2017 January NTA UGC NET Paper 1

Question 1
When verbal and non-verbal messages are contradictory, it is said that most people believe in
A
Indeterminate messages
B
Verbal messages
C
Non-verbal messages
D
Aggressive messages
Question 2
The typical feature of an information-rich classroom lecture is in the nature of being
A
Sedentary
B
Staggered
C
Factual
D
Sectoral
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 3
Expressive communication is driven by
A
Passive aggression
B
Encoder's personality characteristics
C
External clues
D
Encoder-decoder contract
       Communication       Nature-of-Communication
Question 4
Positive classroom communication leads to
A
Coercion
B
Confrontation
C
Submission
D
Persuasion
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 5
Classroom communication is the basis of
A
Social identity
B
External inanities
C
Biased passivity
D
Group aggression
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 6
Effective communication pre-supposes
A
Non-alignment
B
Domination
C
Passivity
D
Understanding
       Communication       Nature-of-Communication
Question 7
The next term in the following series YEB, WFD, UHG, SKI, ? will be
A
TLO
B
QOL
C
QLO
D
GQP
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Alphabet-Test
Question 7 Explanation: 
Question 8
If A is coded as C, M as I, N as P, S as 0, I as A, P as N, E as M, 0 as E and C as S, then the code of COMPANIES will be
A
SPEINMOAC
B
NCPSEIOMA
C
SMOPIEACN
D
SEINCPAMO
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Coding-and-Decoding
Question 8 Explanation: 
Question 9
Among the following, identify the continuous type of data:
A
Number of languages a person speaks
B
Number of children in a household
C
Population of cities
D
Weight of students in a class
Question 10
Ali buys a glass, a pencil box and a cup and pays Rs. 21 to the shopkeeper. Rakesh buys a cup, two pencil boxes and a glass and pays Rs. 28 to the shopkeeper. Preeti buys two glasses, a cup and two pencil boxes and pays Rs. 35 to the shopkeeper. The cost of 10 cups will be
A
Rs.40
B
Rs.60
C
Rs.80
D
Rs.70
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Profit-and-Loss
Question 10 Explanation: 
Question 11
Out of four cities given below three are alike in some manner while the fourth one is different. Identify the odd one
A
Lucknow
B
Rishikesh
C
Allahabad
D
Patna
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Classification
Question 11 Explanation: 
River ganga doesn’t pass through LUCKNOW.
Question 12
Given below are some characteristics of reasoning. Select the code that states a characteristic which is not of deductive reasoning:
A
The conclusion must be based on observation and experiment.
B
The conclusion should be supported by the premise/premises.
C
The conclusion must follow from the premise/premises necessarily.
D
The argument may be valid or invalid.
       Logical-Reasoning       Deductive-Reasoning
Question 12 Explanation: 
Deductive reasoning is the presentation of statements that are assumed (or) known to be true as premises for a conclusion that necessarily followed by the statements.
Question 13
The missing term in the series 1, 4, 27, 16, ?, 36, 343, ... is
A
30
B
49
C
125
D
81
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Series-Test
Question 13 Explanation: 
Question 14
Men and woman may have different reproductive strategies but neither can be considered inferior or superior to the other, any more than a bird's wings can be considered superior or inferior to a fish's fins. What type of argument it is ?
A
Biological
B
Physiological
C
Analogical
D
Hypothetical
       Logical-Reasoning       Types-of-Arguments
Question 14 Explanation: 
The given arguments are hypothetical. Answer:- Option D
Question 15
Among the following propositions two are related in such a way that they cannot both be true but can both be false. Select the code that states those two propositions.
Propositions:
(a) Every student is attentive.
(b) Some students are attentive.
(c) Students are never attentive.
(d) Some students are not attentive.
A
(a) and (b)
B
(a) and (c)
C
(b) and (c)
D
(c) and (d)
       Teaching Aptitude       Learner\'s-Charateristics
Question 15 Explanation: 
Some students may attentive (or) not attentive both are true remaining two statements are false. Answer:- B
Question 16
Given below are two premises ((a) and (b)). From those two premises four conclusions (i),(ii), (iii) & (iv) are drawn. Select the code that states the conclusions validly drawn from the premises (taking singly or jointly.)
Premises:
(a) Untouchability is a curse.
(b) All hot pans are untouchable.
Conclusions:
(i) All hot pans are curse.
(ii) Some untouchable things are hot pans.
(iii) All curses are untouchability.
(iv) Some curses are untouchability.
A
(i) and (ii)
B
(ii) and (iii)
C
(iii) and (iv)
D
(ii) and (iv)
       Teaching Aptitude       Levels-of-Teaching
Question 16 Explanation: 
Question 17
If the statement 'None but the brave wins the race' is false which of the following statements can be claimed to be true?
A
All brave persons win the race.
B
Some persons who win the race are not brave.
C
Some persons who win the race are brave.
D
No person who wins the race is brave.
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 17 Explanation: 
From the given argument option B is the most suitable answer.
Question 18
If two standard form categorical propositions with the same subject and predicate are related in such a manner that if one is undetermined the other must be undetermined, what is their relation?
A
Contrary
B
Subcontrary
C
Contradictory
D
Sub-altern
       Teaching Aptitude       Factors-Affecting-Teaching
Question 19
The table below embodies data on the sales revenue (Rs. in lakh) generated by a publishing house during the years 2012-15 while selling books, magazines and journals as three categories of items. Answer questions 19 — 21 based on the data contained in the table.


The number of years in which there was an increase in revenue from at least two categories of items, is
A
0
B
1
C
2
D
3
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 20
The table below embodies data on the sales revenue (Rs. in lakh) generated by a publishing house during the years 2012-15 while selling books, magazines and journals as three categories of items. Answer questions 19 — 21 based on the data contained in the table.


If the year 2016 were to show the same growth in terms of total sales revenue as the year 2015 over the year 2014, then the revenue in the year 2016 must be approximately:
A
Rs. 194 lakh
B
Rs. 187 lakh
C
Rs. 172 lakh
D
Rs. 177 lakh
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 21
The table below embodies data on the sales revenue (Rs. in lakh) generated by a publishing house during the years 2012-15 while selling books, magazines and journals as three categories of items. Answer questions 19 — 21 based on the data contained in the table.


In 2015, approximately what percent of total revenue came from books?
A
45%
B
55%
C
35%
D
25%
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 22
A University professor maintains data on MCA students tabulated by performance and gender of the students. The data is kept on a computer hard disk, but accidently sonic of it is lost because of a computer virus. Only the following could be recovered:

Panic buttons were pressed but to no avail. An expert committee was formed, which decided that the following facts were self evident:
(a) Half the students were either excellent or good.
(b) 40% of the students were females.
(c) One-third of the male students were average.
Answer questions 22 — 24 based on the data given above:

What proportion of female students are good?
A
0
B
0.25
C
0.5
D
0.75
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 23
A University professor maintains data on MCA students tabulated by performance and gender of the students. The data is kept on a computer hard disk, but accidently sonic of it is lost because of a computer virus. Only the following could be recovered:

Panic buttons were pressed but to no avail. An expert committee was formed, which decided that the following facts were self evident:
(a) Half the students were either excellent or good.
(b) 40% of the students were females.
(c) One-third of the male students were average.
Answer questions 22 — 24 based on the data given above:

Approximately, what proportion of good students are male?
A
0
B
0.73
C
0.43
D
0.27
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 24
A University professor maintains data on MCA students tabulated by performance and gender of the students. The data is kept on a computer hard disk, but accidently sonic of it is lost because of a computer virus. Only the following could be recovered:

Panic buttons were pressed but to no avail. An expert committee was formed, which decided that the following facts were self evident:
(a) Half the students were either excellent or good.
(b) 40% of the students were females.
(c) One-third of the male students were average.
Answer questions 22 — 24 based on the data given above:

How many female students are excellent?
A
0
B
8
C
16
D
32
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation
Question 25
Read the following two statements:
I: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is considered a subset of Information Technology (IT).
II: The 'right to use' a piece of software is termed as copyright.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are CORRECT?
A
Both I and II
B
Neither I nor II
C
II only
D
I only
       ICT       ICT-Terms
Question 26
Which of the following correctly lists computer memory types from highest to lowest speed?
A
Secondary Storage; Main Memory (RAM); Cache Memory; CPU Registers
B
CPU Registers; Cache Memory; Secondary Storage; Main Memory (RAM)
C
CPU Registers; Cache Memory; Main Memory (RAM); Secondary Storage
D
Cache Memory; CPU Registers; Main Memory (RAM); Secondary Storage
       ICT       Computer-Storage-Related
Question 27
Which of the following statement(s) is/are TRUE?
S1: The decimal number 11 is larger than the hexadecimal number 11.
S2: In the binary number 1110.101, the fractional part has the decimal value as 0.625.
A
SI only
B
S2 only
C
Both S1 and S2
D
Neither S1 nor S2
       ICT       Number-System
Question 28
With regard to a word processing software, the process of combining static information in a publication together with variable information in a data source to create one merged publication is called
A
Electronic mail
B
Data sourcing
C
Mail merge
D
Spam mail
       ICT       Word-Processing
Question 29
DVD technology uses an optical media to store the digital data. DVD is an acronym for
A
Digital Vector Disc
B
Digital Volume Disc
C
Digital Versatile Disc
D
Digital Visualization Disc
       ICT       ICT-Related-Abbreviation
Question 30
Assertion (A): Sustainable development is critical to well being of human society.
Reason (R): Environmentally sound policies do not harm the environment or deplete the natural resources.
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true and (R) is false.
D
(A) is false and (R) is true.
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Sustainable-Development
Question 31
The dominant source of pollution due to oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) in urban areas is
A
Road transport
B
Commercial sector
C
Energy use in industry
D
Power plants
       Environment       Environment
Question 32
Which of the following is not a water-bone disease?
A
Typhoid
B
Hepatitis
C
Cholera
D
Dengue
       Environment       Environment
Question 33
Which of the following is a characteristic of Web2.0 applications?
A
Multiple users schedule their time to use Web2.0 applications one by one.
B
Web2.0 applications are focused on the ability for people to collaborate and share information online.
C
Web2.0 applications provide users with content rather than facilitating users to create it.
D
Web2.0 applications use only static pages.
       ICT       Web-Based-Applications
Question 34
In which country, the recent international agreement on phasing out Hydro Fluoro Carbons (HFCs) was signed?
A
Rwanda
B
Morocco
C
South Africa
D
Algeria
       Environment       Environment
Question 35
Which of the following natural hazards is not hydro-meteorological?
A
Snow avalanche
B
Sea erosion
C
Tropical cyclone
D
Tsunami
       Environment       Environment
Question 36
Which of the following are the demerits of globalisation of higher education?
(a) Exposure to global curriculum
(b) Promotion of elitism in education
(c) Commodification of higher education
(d) Increase in the cost of education Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
(a) and (d)
B
(a), (c) and (d)
C
(b), (c) and (d)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Higher-Education-System
Question 37
Which of the following statements are correct about deemed universities?
(a) The Governor of the State is the chancellor of deemed universities.
(b) They can design their own syllabus and course work.
(c) They can frame their own guidelines regarding admission and fees.
(d) They can grant degrees.
A
(a), (b) and (c)
B
(b), (c) and (d)
C
(a), (c) and (d)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Categorization-of-Universities
Question 38
Indian government's target for power production from small hydro projects by the year 2022 is
A
1 Giga-Watt
B
5 Giga-Watt
C
10 Giga-Watt
D
15 Giga-Watt
       Environment       Energy-Sources
Question 39
Which of the following statements are correct?
(a) Rajya Sabha is a permanent House which can be dissolved only during national emergency.
(b) Rajya Sabha does not represent the local interests of the States.
(c) Members of the Rajya Sabha are not bound to vote at the dictates of the states they represent.
(d) No Union territory has a representative in the Rajya Sabha.
A
(a) and (d)
B
(b) and (c)
C
(b), (c) and (d)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Politics
Question 39 Explanation: 
Question 40
Which of the following are not necessarily the immediate consequences of the proclamation of the President's Rule in a State?
(a) Dissolution of the State Assembly.
(b) Removal of the Council of Ministers in the State.
(c) Takeover of the State administration by the Union Government.
(d) Appointment of a new Chief Secretary.
A
(a) and (d)
B
(a), (b) and (c)
C
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
D
(b) and (c)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Politics
Question 40 Explanation: 
Question 41
Instead of holding the office during the pleasure of the President who among the following hold(s) office during good behaviour?
(a) Governor of a State
(b) Attorney General of India
(c) Judges of the High Court
(d) Administrator of a Union Territory Select the correct answer from the codes given below
A
(a) only
B
(c) only
C
(a) and (c)
D
(a), (b), (c) and (d)
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Politics
Question 41 Explanation: 
Question 42
The purpose of value education is best served by focusing on
A
Cultural practices prevailing in the society.
B
Norms of conduct laid down by a social group.
C
Concern for human values.
D
Religious and moral practices and instructions.
       Teaching Aptitude       Objectives-of-Teaching
Question 43
Assertion (A): Learning is a lifelong process.
Reason (R): Learning to be useful must be linked with life processes.
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true.
       Teaching Aptitude       Learning
Question 43 Explanation: 
Question 44
Effectiveness of teaching has to be judged in terms of
A
Course coverage
B
Students' interest
C
Learning outcomes of students
D
Use of teaching aids in the classroom
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 45
In which teaching method learner's participation is made optimal and proactive?
A
Discussion method
B
Buzz session method
C
Brainstorming session method
D
Project method
       Teaching Aptitude       Methods-of-Teaching
Question 46
One of the most powerful factors affecting teaching effectiveness is related to the
A
Social system of the country
B
Economic status of the society
C
Prevailing political system
D
Educational system
       Teaching Aptitude       Factors-Affecting-Teaching
Question 47
Assertion (A): Formative evaluation tends to accelerate the pace of learning.
Reason (R): As against summative evaluation, formative evaluation is highly reliable.
Choose the correct answer from the following code:
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B
Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
C
(A) is true, but (R) is false.
D
(A) is false, but (R) is true.
       Teaching Aptitude       Evaluation-System
Question 48
Which of the following set of statements represents acceptable propositions in respect of teaching-learning relationships?
Choose the correct code to indicate your answer.
(i) When students fail in a test, it is the teacher who fails.
(ii) Every teaching must aim at ensuring learning.
(iii) There can be teaching without learning taking place.
(iv) There can be no learning without teaching.
(v) A teacher teaches but learns also.
(vi) Real learning implies rote learning.
A
(ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)
B
(i), (ii), (iii) and (v)
C
(iii), (iv), (v) and (vi)
D
(i), (ii), (v) and (vi)
       Teaching Aptitude       Nature-of-Teaching
Question 49
In doing action research what is the usual sequence of steps?
A
Reflect, observe, plan, act
B
Plan, act, observe, reflect
C
Plan, reflect, observe, act
D
Act, observe, plan, reflect
       Research Aptitude       Nature-of-Research-Strategy
Question 50
Which sequence of research steps is logical in the list given below?
A
Problem formulation, Analysis, Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Collection of data, Arriving at generalizations and conclusions.
B
Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Problem formulation, Data analysis, Arriving at conclusions and data collection.
C
Problem formulation, Hypothesis making, Development of a Research design, Collection of data, Data analysis and formulation of generalizations and conclusions.
D
Problem formulation, Deciding about the sample and data collection tools, Formulation of hypothesis, Collection and interpretation of research evidence.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Process
Question 51
Below are given two sets — research methods (Set-I) and data collection tools (Set-II).
Match the two sets and indicate your answer by selecting the correct code:
A
ii i iii iv
B
iii iv ii i
C
ii iii i iv
D
ii iv iii i
       Research Aptitude       Research-Method
Question 52
The issue of 'research ethics' may be considered pertinent at which stage of research?
A
At the stage of problem formulation and its definition
B
At the stage of defining the population of research
C
At the stage of data collection and interpretation
D
At the stage of reporting the findings.
       Research Aptitude       Research-Ethics
Question 53
In which of the following, reporting format is formally prescribed?
A
Doctoral level thesis
B
Conference of researchers
C
Workshops and seminars
D
Symposia
       Research Aptitude       Papers-Articles-Workshop-Seminar-Conference-and-Symosium
Question 54
The principal of a school conducts an interview session of teachers and students with a view to explore the possibility of their enhanced participation in school programmes. This endeavour may be related to which type of research?
A
Evaluation Research
B
Fundamental Research
C
Action Research
D
Applied Research
       Research Aptitude       Types-of-Research
Question 55
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 55 to 60 : The last great war, which nearly shook the foundations of the modern world, had little impact on Indian literature beyond aggravating the popular revulsion against violence and adding to the growing disillusionment with the 'humane pretensions' of the Western World. This was eloquently voiced in Tagore's later poems and his last testament, Crisis in Civilisation. The Indian intelligentsia was in a state of moral dilemma. On the one hand, it could not help sympathising with England's dogged courage in the hour of peril, with the Russians fighting with their backs to the wall against the ruthless Nazi hordes, and with China groaning under the heel of Japanese militarism; on the other hand, their own country was practically under military occupation of their own soil, and an Indian army under Subhas Bose was trying from the opposite camp to liberate their country. No creative impulse could issue from such confusion of loyalties. One would imagine that the achievement of Indian independence in 1947, which came in the wake of the Allies' victory and was followed by the collapse of colonialism in the neighbouring countries of South- East Asia, would have released an upsurge of creative energy. No doubt it did, but unfortunately it was son submerged in the geat agony of partition, with its inhuman slaughter of the innocents and the uprooting of millions of people from their homeland, followed by the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi. These tragedies, along with Pakistan's invasion of Kashmir and its later atrocities in Bangladesh, did indeed provoke a poignant writing, particularly in the languages of the regions most affected, Bengali, Hindi, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu. But poignant or passionate writing does not by itself make great literature. What reserves of enthusiasm and confidence survived these disasters have been mainly absorbed in the task of national reconstruction and economic development. Great literature has always emerged out of chains of convulsions. Indian literature is richer today in volume, range and variety than it ever was in the past. Based on the passage answer the following questions from 55 to 60:

What did Tagore articulate in his last testament?
A
Offered support to Subhas Bose.
B
Exposed the humane pretensions of the Western World.
C
Expressed loyalty to England
D
Encouraged the liberation of countries.
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 56
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 55 to 60 : The last great war, which nearly shook the foundations of the modern world, had little impact on Indian literature beyond aggravating the popular revulsion against violence and adding to the growing disillusionment with the 'humane pretensions' of the Western World. This was eloquently voiced in Tagore's later poems and his last testament, Crisis in Civilisation. The Indian intelligentsia was in a state of moral dilemma. On the one hand, it could not help sympathising with England's dogged courage in the hour of peril, with the Russians fighting with their backs to the wall against the ruthless Nazi hordes, and with China groaning under the heel of Japanese militarism; on the other hand, their own country was practically under military occupation of their own soil, and an Indian army under Subhas Bose was trying from the opposite camp to liberate their country. No creative impulse could issue from such confusion of loyalties. One would imagine that the achievement of Indian independence in 1947, which came in the wake of the Allies' victory and was followed by the collapse of colonialism in the neighbouring countries of South- East Asia, would have released an upsurge of creative energy. No doubt it did, but unfortunately it was son submerged in the geat agony of partition, with its inhuman slaughter of the innocents and the uprooting of millions of people from their homeland, followed by the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi. These tragedies, along with Pakistan's invasion of Kashmir and its later atrocities in Bangladesh, did indeed provoke a poignant writing, particularly in the languages of the regions most affected, Bengali, Hindi, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu. But poignant or passionate writing does not by itself make great literature. What reserves of enthusiasm and confidence survived these disasters have been mainly absorbed in the task of national reconstruction and economic development. Great literature has always emerged out of chains of convulsions. Indian literature is richer today in volume, range and variety than it ever was in the past. Based on the passage answer the following questions from 55 to 60:

What was the stance of Indian intelligentsia during the period of great war?
A
Indifference to Russia's plight.
B
They favoured Japanese militarism.
C
They prompted creativity out of confused loyalties.
D
They expressed sympathy for England's dogged courage.
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 57
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 55 to 60 : The last great war, which nearly shook the foundations of the modern world, had little impact on Indian literature beyond aggravating the popular revulsion against violence and adding to the growing disillusionment with the 'humane pretensions' of the Western World. This was eloquently voiced in Tagore's later poems and his last testament, Crisis in Civilisation. The Indian intelligentsia was in a state of moral dilemma. On the one hand, it could not help sympathising with England's dogged courage in the hour of peril, with the Russians fighting with their backs to the wall against the ruthless Nazi hordes, and with China groaning under the heel of Japanese militarism; on the other hand, their own country was practically under military occupation of their own soil, and an Indian army under Subhas Bose was trying from the opposite camp to liberate their country. No creative impulse could issue from such confusion of loyalties. One would imagine that the achievement of Indian independence in 1947, which came in the wake of the Allies' victory and was followed by the collapse of colonialism in the neighbouring countries of South- East Asia, would have released an upsurge of creative energy. No doubt it did, but unfortunately it was son submerged in the geat agony of partition, with its inhuman slaughter of the innocents and the uprooting of millions of people from their homeland, followed by the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi. These tragedies, along with Pakistan's invasion of Kashmir and its later atrocities in Bangladesh, did indeed provoke a poignant writing, particularly in the languages of the regions most affected, Bengali, Hindi, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu. But poignant or passionate writing does not by itself make great literature. What reserves of enthusiasm and confidence survived these disasters have been mainly absorbed in the task of national reconstruction and economic development. Great literature has always emerged out of chains of convulsions. Indian literature is richer today in volume, range and variety than it ever was in the past. Based on the passage answer the following questions from 55 to 60:

Identify the factor responsible for the submergence of creative energy in Indian literature.
A
Military occupation of one's own soil.
B
Resistance to colonial occupation.
C
Great agony of partition.
D
Victory of Allies.
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 58
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 55 to 60 : The last great war, which nearly shook the foundations of the modern world, had little impact on Indian literature beyond aggravating the popular revulsion against violence and adding to the growing disillusionment with the 'humane pretensions' of the Western World. This was eloquently voiced in Tagore's later poems and his last testament, Crisis in Civilisation. The Indian intelligentsia was in a state of moral dilemma. On the one hand, it could not help sympathising with England's dogged courage in the hour of peril, with the Russians fighting with their backs to the wall against the ruthless Nazi hordes, and with China groaning under the heel of Japanese militarism; on the other hand, their own country was practically under military occupation of their own soil, and an Indian army under Subhas Bose was trying from the opposite camp to liberate their country. No creative impulse could issue from such confusion of loyalties. One would imagine that the achievement of Indian independence in 1947, which came in the wake of the Allies' victory and was followed by the collapse of colonialism in the neighbouring countries of South- East Asia, would have released an upsurge of creative energy. No doubt it did, but unfortunately it was son submerged in the geat agony of partition, with its inhuman slaughter of the innocents and the uprooting of millions of people from their homeland, followed by the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi. These tragedies, along with Pakistan's invasion of Kashmir and its later atrocities in Bangladesh, did indeed provoke a poignant writing, particularly in the languages of the regions most affected, Bengali, Hindi, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu. But poignant or passionate writing does not by itself make great literature. What reserves of enthusiasm and confidence survived these disasters have been mainly absorbed in the task of national reconstruction and economic development. Great literature has always emerged out of chains of convulsions. Indian literature is richer today in volume, range and variety than it ever was in the past. Based on the passage answer the following questions from 55 to 60:

What was the aftermath that survived tragedies in Kashmir and Bangladesh?
A
Suspicion of other countries
B
Continuance of rivalry
C
Menace of war
D
National reconstruction
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 59
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 55 to 60 : The last great war, which nearly shook the foundations of the modern world, had little impact on Indian literature beyond aggravating the popular revulsion against violence and adding to the growing disillusionment with the 'humane pretensions' of the Western World. This was eloquently voiced in Tagore's later poems and his last testament, Crisis in Civilisation. The Indian intelligentsia was in a state of moral dilemma. On the one hand, it could not help sympathising with England's dogged courage in the hour of peril, with the Russians fighting with their backs to the wall against the ruthless Nazi hordes, and with China groaning under the heel of Japanese militarism; on the other hand, their own country was practically under military occupation of their own soil, and an Indian army under Subhas Bose was trying from the opposite camp to liberate their country. No creative impulse could issue from such confusion of loyalties. One would imagine that the achievement of Indian independence in 1947, which came in the wake of the Allies' victory and was followed by the collapse of colonialism in the neighbouring countries of South- East Asia, would have released an upsurge of creative energy. No doubt it did, but unfortunately it was son submerged in the geat agony of partition, with its inhuman slaughter of the innocents and the uprooting of millions of people from their homeland, followed by the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi. These tragedies, along with Pakistan's invasion of Kashmir and its later atrocities in Bangladesh, did indeed provoke a poignant writing, particularly in the languages of the regions most affected, Bengali, Hindi, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu. But poignant or passionate writing does not by itself make great literature. What reserves of enthusiasm and confidence survived these disasters have been mainly absorbed in the task of national reconstruction and economic development. Great literature has always emerged out of chains of convulsions. Indian literature is richer today in volume, range and variety than it ever was in the past. Based on the passage answer the following questions from 55 to 60:

The passage has the message that
A
Disasters are inevitable.
B
Great literature emerges out of chains of convulsions.
C
Indian literature does not have a marked landscape.
D
Literature has no relation with war and independence.
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 60
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 55 to 60 : The last great war, which nearly shook the foundations of the modern world, had little impact on Indian literature beyond aggravating the popular revulsion against violence and adding to the growing disillusionment with the 'humane pretensions' of the Western World. This was eloquently voiced in Tagore's later poems and his last testament, Crisis in Civilisation. The Indian intelligentsia was in a state of moral dilemma. On the one hand, it could not help sympathising with England's dogged courage in the hour of peril, with the Russians fighting with their backs to the wall against the ruthless Nazi hordes, and with China groaning under the heel of Japanese militarism; on the other hand, their own country was practically under military occupation of their own soil, and an Indian army under Subhas Bose was trying from the opposite camp to liberate their country. No creative impulse could issue from such confusion of loyalties. One would imagine that the achievement of Indian independence in 1947, which came in the wake of the Allies' victory and was followed by the collapse of colonialism in the neighbouring countries of South- East Asia, would have released an upsurge of creative energy. No doubt it did, but unfortunately it was son submerged in the geat agony of partition, with its inhuman slaughter of the innocents and the uprooting of millions of people from their homeland, followed by the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi. These tragedies, along with Pakistan's invasion of Kashmir and its later atrocities in Bangladesh, did indeed provoke a poignant writing, particularly in the languages of the regions most affected, Bengali, Hindi, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu. But poignant or passionate writing does not by itself make great literature. What reserves of enthusiasm and confidence survived these disasters have been mainly absorbed in the task of national reconstruction and economic development. Great literature has always emerged out of chains of convulsions. Indian literature is richer today in volume, range and variety than it ever was in the past. Based on the passage answer the following questions from 55 to 60:

What was the impact of the last Great War on Indian literature?
A
It had no impact.
B
It aggravated popular revulsion against violence.
C
It shook the foundations of literature.
D
It offered eloquent support to the Western World.
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
There are 60 questions to complete.
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