UGC-NET Dec 2019 Part-1

Question 1

Which of the following statements differentiate teaching from learning?

    (a) Teaching is a social act while learning is a personal act
    (b) Teaching implies learning
    (c) Teaching is like selling while learning is like buying
    (d) Teaching can occur without learning taking place
    (e) In teaching, influence is directed towards learning and learner, while in learning it is usually towards oneself.

Choose the correct answer from the following options:

A
(a), (c) and (e)
B
(a), (b) and (c)
C
(b), (e) and (d)
D
(c), (d) and (e)
       Teaching Aptitude       Nature-of-Teaching
Question 2

A certain principal invested at compounded interest payable yearly amounts to Rs. 10816.00 in 3 years and Rs. 11248.64 in 4 years. What is the rate of interest?

A
3%
B
4%
C
4.5%
D
5.5%
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Compound-Interest
Question 2 Explanation: 
Rate of interest=((11248.64 - 10816)/10816) * 100
= (432.64 / 10816)*100
= 4%
Question 3

In which of the following types of learning materials, the presentations are highly structured and individualized?

A
Textbooks prescribed by the universities
B
Journals and the articles recommended for readings
C
Writings of great thinkers selected for reflective readings
D
Programmed instructional and modular learning materials
       Teaching Aptitude       Learning-Material
Question 4

In a certain coding language, ‘AEIOU’ is writing as ‘TNHDZ’. Using the same coding language, ‘BFJPV’ will be written as

A
UOIEA
B
AEIOUS
C
CGKQW
D
WQKGC
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Coding-and-Decoding
Question 4 Explanation: 
'AEIOU' is written as 'TNHDZ'
The above code following 2 conditions
1. character-1
2. Firs position is replaced with last position
A-1= Z and placed in last
E-1= D placed in second last
I-1=H placed in third last
O-1=N placed in fourth last
S-1=T placed in first position

The same order will follow for 'BFJPV'
B-1= A placed in last
F-1=E is placed in second last
J-1=I is placed in third last
P-1=O is placed in fourth last
V-1=U is placed in first position.
Question 5

When there is an animated discussion between a teacher and his or her students in the classroom, it can be classified as:

A
Horizontal communication
B
Mechanical communication
C
Linear communication
D
Categorical communication
       Communication       Types-of-Communicatiion
Question 6

Which one of the following hetwabhasa (fallacy) is involved in the argument. “Sound is element because it is caused”?

A
Virudha or contradictory middle
B
Satpratipakaa or inferentially contradicted middle
C
Sadhyasama or the unproved middle
D
Bedhita or non-inferentially contradicted middle
       Logical-Reasoning       Fallacies
Question 7

What is the exact equivalent discount of three successive discounts of 10%, 15% and 20% by sale of an article?

A
35.8%
B
38.5%
C
35.5%
D
38.8%
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Profit-and-Loss
Question 7 Explanation: 
Single equivalent discount for successive discounts of 10% and 15%.
= (10+15- (15*10)/100)%
= 23.5%
Single equivalent discount for 23.5% and 20%
=(23.5+20-(23.5*20)/100)%
=38.8%
Question 8

Information overload in a classroom environment by a teacher will lead to

A
High level participation
B
Semantic precision
C
Effective impression
D
Delayed feedback
Question 9

A university teacher plans to improve the study habits of students in his/her class. Which type of research paradigm will be helpful in this regard?

A
Evaluative research paradigm
B
Fundamental research paradigm
C
Applied research paradigm
D
Action research paradigm
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research
Question 10

A research scholar while submitting his/her thesis, did not acknowledge in the preface the help and support of the respondents of the questionnaires used. This will be called an instance of

A
Technical lapse
B
Wilful negligence
C
Unethical act
D
Lack of respect
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics
Question 11

Consider the following argument:

    Statements:
    Some chairs are curtains.
    All curtains are bedsheets.
    Conclusion: Some chairs are bedsheets.

What is the Mood of the above proposition?

A
IAI
B
IAA
C
IIA
D
AII
       Logical-Reasoning       Deductive-Inference-and-Syllogism
Question 12

Which of the following modes of communication can be employed in a classroom for effective teaching?

    (a) Top-down
    (b) Iconic
    (c) Associational
    (d) Dissociational
    (e) Symbolic
    (f) Abstract

Choose the most appropriate option from the following:

A
(a), (b) and (f)
B
(c), (e) and (f)
C
(b), (c) and (e)
D
(a), (c) and (d)
       Communication       Modes-of-Communication
Question 13

If 3% of (a + b) = 7% of (ab) and 5% of (a – b) = 4% of (ab) then what percentage of b is a?

A
47/23 %
B
23/47 %
C
4700/23 %
D
2300/47 %
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Percentage
Question 14

The sum of a number and its inverse is –4. The sum of their cubes is:

A
-52
B
52
C
64
D
-64
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Number-Theory
Question 14 Explanation: 
Given : a + 1/a = - 4
Find: a^3 + (1/a)^3
Solution: a + 1/a = -4
Take cube on both sides
(a + 1/a)^3 = (-4)^3
a^3 + (1/a)^3 + 3*a* 1/a (a+1/a) = -64
a^3 + (1/a)^3 + 3(a+1/a) = -64
a^3 + (1/a)^3 - 12 = -64
a^3 + (1/a)^3 = - 64 + 12
a^3 + (1/a)^3 = -52
Question 15

Which one of the following fallacious hetu (middle term) is not uniformly concomitant with the major term?

A
Asatratipaksa
B
Auyatireki
C
Anyonya Asiddha
D
Suyabicara
       Logical-Reasoning       Fallacies
Question 16

Which of the learning outcomes are intended in teaching organized at understanding level?

A
Longer recall and retention of facts
B
Seeking of relationships and patterns among facts
C
Creative construction and critical interpretation of ideas
D
Mastery of facts and information
       Teaching Aptitude       Levels-of-Teaching
Question 17

A verbal communication technique used in teaching is

A
Slow expression of words
B
Varying the speed of voice and tone
C
Presentation without pause
D
Resorting to a semantic jugglery
       Communication       Types-of-Communication
Question 18

Which of the following types of assessment is conducted periodically with an eye on standards?

A
Formative assessment
B
Summative assessment
C
Portfolio assessment
D
Performance assessment
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 19

Which of the following are classroom related factors that influence effectiveness of teaching?

    (a) Prior task related behavior of students
    (b) Adherence to linear pattern of communication by the teacher
    (c) Socio-economic status of the family to which learners belong
    (d) Inappropriate use of technological resources by the teacher
    (e) Cultural background of students

Choose your answer from the following options:

A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(b), (c) and (d)
C
(a), (b) and (d)
D
(c), (d) and (e)
       Teaching Aptitude       Factors-Affecting-Teaching
Question 20

In which of the following formats ‘Chapter Scheme’ of the document has to be formally approved by a research degree committee in the university?

A
Thesis/dissertation
B
Seminar papers
C
Research articles
D
Research monographs
       Research Aptitude       Dissertation-and-Thesis
Question 21

Which of the following is converse of ‘Some S is P’?

A
Some S is not P
B
Some P is not S
C
Some P is S
D
No P is S
       Logical-Reasoning       Square-of-opposition
Question 21 Explanation: 
Question 22

Which of the following sampling procedures will be appropriate for conducting researches with empirico inductive research paradigm?

A
Simple random sampling procedure
B
Systematic sampling procedure
C
Strarified sampling procedure
D
Any of the non probability sampling procedures
       Research Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques
Question 23

A researcher intends to make use of ICT in his/her research. What considerations should weight most in such a decision?

    (a) Appropriateness of the tool used
    (b) Cost involved in procuring it
    (c) Availability of tools in the department where research is to be undertaken
    (d) Willingness of his/her supervisor to offer help
    (e) The company from which the ICT equipment has been procured

    Choose your answer from the following options:

A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(c), (d) and (e)
C
(a), (c) and (d)
D
(b), (c) and (e)
       ICT       ICT-and-Research
Question 24

According to classical Indian school of logic, what is the correct sequence of steps involved in Anumana (influence)?

A
Upanaya, Pratijna, Hetu, Udaharaps, Nigmana
B
Pratijna, Hetu, Upanaya, Udaharana, Nigmana
C
Pratijna, Upanaya, Hetu, Udaharana, Nigmana
D
Pratijna, Hetu, Udaharana, Upanaya, Nigmana
       Logical-Reasoning       Anumana
Question 25

Given below are two Statements – One is labeled as Assertion (A) and other is labeled as Reason (R):

    Assertion (A): Use of slang in formal teaching makes communication lively and interesting.
    Reasons (R): Academic decency demands the avoidance of slang in the classroom environment.

In the light of the above statements, choose the correct option:

A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) Is not the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 26

What is the average marks obtained by all the six students in Chemistry?

A
86.66
B
76.66
C
66.66
D
60.00
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 26 Explanation: 
Given marks are in percentages.
Average marks obtained by all students in chemistry=Total marks /Number of students
Total marks=130 × 0.5 + 0.6 × 130 + 0.6 × 130 + 0.75 × 130 + 0.8 × 130 + 0.75 × 130
=520
Average =520/6=86.66
Question 27

In which subject the performance of the students is worst in terms of percentage of marks?
A
Chemistry
B
Physics
C
Biology
D
English
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 27 Explanation: 
Chemistry = (130 × 0.5 + 0.6 × 130 + 0.6 × 130 + 0.75 × 130 + 0.8 × 130 + 0.75 × 130) / 780 = 520/780=66.66
Physics = (120 × 0.8 + 0.7 × 120 + 0.85 × 120 + 0.65 × 120 + 0.7 × 120 + 0.56 × 120) / 720 = 511.2/720 =71
Biology = (60+40+80+90+85+80) / 600 = 72.5
English = (70+80+60+90+50+40) / 600 = 65
English subject is worst in terms of percentage.
Question 28

What is the overall percentage of marks obtained by Amar?
A
70%
B
72%
C
60%
D
58.33%
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 28 Explanation: 
Overall percentage of marks obtained by Amar= (1x150 + 0.6x130 + 0.7x120 + 0.4x100 + 0.8 x 100) / (150 + 130 + 120 + 100 + 100)
=432/600
=72%
Question 29

How many students obtained 60% and above marks in all the subjects?
A
Three
B
Two
C
One
D
Zero
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 29 Explanation: 
Only Sanya and Rahul obtained 60% and above marks in all subjects.
Question 30

What was the aggregate of marks obtained by Sanya in all the five subjects?

A
375
B
395
C
455
D
475
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 30 Explanation: 
Aggregate marks of sanya obtained in all five subjects
=0.9x150 + 0.6x130 + 0.85x120 + 0.8x100 + 0.6x100
=455
Question 31

Identify from the options given below, the co-benefit of Montreal Protocol.

A
Impetus to development of energy efficient systems
B
Reduction in carbon dioxide (equivalent) emissions
C
Convergence of efforts of international community in addressing air pollution
D
Control of trans-boundary movement of hazardous waste
       Environment       Montreal-Protocol
Question 32

The major barriers for access to higher education in India are:

    (a) more opportunities of employment for less educated
    (b) government policies
    (c) language of instruction
    (d) economic status
    (e) competition from foreign universities
    (f) gender discrimination in society

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(b), (c) and (e)
C
(c), (d) and (f)
D
(d), (e) and (f)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Barriers-for-access-to-Higher-Education
Question 33

Rashtriya Uchhatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) aims to achieve the following in Higher Education System:

    (a) Equity
    (b) Access
    (c) 50% GER
    (d) Excellence

Choose the correct option from those given below:

A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(a), (c) and (d)
C
(a), (b) and (d)
D
(b), (c) and (d)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Higher-Education-System
Question 34

Which one of the following tasks is associated with changing appearance of a document in word processing?

A
Editing
B
Formatting
C
Writing
D
Printing
       ICT       Computer-Related-Terms
Question 35

According to GATS (General Agreement on Trade and Services), higher education should be a commodity in the

A
domestic public sector
B
domestic private sector
C
non-trading section
D
global marketplace
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Higher-Education-System
Question 36

PCI stands for

A
Partial Component Interconnect
B
Partial Component Interaction
C
Peripheral Component Interconnect
D
Peripheral Component Interaction
       ICT       ICT-Related-Abbreviation
Question 37

____________ is a wireless technology built in electronic gadgets for transferring data over short distance

A
WiFi
B
Bluetooth
C
Modem
D
USB
       ICT       Wireless-Technology
Question 38

The term one gigabyte refers to:

A
1024 petabytes
B
1024 megabytes
C
1024 kilobytes
D
1024 bytes
       ICT       Computer-Storage-Related
Question 39

Which of the following statements is true in the Indian context?

A
Autonomous colleges can grant degrees independent of universities
B
Autonomous colleges can grant only bachelor’s degree independent of universities
C
Except doctoral degrees, all other degrees and diplomas can be granted by autonomous colleges
D
Whatever may be the degree or diploma,autonomous college can grant them under their own name but under the seal of an affiliated university
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Categorization-of-Universities
Question 40

The most important pollutants that cause degradation of water quality in rivers and streams are

    (a) Bacteria
    (b) Nutrients
    (c) Metals
    (d) Total dissolved solids
    (e) Algae

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(a), (b) and (d)
C
(a), (b), (d) and (e)
D
(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e)
       Environment       Water-Pollution
Question 41

Database WOS stands for

A
Web of Science
B
Web of Sources
C
World of Science
D
Web of Service
       ICT       ICT-Related-Abbreviation
Question 42

The most dominant source of Benzene emissions in ambient air is

A
Cement industry
B
Cigarettes
C
Car exhaust
D
Paints and varnish
       ICT       Computer-Security
Question 43

The themes of some Sustainable Development Goals are

    (a) Climate action
    (b) Sustainable cities and communities
    (c) Peace, justice and strong institutions
    (d) Skill development and decent employment
    (e) Green agriculture
    (f) Responsible consumption and production

Choose the most appropriate from those given below:

A
(a), (b), (c), (e) and (f)
B
(b), (c), (e) and (f)
C
(b), (c), (d), (e) and (f)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (f)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Sustainable-Development
Question 44

Under Green India Mission, how many hectares of degraded forest land is to be brought under afforestation?

A
02 million hectares
B
06 million hectares
C
08 million hectares
D
20 million hectares
       Environment       Environment
Question 45

The national agency for responding to computer security incidents as and when they occur, is

A
CAT
B
CDAC
C
CCA
D
ICERT
Question 46

Comprehension:

Read the passage carefully and answer questions that follow:

There is no doubt that the market a reality and political economy as a theory played an important role in the liberal critique. But liberalism is neither the consequence nor the development of these; rather, the market played, in the liberal critique, the role of a “test”, a locus of privileged experience where one can identify the effects of excessive govern-mentality and even weight their significance; the analysis of the analysis of the mechanisms of “dearth” or more generally, of the grain trade in the middle of the eighteenth century, was meant to show the point at which governing was always governing too much. Therefore, an analysis to make visible, in the form of evidence, the formation of the value and circulation of wealth-or, on the contrary, and analysis pre-supposing the intrinsic invisibility of the connection between individual profit-seeking and the growth of collective wealth-economics, in any case, shows a basic incompatibility between the optimal development of the economic process and maximization of government procedures. It is by this, more than the play of ideas, the French or English economists broke away from mercantilism and commercialism; they freed reflection on economic practice from the hegemony of the “reason of state” and from the saturation of governmental intervention. By using it as a measure of “governing too much”, they placed it at the limit of governmental action action. Liberalism does not derive from juridical thought any more than it does from an economic analysis. It is not the idea of a political society, but the result of search for a liberal technology of government.

What kind of evidence was needed to make the liberal critique visible?

A
Circulation of wealth
B
Pre-supposing individual profit
C
Dearth in supply of grain
D
Incompatibility of growth
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 47

Comprehension:

Read the passage carefully and answer questions that follow:

There is no doubt that the market a reality and political economy as a theory played an important role in the liberal critique. But liberalism is neither the consequence nor the development of these; rather, the market played, in the liberal critique, the role of a “test”, a locus of privileged experience where one can identify the effects of excessive govern-mentality and even weight their significance; the analysis of the analysis of the mechanisms of “dearth” or more generally, of the grain trade in the middle of the eighteenth century, was meant to show the point at which governing was always governing too much. Therefore, an analysis to make visible, in the form of evidence, the formation of the value and circulation of wealth-or, on the contrary, and analysis pre-supposing the intrinsic invisibility of the connection between individual profit-seeking and the growth of collective wealth-economics, in any case, shows a basic incompatibility between the optimal development of the economic process and maximization of government procedures. It is by this, more than the play of ideas, the French or English economists broke away from mercantilism and commercialism; they freed reflection on economic practice from the hegemony of the “reason of state” and from the saturation of governmental intervention. By using it as a measure of “governing too much”, they placed it at the limit of governmental action action. Liberalism does not derive from juridical thought any more than it does from an economic analysis. It is not the idea of a political society, but the result of search for a liberal technology of government.

Which of the following played a role in the liberal critique?

A
Liberalism as a consequence of market forces
B
Liberalism as an offshoot of political economy
C
Reality of market
D
Political economy as a practice
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 48

Comprehension:

Read the passage carefully and answer questions that follow:

There is no doubt that the market a reality and political economy as a theory played an important role in the liberal critique. But liberalism is neither the consequence nor the development of these; rather, the market played, in the liberal critique, the role of a “test”, a locus of privileged experience where one can identify the effects of excessive govern-mentality and even weight their significance; the analysis of the analysis of the mechanisms of “dearth” or more generally, of the grain trade in the middle of the eighteenth century, was meant to show the point at which governing was always governing too much. Therefore, an analysis to make visible, in the form of evidence, the formation of the value and circulation of wealth-or, on the contrary, and analysis pre-supposing the intrinsic invisibility of the connection between individual profit-seeking and the growth of collective wealth-economics, in any case, shows a basic incompatibility between the optimal development of the economic process and maximization of government procedures. It is by this, more than the play of ideas, the French or English economists broke away from mercantilism and commercialism; they freed reflection on economic practice from the hegemony of the “reason of state” and from the saturation of governmental intervention. By using it as a measure of “governing too much”, they placed it at the limit of governmental action action. Liberalism does not derive from juridical thought any more than it does from an economic analysis. It is not the idea of a political society, but the result of search for a liberal technology of government.

The liberal critique examined the implications of

A
market expansion
B
too much governance
C
growth of political economy
D
politics of marketisation
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 49

Comprehension:

Read the passage carefully and answer questions that follow:

There is no doubt that the market a reality and political economy as a theory played an important role in the liberal critique. But liberalism is neither the consequence nor the development of these; rather, the market played, in the liberal critique, the role of a “test”, a locus of privileged experience where one can identify the effects of excessive govern-mentality and even weight their significance; the analysis of the analysis of the mechanisms of “dearth” or more generally, of the grain trade in the middle of the eighteenth century, was meant to show the point at which governing was always governing too much. Therefore, an analysis to make visible, in the form of evidence, the formation of the value and circulation of wealth-or, on the contrary, and analysis pre-supposing the intrinsic invisibility of the connection between individual profit-seeking and the growth of collective wealth-economics, in any case, shows a basic incompatibility between the optimal development of the economic process and maximization of government procedures. It is by this, more than the play of ideas, the French or English economists broke away from mercantilism and commercialism; they freed reflection on economic practice from the hegemony of the “reason of state” and from the saturation of governmental intervention. By using it as a measure of “governing too much”, they placed it at the limit of governmental action action. Liberalism does not derive from juridical thought any more than it does from an economic analysis. It is not the idea of a political society, but the result of search for a liberal technology of government.

What I incompatible with optimal economic development?

A
Play of ideas
B
Absence of commercialism
C
Political society
D
Excessive government procedures
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 50

Comprehension:

Read the passage carefully and answer questions that follow:

There is no doubt that the market a reality and political economy as a theory played an important role in the liberal critique. But liberalism is neither the consequence nor the development of these; rather, the market played, in the liberal critique, the role of a “test”, a locus of privileged experience where one can identify the effects of excessive govern-mentality and even weight their significance; the analysis of the analysis of the mechanisms of “dearth” or more generally, of the grain trade in the middle of the eighteenth century, was meant to show the point at which governing was always governing too much. Therefore, an analysis to make visible, in the form of evidence, the formation of the value and circulation of wealth-or, on the contrary, and analysis pre-supposing the intrinsic invisibility of the connection between individual profit-seeking and the growth of collective wealth-economics, in any case, shows a basic incompatibility between the optimal development of the economic process and maximization of government procedures. It is by this, more than the play of ideas, the French or English economists broke away from mercantilism and commercialism; they freed reflection on economic practice from the hegemony of the “reason of state” and from the saturation of governmental intervention. By using it as a measure of “governing too much”, they placed it at the limit of governmental action action. Liberalism does not derive from juridical thought any more than it does from an economic analysis. It is not the idea of a political society, but the result of search for a liberal technology of government.

The passage is indicative of the author’s preference to

A
economic hegemony of individuals
B
limit government control of economics
C
seek liberalism from juridical thought
D
promote individual profits
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
There are 50 questions to complete.