UGC NET CS 2018 DEC Paper-1

Question 1
​Which among the following can best be used as an asynchronous teaching aid
(a) Skype
(b) Blog
(c) Facebook Post
(d) Online Chat
(e) Email
(f) Google Hangout
A
(a), (c) and (f)
B
(c), (e) and (f)
C
(a), (b) and (c)
D
(b), (c) and (e)
       Teaching Aptitude       Teaching-Aids
Question 1 Explanation: 
Asynchronous teaching aid refers to the methods of teaching that uses online learning resources to facilitate information sharing to the students outside the constraints of time and place.
Example : Blog, Facebook post, Email, online discussion boards etc.
Question 2
In a school in which there are large number of failure, you may like to develop test for eliminatiminating those who are likely to have substantial difficulties in meeting the academic goals of teaching. For this you need to develop test which should be able to predict the individual’s ability or readiness to undertake the study of a school subject successfully. What is the name of such task ?
A
Analytical tests
B
Prognostic tests
C
Achievement tests
D
Attitude tests
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 3
In teaching learning context, results of an evaluation are useful to teachers in various ways. Which among the following is most important use for a teacher ?
A
Getting information about student’s study material.
B
Planning instruction and knowing the effectiveness of the teaching strategies used by them.
C
To decide placement of students in other institutions.
D
To identify home influence on students.
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 4
When a reviewer review a research article without knowing the author’s name, it is referred to as :
A
Blind review
B
Anonymous review
C
Behind-the-curtain review
D
Uncategorised review
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium
Question 4 Explanation: 
Blind review : In blind review the identity of the reviewer is anonymous.
Anonymous review : A review given by a reviewer without knowing the author name is referred as Anonymous review.
Question 5
The characteristics of scientific method of research are:
a) Empiricism
b) Objective
c) Systematic
d) Secretive
e) Security related
f) Predictive
A
(a), (b), (c) and (f)
B
(d), (e), (f) and (a)
C
(a), (b), (d) and (e)
D
(c), (d), (e) and (f)
       Research Aptitude       Research-Characteristics
Question 5 Explanation: 
Characteristics of scientific method of research
1. Empiricism
2. Objective
3. Systematic
4. Predictive
Question 6
In a research setting participants may act differently because they think they are getting special attention. The reaction of treatment group to the special attention rather than the treatment itself is called as:
A
Jung effect
B
Marlov effect
C
Hawthorne effect
D
Attention deficit
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Variables
Question 7
​Which among the following describe emotional intelligence as a learner characteristic ?
(a) Recognize their own and other people’s emotions
(b) Expressing their emotions strongly
(c) Use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior
(d) Good observation, scientific thinking and deductive reasoning
(e) Adjusting emotions to adapt to environments
(f) Being creative and open to diverse viewpoints
A
(b), (d) and (e)
B
(a), (d) and (f)
C
(c), (e) and (f)
D
(a), (c) and (e)
       Teaching Aptitude       Learner\'s-Charateristics
Question 8
The kind of number which do not represent amounts but instead represent kind( different qualities, types or categories) are called as:
A
Absolute
B
Ordinal
C
Prime
D
Nominal
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Scales
Question 9
Poster session in research conferences provide better opportunities for:
A
Interpersonal interaction
B
Focus group discussion
C
Formal speeches
D
Display of common interest
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium
Question 10
The goal of formative assessment is to:
A
Promote student to next level
B
Form a group of students on the basis of their learning
C
Compare student learning against a standard or benchmark
D
Monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 10 Explanation: 
Formative Assessment :
Formative assessment is a assessment for learning.
In this kind of assessment, the learner’s motivation is raised by the teacher through a question-answer session
Monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedbacks that can be used by instructor to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning.
Help faculties recognize where students are struggling and address problem immediately.
Question 11
Today, in the digital age, who owns information owns the future. In this digital world, we face a fundamental choice between open and closed. In an open world information is shared by all freely available to everyone. In a closed world information is exclusively owned and controlled by a few. Today, we live in a closed world of extraordinary and growing concentrations in power and wealth. A world where innovation is held back and distorted by the dead hand of monopoly; where essential medicines are affordable only to the rich, where freedom is threatened by manipulation, exclusion and exploitation; and each click you make, every step you take, they will be watching you. By contrast, in an open world all of us would be enriched by the freedom to use, enjoy and build on everything from statistics and research to newspaper stories and books, from software and films to music and medical formulae. In an open world, we would pay innovators and creators more and more fairly, using market driven remuneration rights in place of intellectual property monopoly rights. As they have improved, digital technologies have taken on ever more of the tasks that humans used to do from manufacturing cars to scheduling appointments. And in the next few decades, artificial intelligence may well be not only driving our cars for us but drafting legal contracts and performing surgery. On the face of it, we have much to gain if machines can spare us tedious or routine tasks and perform them with greater accuracy. The danger, though, is that robots run on information-software, data algorithms and at present the ownership of this sort of information is unequal. And because it is protected by our closed system of intellectual property rights.

How will an open world function ?
A
Information is available to everyone.
B
Information is controlled
C
With limited choices
D
Information is exclusive
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 12
Today, in the digital age, who owns information owns the future. In this digital world, we face a fundamental choice between open and closed. In an open world information is shared by all freely available to everyone. In a closed world information is exclusively owned and controlled by a few. Today, we live in a closed world of extraordinary and growing concentrations in power and wealth. A world where innovation is held back and distorted by the dead hand of monopoly; where essential medicines are affordable only to the rich, where freedom is threatened by manipulation, exclusion and exploitation; and each click you make, every step you take, they will be watching you. By contrast, in an open world all of us would be enriched by the freedom to use, enjoy and build on everything from statistics and research to newspaper stories and books, from software and films to music and medical formulae. In an open world, we would pay innovators and creators more and more fairly, using market driven remuneration rights in place of intellectual property monopoly rights. As they have improved, digital technologies have taken on ever more of the tasks that humans used to do from manufacturing cars to scheduling appointments. And in the next few decades, artificial intelligence may well be not only driving our cars for us but drafting legal contracts and performing surgery. On the face of it, we have much to gain if machines can spare us tedious or routine tasks and perform them with greater accuracy. The danger, though, is that robots run on information-software, data algorithms and at present the ownership of this sort of information is unequal. And because it is protected by our closed system of intellectual property rights.

What is the status of intellectual property rights in an open world ?
A
They are monopoly rights
B
Medical formulae are restricted
C
Protected proprietorial rights
D
Replaced by remuneration rights
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 13
Today, in the digital age, who owns information owns the future. In this digital world, we face a fundamental choice between open and closed. In an open world information is shared by all freely available to everyone. In a closed world information is exclusively owned and controlled by a few. Today, we live in a closed world of extraordinary and growing concentrations in power and wealth. A world where innovation is held back and distorted by the dead hand of monopoly; where essential medicines are affordable only to the rich, where freedom is threatened by manipulation, exclusion and exploitation; and each click you make, every step you take, they will be watching you. By contrast, in an open world all of us would be enriched by the freedom to use, enjoy and build on everything from statistics and research to newspaper stories and books, from software and films to music and medical formulae. In an open world, we would pay innovators and creators more and more fairly, using market driven remuneration rights in place of intellectual property monopoly rights. As they have improved, digital technologies have taken on ever more of the tasks that humans used to do from manufacturing cars to scheduling appointments. And in the next few decades, artificial intelligence may well be not only driving our cars for us but drafting legal contracts and performing surgery. On the face of it, we have much to gain if machines can spare us tedious or routine tasks and perform them with greater accuracy. The danger, though, is that robots run on information-software, data algorithms and at present the ownership of this sort of information is unequal. And because it is protected by our closed system of intellectual property rights.

Which of these characteristics of a closed world ?
1. Concentration in power and wealth increases.
2. Innovation is controlled.
3. Only the rich has access to medicines.
4. Freedom is manipulated
5. Information is shared by all.
6. Creativity is recognised.
A
(d), (e), (f) and (a)
B
(c), (d), (e) and (f)
C
(b), (c), (d) and (e)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 14
Today, in the digital age, who owns information owns the future. In this digital world, we face a fundamental choice between open and closed. In an open world information is shared by all freely available to everyone. In a closed world information is exclusively owned and controlled by a few. Today, we live in a closed world of extraordinary and growing concentrations in power and wealth. A world where innovation is held back and distorted by the dead hand of monopoly; where essential medicines are affordable only to the rich, where freedom is threatened by manipulation, exclusion and exploitation; and each click you make, every step you take, they will be watching you. By contrast, in an open world all of us would be enriched by the freedom to use, enjoy and build on everything from statistics and research to newspaper stories and books, from software and films to music and medical formulae. In an open world, we would pay innovators and creators more and more fairly, using market driven remuneration rights in place of intellectual property monopoly rights. As they have improved, digital technologies have taken on ever more of the tasks that humans used to do from manufacturing cars to scheduling appointments. And in the next few decades, artificial intelligence may well be not only driving our cars for us but drafting legal contracts and performing surgery. On the face of it, we have much to gain if machines can spare us tedious or routine tasks and perform them with greater accuracy. The danger, though, is that robots run on information-software, data algorithms and at present the ownership of this sort of information is unequal. And because it is protected by our closed system of intellectual property rights.

What is the impact of digital technology on the present day world ?
A
Humans tasks are performed by machines
B
Mechanical accuracy is distorted.
C
Creativity is sidelined.
D
Tedious tasks see an upward trend.
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 15
Today, in the digital age, who owns information owns the future. In this digital world, we face a fundamental choice between open and closed. In an open world information is shared by all freely available to everyone. In a closed world information is exclusively owned and controlled by a few. Today, we live in a closed world of extraordinary and growing concentrations in power and wealth. A world where innovation is held back and distorted by the dead hand of monopoly; where essential medicines are affordable only to the rich, where freedom is threatened by manipulation, exclusion and exploitation; and each click you make, every step you take, they will be watching you. By contrast, in an open world all of us would be enriched by the freedom to use, enjoy and build on everything from statistics and research to newspaper stories and books, from software and films to music and medical formulae. In an open world, we would pay innovators and creators more and more fairly, using market driven remuneration rights in place of intellectual property monopoly rights. As they have improved, digital technologies have taken on ever more of the tasks that humans used to do from manufacturing cars to scheduling appointments. And in the next few decades, artificial intelligence may well be not only driving our cars for us but drafting legal contracts and performing surgery. On the face of it, we have much to gain if machines can spare us tedious or routine tasks and perform them with greater accuracy. The danger, though, is that robots run on information-software, data algorithms and at present the ownership of this sort of information is unequal. And because it is protected by our closed system of intellectual property rights.

The crux of the passage contains the following statements
(a) Digital technology is dangerous.
(b) Those who own information will own the future
(c) Artificial Intelligence will do the human tasks.
(d) Monopoly of digital technology has led to unequal ownership of information.
(e) Intellectual property rights should be protected in an open world.
A
(d), (e) and (a)
B
(b), (c) and (d)
C
(a), (b) and (c)
D
(c), (d) and (e)
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 16
Modern educational communication is described as :
A
Teleologic
B
Non-distributive
C
Un-approximate
D
Telescopic
       Communication       Nature-of-Communication
Question 17
The reasoning which would be helpful in seeking new knowledge of facts about the world is :
A
Demonstrative
B
Speculative
C
Deductive
D
Inductive
       Logical-Reasoning       Inductive-Reasoning
Question 17 Explanation: 
Inductive learning is particularly suitable in the content of an automated design.
→ Inductive is seeking new knowledge of facts with respect to world.
Question 18
Among the following statements , two are contradictory to each other.
Statements :
(a) All men are humans.
(b) Some men are humans
(c) Some men are not humans
(d) No men are humans
A
(a) and (d)
B
(b) and (c)
C
(a) and (b)
D
(a) and (c)
       Logical-Reasoning       Square-of-opposition
Question 18 Explanation: 

→ a and c are two contradictories. In a discussion if one person said all men are humans and for that another person said some are not humans. But d is an opposite to the statement ‘a’.
Question 19
Which of these words is different from the rest ?
A
Sharp
B
Tail
C
Thin
D
Huge
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Analogy-Test
Question 20
Classroom communication has a basis in :
A
Audience fragmentation
B
Attention diversion
C
Non-informative
D
Cues
E
Intensive listener focus
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 21
In which of the following instances, deductive argument is invalid ?
A
When its premises and conclusion are all false
B
When its premises are true but conclusion is false
C
When its premises are false but conclusion is true
D
When its premises and conclusion all are true
       Logical-Reasoning       Deductive-Reasoning
Question 21 Explanation: 
Deductive learning : If all premises are true and clear then drawn conclusion will also be true.
Question 22
​ If FACE is coded as HCEG, then the code for HIGH will be :
A
JKIJ
B
ZXYZ
C
BEFB
D
KHIK
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Coding-and-Decoding
Question 22 Explanation: 
Question 23
The next term in the letter series DY, JX, OW, SV, VU, ______ is :
A
XS
B
XT
C
WV
D
YT
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Alphabet-Test
Question 23 Explanation: 
Question 24
​ In verbal communication, words act as :
A
Decoratives
B
Symbols
C
Fillers
D
Passive barriers
       Communication       Types-of-Communicatiion
Question 25
The next number in the series 12, 15, 21, 33, 57, ______, is :
A
97
B
107
C
105
D
95
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Series-Test
Question 25 Explanation: 
Here the next difference = 2* previous difference.
So next term = previous term+ next difference.
next term = 57+ 48 = 105
Question 26
Effective classroom communication would help students internalise :
(a) Knowledge
(b) Subject matter
(c) Articulation
(d) Language felicity
(e) Non-responsiveness
(f) Modalities of resistance
A
(a), (d), (e) and (f)
B
(c), (d), (e) and (f)
C
(b), (c), (d) and (e)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 27
The challenging behaviours of students a related to communication are :
(a) Purposive challenges
(b) Critical challenges
(c) Procedural challenges
(d) Evaluation challenges
(e) Practicality challenges
(f) Power challenges
A
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
B
(d), (e), (f) and (a)
C
(c), (d), (e) and (f)
D
(b), (c), (d) and (f)
       Communication       Communication-Barriers
Question 28
Given below are two premises with four conclusions drawn from them (taking singly or together). Which of the following conclusions could be validly drawn from the premises ?
Premises : ​
(i) All cats are animals.
(ii) Birds are not cats.
Conclusions : ​
(a) Birds are not animals
(b) Cats are not Birds.
(c) All animals are cats.
(d) Some animals are cats.
A
(b) and (d)
B
(a), (b) and (d)
C
(a) and (c)
D
(b), (c) and (d)
       Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments
Question 28 Explanation: 
Question 29
Ram said to Shyam “That girl playing with the doll, is the younger of the two daughters of my father’s wife” .
How the girl playing with the doll is related to Ram ?
A
Sister-in-law
B
Cousin
C
Aunty
D
Sister
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Blood-Relation-Test
Question 29 Explanation: 
Question 30
Inductive argument proceeds from :
A
Particulars to Universals
B
Universals to Universals
C
Universals to Particulars
D
Particulars to Particulars
       Logical-Reasoning       Inductive-Reasoning
Question 30 Explanation: 
An Inductive argument is an argument in which it is thought that the premises provide reasons supporting the probable truth of the conclusion. In an inductive argument, the premises are intended only to be so strong that, if they are true, then it is unlikely that the conclusion is false.
Option ‘A’ is the correct option.
Question 31
Comprehension:

Study the table given above carefully. It shows the number of students appeared, passed and failed in five subjects. The full marks in each subject is also given. Some of the cells have missing data. You might need to determine some of the missing data to answer the question below.

Which of the following could be the full marks in Mathematics if the pass marks in mathematics was 35% and the person who just passed scored 70 ?
A
400
B
500
C
600
D
200
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 31 Explanation: 
Since the passing marks are given as 70. And it is also mentioned that passing marks are 35% of total marks.
If 200 is total marks then, passing marks = (200)* (35/100) = 70
So, 200 are the full marks in mathematics.
Question 32
Comprehension:

Study the table given above carefully. It shows the number of students appeared, passed and failed in five subjects. The full marks in each subject is also given. Some of the cells have missing data. You might need to determine some of the missing data to answer the question below.

In which subject, was the failure percent the least ?
A
Mathematics
B
English
C
Social Studies
D
Science
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 32 Explanation: 
failure percent in English = (36/600) *100 = 6%
failure percent in Mathematics = (60/300) *100 = 20%
failure percent in Science = (84/300) *100 = 28%
failure percent in Social Science = (48/360) *100 = 13.33%
failure percent in Computer = (32/200) *100 = 16%
Question 33
Comprehension:

Study the table given above carefully. It shows the number of students appeared, passed and failed in five subjects. The full marks in each subject is also given. Some of the cells have missing data. You might need to determine some of the missing data to answer the question below.

What is the difference between the number of failed students in Science and the number of passed in Social Studies ?
A
218
B
228
C
312
D
238
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 33 Explanation: 
difference between the number of failed students in Science and the number of passed in Social Studies = 312-84
=228
Question 34
Comprehension: Study the table given above carefully. It shows the number of students appeared, passed and failed in five subjects. The full marks in each subject is also given. Some of the cells have missing data. You might need to determine some of the missing data to answer the question below. What is the approximate difference in percentage between the pass % in Social Studies and the pass % in Mathematics ?
A
2.5%
B
26.5%
C
6.5%
D
16.5%
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 34 Explanation: 
pass % in Social Studies= (312/360) * 100
= 86.66%
the pass % in Mathematics= ( 240/300) * 100
difference in percentage between the pass % in Social Studies and the pass % in Mathematics
= 86.66% - 80%
=6.66%
Question 35
Comprehension: Study the table given above carefully. It shows the number of students appeared, passed and failed in five subjects. The full marks in each subject is also given. Some of the cells have missing data. You might need to determine some of the missing data to answer the question below. What is the maximum marks that a student can score in all the five subjects together ?
A
1000
B
500
C
2000
D
1500
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 35 Explanation: 
maximum marks that a student can score in all the five subjects together = 600+200+400+400+400
= 2000
Question 36
Which among the following industries, consumes maximum water in India ?
A
Engineering
B
Thermal power plants
C
Paper and pulp
D
Textiles
       Environment       Environment
Question 37
A Terabyte is equal to :
A
1024 Gigabytes
B
1024 Kilobytes
C
1024 X 1024 Kilobytes
D
1024 Megabytes
       ICT       Computer-Storage-Related
Question 37 Explanation: 
1 KiloByte= 2​ 10​ Byte
1 MegaByte= 2​ 20​ Byte
1 GigaByte= 2 30​ Byte
1 TeraByte= 2 40​ Byte
Question 38
Which of the given statements are true ?
(a) Modem is a Networking device.
(b) Modem is a Voltage stabilizer.
(c) Modem convert analogue signal to digital signal and vice-versa.
A
(b) and (c)
B
(a), (b) and (c)
C
(a) and (c)
D
(a) and (b)
       ICT       Networking-Devices
Question 39
“ e-Pathshala” is an initiative by :
A
NCTE
B
CBSE
C
UGC
D
NCERT
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       e-Pathshala
Question 40
Plants suitable for biomonitoring of Sulphur Dioxide pollution are :
A
Apricot, peach and gladiolus
B
Tobacco, grapes and garden bean
C
White pine, moss and lichens
D
Tomato and lettuce
       Environment       Environment
Question 41
​ An earthquake is rated as ‘major’ if its magnitude in Richter Scale is in range of :
A
6.0 - 6.9
B
5.0 - 5.9
C
4.0 - 4.9
D
7.0 - 7.9
       Environment       Earthquake
Question 42
The Council of Rural Development Authority is situated at :
A
Hyderabad
B
Pune
C
Ahmedabad
D
Ludhiana
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Rural-Development-Authority
Question 43
DNS stands for :
A
Dynamic Name Standard
B
Domain Name System
C
Distributed Name System
D
Domain Name Standard
       ICT       ICT-Related-Abbreviation
Question 44
Full form of PDF is :
A
Portable Document Format
B
Portable Document Form
C
Portable Data Format
D
Portable Data Form
       ICT       ICT-Related-Abbreviation
Question 45
University and University-level institutions are categorised into :
(a) Central Universities
(b) State Universities
(c) Private Universities
(d) Deemed-to-be Universities
(e) Institutions of Higher Learning
(f) Civil Sector Institutions
A
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
B
(c), (d), (e) and (f)
C
(a), (c), (e) and (f)
D
(b), (d), (e) and (f)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Categorization-of-Universities
Question 46
Assertion (A): ​ Climate change is going to increase social tension in India.
Reason (R): ​ The frequency and intensity of the extreme weather events will have serious consequences for food security.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment
Question 47
The biggest hindrance in using biomass as a major energy source is :;
A
Air pollution due to combustion
B
Energy yield of low level
C
Technology not well developed for commercialisation.
D
Large amount of land required to grow energy crops.
       Environment       Environment
Question 48
​In 1948, under whose chairmanship Education Commission was set up to reconstruct University Education in India ?
A
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
B
Prof. P.C. Joshi
C
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
D
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Education-Commision
Question 49
​ The binary equivalent of (-23)​ 10 is ( 2’s complement system for negative number is used) :
A
01000
B
01010
C
01001
D
10111
       ICT       Number-System
Question 49 Explanation: 
(23)​ 10​ = (10111)​ 2
Take 2’s complement of binary representation of (23)​ 10​ to have (-23)​ 10​ in binary.
(-23)​ 10​ = (01001)​ 2
Question 50
The first Open University established in India is :
A
Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nasik
B
Nalanda Open University, Patna
C
Tamil Nadu Open University, Chennai
D
BhimRao Ambedkar Open University, Hyderabad.
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Categorization-of-Universities
There are 50 questions to complete.