code that states the conclusion validly drawn.
Premises:
(i) All saints are religious. (major)
(ii) Some honest persons are saints. (minor)
 A All saints are honest B Some saints are honest. C Some honest persons are religious. D All religious persons are honest
Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments       2013 December UGC NET Paper 1
 Question 4
Given below are two premises and four conclusions drawn from those premises. Select the code that expresses conclusion drawn validly from the premises (separately or jointly).
Premises:
(a) All dogs are mammals.
(b) No cats are dogs.
Conclusions:
(i) No cats are mammals
(ii) Some cats are mammals.
(iii) No Dogs are cats
(iv) No dogs are non-mammals.
 A (i) only B (i) and (ii) C (iii) and (iv) D (ii) and (iii)
Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments       2014 June UGC NET Paper 1
Question 4 Explanation:
 Question 5
Given below are two premises, with four conclusions drawn from them (taking singly or together); which conclusions are validly drawn? Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
Premises:
(i) All bats are mammals.
(ii) Birds are not bats.
Conclusions:
(a) Birds are not mammals.
(b) Bats are not birds.
(c) All mammals are bats.
(d) Some mammals are bats.
 A (a), (b) and (d) B (b) and (d) C (a) and (c) D (b), (c) and (d)
Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments       2016 August NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 5 Explanation:
 Question 6
Given below two premise and four conclusions are drawn from them (taking singly or together). Select the code that states the conclusion validly drawn.
Premises: (i) All religious persons are emotional.
(ii) Ram is a religious person.
Conclusion: (a) Ram is emotional.
(b) All emotional persons are religious.
(c) Ram is not a non-religious person.
(d) Some religious persons are not emotional.
 A (a), (b), (c) and (d) B (a) only C (a) and (c) only D (b) and (c) only
Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments       2016 July NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 6 Explanation:
 Question 7
A Cluster of propositions with a structure that exhibits some inference is called
 A An inference B An argument C An explanation D A valid argument
Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments       2015 December NTA UGC NET Paper 1
Question 7 Explanation:
Argument:- Set of reasons given in support of an idea, action (or) theory.
There are 7 questions to complete.

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