KVS DEC2013
October 12, 2023GATE 2021 CSSet2
October 12, 2023DatabaseManagementSystem
Question 181 
Let R (A, B, C, D) be a relational schema with the following functional dependencies:
A → B, B → C, C → D and D → B.
The decomposition of R into
(A, B), (B, C), (B, D)
gives a lossless join, and is dependency preserving  
gives a lossless join, but is not dependency preserving  
does not give a lossless join, but is dependency preserving  
does not give a lossless join and is not dependency preserving

Question 181 Explanation:
(A, B) (B, C) – common attribute is (B) and due to B→C, B is a key for (B, C) and hence ABC can be losslessly decomposed into (A, B)and (B, C).
(A, B, C) (B, D) – common attributes is B and B→D is a FD (via B→C, C→D), and hence, B is a key for (B, D). So, decomposition of (A, B, C, D) into (A, B, C) (B, D) is lossless.
Thus the given decomposition is lossless.
The given decomposition is also dependency preserving as the dependencies A→B is present in (A, B), B→C is present in (B, C), D→B is present in (B, D) and C→D is indirectly present via C→B in (B, C) and B→D in (B, D).
(A, B, C) (B, D) – common attributes is B and B→D is a FD (via B→C, C→D), and hence, B is a key for (B, D). So, decomposition of (A, B, C, D) into (A, B, C) (B, D) is lossless.
Thus the given decomposition is lossless.
The given decomposition is also dependency preserving as the dependencies A→B is present in (A, B), B→C is present in (B, C), D→B is present in (B, D) and C→D is indirectly present via C→B in (B, C) and B→D in (B, D).
Correct Answer: A
Question 181 Explanation:
(A, B) (B, C) – common attribute is (B) and due to B→C, B is a key for (B, C) and hence ABC can be losslessly decomposed into (A, B)and (B, C).
(A, B, C) (B, D) – common attributes is B and B→D is a FD (via B→C, C→D), and hence, B is a key for (B, D). So, decomposition of (A, B, C, D) into (A, B, C) (B, D) is lossless.
Thus the given decomposition is lossless.
The given decomposition is also dependency preserving as the dependencies A→B is present in (A, B), B→C is present in (B, C), D→B is present in (B, D) and C→D is indirectly present via C→B in (B, C) and B→D in (B, D).
(A, B, C) (B, D) – common attributes is B and B→D is a FD (via B→C, C→D), and hence, B is a key for (B, D). So, decomposition of (A, B, C, D) into (A, B, C) (B, D) is lossless.
Thus the given decomposition is lossless.
The given decomposition is also dependency preserving as the dependencies A→B is present in (A, B), B→C is present in (B, C), D→B is present in (B, D) and C→D is indirectly present via C→B in (B, C) and B→D in (B, D).
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