UGC NET November 2020 Paper-1

Question 1
Comprehension
The following table shows the total number of students in the Department of the Institute along with the percentage of Females and Male students. Answer questions 1 to 5 based on the data given below:

What is the ratio of the number of females in Civil and Electrical departments together to the number of males in the same Departments together?
A
311 : 270
B
329 : 261
C
411 : 469
D
311 : 269
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation-Ratio
Question 1 Explanation: 
Number of females in civil department is (35/100)*220 = 77
Number of females in electrical department is (65/100)*360 = 234
Total number of female students(civil+electrical)=77+234=311
Number of males in civil department is (65/100)*220 = 143
Number of males in electrical department is (35/100)*360 = 126
Total number of male students(civil+electrical)=143+126=269
The ratio of the number of females in Civil and Electrical departments together to the number of males in the same Departments together is 311 : 269
Question 2
Comprehension
The following table shows the total number of students in the Department of the Institute along with the percentage of Females and Male students. Answer questions 1 to 5 based on the data given below:

What is the average percentage of female students in the whole Institute?
A
42.0%
B
41.0%
C
43.0%
D
41.5%
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation-Percentages
Question 2 Explanation: 
Average percentage of female students in the whole institute =45+35+23+65+44+40
Total female students percentage=252
Average= (252%6) = 42%
Question 3
Comprehension
The following table shows the total number of students in the Department of the Institute along with the percentage of Females and Male students. Answer questions 1 to 5 based on the data given below:

What is the respective ratio of the number of females in the Mechanical Department to the number of females in the Electronics Department?
A
4 : 3
B
23 : 22
C
24 : 21
D
23 : 21
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation-Ratio
Question 3 Explanation: 
Number of females in the Mechanical Department is (23%100)*900 = 207
Number of females in the Electronics Department= (44%100)*450 = 198
Ration=207:198=23:22
Question 4
Comprehension
The following table shows the total number of students in the Department of the Institute along with the percentage of Females and Male students. Answer questions 1 to 5 based on the data given below:

What is the total number of students in all the Departments?
A
2210
B
3210
C
3400
D
3310
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation-Addition
Question 4 Explanation: 
Total number of students in all the Departments = 840 + 220 + 900 + 360 + 450 + 540= 3310
Question 5
Comprehension
The following table shows the total number of students in the Department of the Institute along with the percentage of Females and Male students. Answer questions 1 to 5 based on the data given below:

What is the total number of male students in the Computer and Mining Department together?
A
266
B
886
C
786
D
686
       Data-Interpretation       Data-Interpretation-Addition
Question 5 Explanation: 
Total number of male students in the Computer Department is (55/100)*840 = 462
Total number of male students in the Mining Department is is (60/100)*540 = 324
Total number of male students in the Computer and Mining Department together is 462+ 324= 786
Question 6
Match List I with List II:
List I List II
(Scales of measurement) (Description of properties)
a)Nominal (I) Classification and order
b)Ordinal (II) Classification
c)Interval (III) Classification, order and equal units
d)Ratio (IV) Classification order, equal units and Absolute Zero
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A)-(IV), (B)-(III), (C)-(II), (D)-(I)
B
(A)-(II), (B)-(I), (C)-(III), (D)-(IV)
C
(A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(IV), (D)-(III)
D
(A)-(III), (B)-(IV), (C)-(I), (D)-(II)
       Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Scales-Measurements
Question 7
A type of memory that holds the computer startup routine is
A
Cache
B
RAM
C
DRAM
D
ROM
       ICT       Computer-Storage-Related
Question 7 Explanation: 
The invention of read-only memory (ROM) of various types solved this paradox by allowing computers to be shipped with a startup program that could not be erased. Growth in the capacity of ROM has allowed ever more elaborate start up procedures to be implemented
Question 8
Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): In order to bridge the gap between theory and practice both fundamental and applied research formats have to be promoted.
Reason (R): Fundamental research focuses on theory making and applied research is directed at exploring the applicability of theory in varied practical situations.
In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is correct but (R) is not correct
D
(A) is not correct but (R) is correct
       Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Research
Question 9
Which of the following are useful in positive components of classroom communication?
A) Restrictive actions
B) Empathy
C) Punctuality
D) Follow-up
E) Scattered reflections
Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B), (C) only
B
(B), (C), (D) only
C
(C), (D), (E) only
D
(A), (D), (E) only
       Communication       Classroom-Communication
Question 10
In a 100 meters race, A beat B by 10 meter or 2 second. What is the speed of A?
A
5 Km/h
B
10 Km/h
C
15 Km/h
D
20 Km/h
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Distance-and-Time
Question 10 Explanation: 
When A completes 100m, B is at 90m which is 10m behind.Now A beats B by 2 secs.
This means B takes 2 more seconds to complete the race
As B is 10m behind when A completes the race, so B takes 2 secs to complete 10m
Speed of B = 5m/s
Total time of B = 100/5 = 20 secs
Time of A = 20 - 2 = 18 seconds
Speed of A = 100/18 = 5.555
Question 11
Given below are two statements: One if labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Substance is always the subject of all predicates.
Reason (R): Substance is self-existence and self-conceived.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the option given below:
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true but (R) is false
D
(A) is false but (R) is true
       Logical-Reasoning       Assertion-and-Reason
Question 12
Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Qualitative research is an umbrella term to refer to various research strategies that share certain characteristics. The data collected have been termed ‘soft’ i.e. rich in description.
Statement II: Qualitative research is mainly hypothesis deductive and employs mostly statiscal techniques for data analysis.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
C
Statement I is correct but Statement II is false
D
Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is true
       Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Research
Question 13
Match List I with List II:
List I List II
A) Input (I) Mouse
B) Output (II) Monitor
C) Memory (III) Cache
D) Software (IV) Python
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(IV), (D)-(III)
B
(A)-(I), (B)-(III), (C)-(II), (D)-(IV)
C
(A)-(III), (B)-(II), (C)-(I), (D)-(IV)
D
(A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(III), (D)-(IV)
       ICT       Computer-Related-Terms
Question 13 Explanation: 
Input device → Mouse
Output device → Monitor
Memory → Cache
Software → Python
Question 14
The word blog is derived from the word
A
My log
B
We blog
C
E blog
D
Blogger
       ICT       Blog
Question 14 Explanation: 
A blog (a truncation of "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries (posts). Posts are typically displayed in reverse chronological order, so that the most recent post appears first, at the top of the web page.
Question 15
Identify the teaching strategies which are employed during indirect instruction:
A) Emphasizing direct and indirect exemplars
B) Presenting the stimulus material
C) Inquiry based question-answer session
D) Presenting, asking and providing feedback
E) Promoting problem solving approach
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B) and (C) only
B
(B), (C) and (D) only
C
(C), (D) and (E) only
D
(A), (C) and (E) only
       Teaching Aptitude       Nature-of-Teaching
Question 16
Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Equality of educational opportunities is a pre-condition for achieving equity in education.
Statement II: Equity in education can be achieved without equality of educational opportunities.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer answer from the options given below:
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
C
Statement I is correct but Statement II is false
D
Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is true
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Higher-Education-System
Question 17
Which of the following explain the concept of values?
A) Values are beliefs tied inextricably to human emotion and behaviour
B) Values refer to desirable goals people strive to attain
C) Values are conflict-free
D) Values are ordered by importance relative to one another
E) Values are utilized primarily to effect change in knowledge of a person
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B), (C) only
B
(A), (B), (D) only
C
(B), (C), (D) only
D
(C), (D), (E) only
       Communication       Nature-of-Communication
Question 18
Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Carbon monoxide (CO) is a serious asphyxiant; even a short exposure may have fatal health issues.
Reason (R): Hemoglobin present in the blood has greater affinity towards carbon monoxide than oxygen.
In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
A
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is correct but (R) is not correct
D
(A) is not correct but (R) is correct
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment
Question 19
Match List I with List II: List I consists of the Vedangas and List II contains subjects dealt in them.
                 List I                             List II
A) Nirukta                   (I) Phonetics
B) Chhandas              (II) Ritual
C) Shiksha                  (III) Metrics
D) Kalpa                     (IV) Etymology
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A)-(II), (B)-(IV), (C)-(III), (D)-(I)
B
(A)-(IV), (B)-(III), (C)-(I), (D)-(II)
C
(A)-(III), (B)-(I), (C)-(II), (D)-(IV)
D
(A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(IV), (D)-(III)
       Logical-Reasoning       Indian-Logic
Question 20
In which level of teaching, the teacher’s role is more active rather than being interactive?
A
Memory level
B
Understanding level
C
Reflective level
D
Autonomous development level
       Teaching Aptitude       Levels-of-Teaching
Question 21
The ratio of ages of two persons A and B is 3 : 4 and that of ages of B and C is 4 : 5. If the average of all three is 40 years, what is B’s age?
A
20 years
B
30 years
C
40 years
D
50 years
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Age-Related-Test
Question 21 Explanation: 
Ration of ages of three persons= A:B:C= 3:4:5
Average of three is 40 years
What is the B’s age=?
We can’t get more than 120 as their age because the average of 3 persons is 40.
B is elder than A and younger than C
= 20+40+60
= 120
Average = (120/3)=40
Question 22
Cloud computing has the following distinct characteristics:
A) The service is hosted on the internet.
B) It is made available by a service provider.
C) It computes and predicts rain when the weather is cloudy.
D) The service is fully managed by the provider.
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B) only
B
(A), (B), (C) only
C
(A), (D) only
D
(A), (B), (D) only
       ICT       Cloud-Computing
Question 23
Three pipes fill a tank in 4 hours. If two of them take 8 and 12 hours each to fill the tank, how many hours will the third pipe take to fill the tank?
A
6 hours
B
15 hours
C
18 hours
D
24 hours
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Pipes-And-Cisterns
Question 23 Explanation: 
Three pipes fill a tank in 4 hours
P1 takes 8 hours and in one hour work is 1/8
P2 takes 12 hours and and in one hour work is 1/12
P3 takes x hours and and in one hour work is 1/x
Amount of work done by both p1 and p2=(⅛+1/12+1/x)=5/24+1/x
Now 1/x=1/4-5/24=6-5/24=1/24
P3 will take 24 hours to fill the tank
Question 24
Which of the following come under the mandate of the University Grants Commision (UGC)?
A) Promotion and coordination of University education
B) Determining and monitoring standards of teaching, examination and research in Universities.
C) Organizing continuous professional development programmes for college and University teachers
D) Framing regulations on minimum standards of education
E) Disturbing and regulating grants to the universitisits and college
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B), (C), (D) only
B
(B), (C), (D), (E) only
C
(A), (C), (D), (E) only
D
(A), (B), (D), (E) only
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       UGC
Question 25
In which of the following, there is a greater flexibility in both the methods and process of research?
A
Ethnography and phenomenology
B
Descriptive survey and impact studies
C
Experimental and observation based studies
D
Ex Post facto and historical studies
       Reasearch Aptitude       Types-of-Research
Question 26
Wind energy is very sensitive to the wind velocity because wind power is directly proportional to the
A
wind velocity
B
square of the wind velocity
C
square root of the wind velocity
D
cube of the wind velocity
       Environment       Wind-Energy
Question 27
In conducting an empirical study, a researcher employs a non-parametric test for data analysis and finds the ‘statistics’ arrived at is ‘significant’ at .05 level. What decisions will be warranted thereafter?
A) Rejecting the Null hypothesis (H0)
B) Accepting the Null hypothesis (H0)
C) Accepting the alternative hypothesis (H1)
D) Keeping the decision in abeyance
E) Rejecting the alternative hypothesis (H1)
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A) and (B) only
B
(B) and (C) only
C
(D) only
D
(A) and (C) only
       Reasearch Aptitude       Hypothesis-Testing
Question 28
Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Carbon dioxide emissions from bioenergy. Production has traditionally been excluded from most emission inventories and climate impact studies.
Reason (R): Carbon dioxide emissions associated with production of bioenergy are significantly less compared to those from combustion of fossil fuels.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B
Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true but (R) is false
D
(A) is false but (R) is true
       Environment       Assertion-Reason-Environment
Question 29
Match List I with List II:
List I List II
(Medium) (Example for description)
A)Newspaper (I) Networking
B)Radio and television (II) Audio, Video and graphics
C)Social Media (III) Broadsheet
D)Multimedia (IV) Broadcasting
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A)-(III), (B)-(IV), (C)-(I), (D)-(II)
B
(A)-(IV), (B)-(I), (C)-(II), (D)-(III)
C
(A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(III), (D)-(IV)
D
(A)-(II), (B)-(III), (C)-(IV), (D)-(I)
       Communication       Media-Related
Question 29 Explanation: 
Newspaper → Broadsheet
Radio and television → Broadcasting
Social Media → Networking
Multimedia → Audio, Video and graphics
Note: This is easy when you start from D to A.
Question 30
Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Interactive and multimedia systems provide for a new culture of teaching and learning.
Statement II: Virtual classrooms convert students into senseless humanoids.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
C
Statement I is correct but Statement II is false
D
Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is true
       Teaching Aptitude       Statement-Based-Teaching-And-Learning
Question 31
During the physical treatment process of wastewater, what is the correct order of following operations to be followed?
A) Flocculation
B) Filtration
C) Screening
D) Sedimentation
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(C), (D), (B), (A)
B
(C), (D), (A), (B)
C
(B), (D), (A), (C)
D
(B), (C), (D), (A)
       Environment       Water-Pollution
Question 32
In a park A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting. C is the brother of D’s husband and son of A. F is the daughter of D and sister of E.
A) E is the grandson of A
B) F is the daughter of C
C) B is the father of F
D) There are one son and one daughter in the group
E) C is the uncle of E
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B) and (C) only
B
(A), (C) and (E) only
C
(B), (D) and (E) only
D
(B), (C) and (D) only
       Mathematical-Reasoning       Blood-Relation-Test
Question 32 Explanation: 
Input’s:
C is the brother of D’s husband and son of A
F is the daughter of D
F is sister of E
B=? [ Hint: D’s Husband ]

Question 33
Which one of the following schools has not accepted anumāna (inference) as a valid source of knowledge?
A
Advaita Vedānta
B
Visisādvaita
C
Chārvāka
D
Sānkhya
       Logical-Reasoning       Pramanas
Question 34
If some pens are pencils but no pencil is sharpener then
A) All pencils are pens
B) Some sharpeners are pencils
C) Some pens are not sharpener
D) Some pencils are not pens
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A) and (C) only
B
(B) and (C) only
C
(A) and (D) only
D
(B) and (D) only
       Logical-Reasoning       Validity-of-Arguments
Question 34 Explanation: 

→ All pencils are pens and Some pens are not sharpener
Note: Statement-B is definitely FALSE. So, Option-B and D are definitely wrong.
No pencil is sharpener
Then
some sharpeners are pencils ==> it is false
So we can eliminate Options consists of statement-B
Now answer is either A & C or A &D But most suitable is A &C
Question 35
Which of the following are non-probability sampling methods?
A) Cluster sampling
B) Judgemental sampling
C) Systematic sampling
D) Snowball sampling
E) Quota sampling
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B) and (C) only
B
(B), (D) and (E) only
C
(B), (C) and (D) only
D
(C), (D) and (E) only
       Reasearch Aptitude       Sampling-Techniques
Question 35 Explanation: 
Nonprobability Sampling:
1. Convenient Sampling
2. Judgment Sampling or Purposive Sampling
3. Quota Sampling
4. Snowball Sampling
Probability Sampling:
1. Simple or Unrestricted Random Sampling
2. Systematic Sampling
3. Stratified Sampling
4. Cluster Sampling
Question 36
What are the advantages of Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) introduced by the UGC for higher education institutions?
A) Focuses on student-centric education
B) Allows students to choose inter-disciplinary and interdisciplinary courses
C) Makes education at par with global standards
D) Makes it easy to estimate the performance levels of students in terms of marks
E) Offers flexibility for students to undertake studies at different times and at different institutions
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B), (C), (D) only
B
(B), (C), (D), (E) only
C
(A), (B), (C), (E) only
D
(C), (D), (E), (A) only
       Higher-Education-and-Politics       Choice-Base-Credit-System
Question 37
Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Indirect instruction is an approach to teaching and learning in which the process is inquiry, the content involves concept and the context is a problem.
Statement II: In NRT test data tell us about a student's level of proficiency in mastery of some skills or set of skills.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
Both Statement I and Statement II are true
B
Both Statement I and Statement II are false
C
Statement I is correct but Statement II is false
D
Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is true
       Teaching Aptitude       Statement-Based-Teaching-And-Learning
Question 38
Which one of the following pramānas has been accepted in Buddhism?
A
Arthāpatti
B
Anupalabdhi
C
S’abda
D
Pratyaksha
       Logical-Reasoning       Pramanas
Question 39
Given below are two Statements:
The water of the pond is muddy. It must have rained last night.
What kind of Anumāna (inference) has been used in the above statements. Choose the correct option from the following:
A) S’esavat anumāna
B) Comparison
C) Pūrvovat anumāna
D) Both (A) and (B)
Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
A
(A) only
B
(B) only
C
(C) only
D
(D) only
       Logical-Reasoning       Anumana
Question 39 Explanation: 
Yes, It may be challenging.
You can refer the below explanation
According to Causal relation anumāna is of three kinds:
(a) Purvavat: In Purvavat anumāna, we infer the unperceived effect from a perceived cause. For example, when from the presence of dark heavy clouds in the sky, we infer that there will be rainfall.
(b) Sesavat: Here, we infer the unperceived cause from a perceived effect. For example, when we see a river in flood and infer that there was heavy rain, we have a case of Sesavat inference.
Note: As per the official key they gave option-C is the correct answer but according to concept, Option-A is the correct answer.
Question 40
Which of the following is considered as an effective form of verbal communication?
A
Story-telling
B
Sloganeering
C
Use of high pitch of voice
D
Monologues
       Communication       Verbal-Communication
Question 40 Explanation: 
As per official answer given as Option-D is correct but according to concept option-A is also correct.
The most effective way to engage your audience is with storytelling: human beings are wired for them. Our brains often don't distinguish between fiction and reality, therefore we immerse ourselves in stories as if we were a part of them. Stories make us experience information, as opposed to just consuming it.
Question 41
Which of the International Agreements/Convention/Protocols are legally binding on the member countries (parties)?
A) Convention on Biological Diversity
B) Kyoto Protocol
C) Montreal Protocol
D) Paris Agreement
Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
A
(C) only
B
(A) and (C) only
C
(A), (B) and (C) only
D
(B), (C) and (D) only
       Environment       Protocols
Question 41 Explanation: 
In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was concluded and established legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) sets binding obligations on industrialized countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases
In the given question, it mentioned that member countries only.
Binding commitments for the Annex I Parties. The main feature of the Protocol is that it established legally binding commitments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases for Annex I Parties
Question 42
Which of the following teacher competency belongs to the domain of personality and attitude?
A
Locus of control and self-efficiency
B
Managing and Monitoring
C
Planning and instructing
D
Personalising and contextualizing
       Teaching Aptitude       Teacher\'s-Characteristics
Question 43
Identifying the sequence of stages of message processing
A) Action
B) Internalisation
C) Selection
D) Understanding
E) Perception
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (B), (D), (E), (C)
B
(B), (C), (A), (D), (E)
C
(D), (E), (B), (A), (C)
D
(E), (D), (C), (B), (A)
       Communication       Sequence-of-Communication
Question 43 Explanation: 
Perception → Understanding → Selection → Internalisation → Action
Question 44
Match List I with List II:
List I List II
(Philosophical doctrines) (Philosophical schools)
A) Syādavāda (I) Nyāya
B) Anupalabdhi (II) Buddhism
C) Apoha (III) Vedānta
D) Abhāva (IV) Jainism
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A)-(II), (B)-(IV), (C)-(III), (D)-(I)
B
(A)-(IV), (B)-(III), (C)-(II), (D)-(I)
C
(A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(IV), (D)-(III)
D
(A)-(III), (B)-(I), (C)-(II), (D)-(IV)
       Logical-Reasoning       Pramanas
Question 45
A firewall is a software tool that protects
A) Server
B) Network
C) Fire
D) Individual Computer
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
A
(A), (C) only
B
(B), (C) only
C
(A), (B), (C) only
D
(A), (B), (D) only
       ICT       Firewalls
Question 45 Explanation: 
A firewall is a software tool that protects Server, Network and Individual Computer.
Question 46
Comprehension:
Read the passage and answer questions from 46 to 50.
Through their work and the efforts of others, managers in all kinds of organizational settings, whether industrial, educational, governmental, or military are attempting to run their organizations with the management by objectives process as a basic underlying management concept. Management by objectives is basically a process where by the seniors and the junior managers of an enterprise jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected… use these measures as guides for operating the unit and assessing the contribution of each of its members. In some cases, this process has been successfully carried beyond the managerial level to include hourly employees. The concept rests on a philosophy of management that emphasizes an integration between external control by managers and self-control by employees.It can apply to any manager or individual no matter what level or function, and to any organisation, regardless of size. The effective functioning of this system is an agreement between a manager and an employee about the employee’s groups performance goals during a stated time period. These goals can emphasise either output variables of intervening variables or some combination of both. The important thing is that goals are jointly established and agreed upon in advance. At the end of the time period, performance is reviewed in relation to accepted goals. Both the employee and the manager participate in this review.
Q46: The critical feature of the concept in this type of management is related to
A
the assignment of responsibility to the workers
B
distinguishing the operational role between managers and workers
C
promoting of uniformity of work environment among all types of organisation
D
sharing of responsibility with an eye on results
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 46 Explanation: 
It is given in the passage " Management by objectives is basically a process where by the seniors and the junior managers of an enterprise jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected… "
It means they take up responsibilities keeping in mind the result to be achieved.
Question 47
Comprehension:
Read the passage and answer questions from 46 to 50.
Through their work and the efforts of others, managers in all kinds of organizational settings, whether industrial, educational, governmental, or military are attempting to run their organizations with the management by objectives process as a basic underlying management concept. Management by objectives is basically a process where by the seniors and the junior managers of an enterprise jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected… use these measures as guides for operating the unit and assessing the contribution of each of its members. In some cases, this process has been successfully carried beyond the managerial level to include hourly employees. The concept rests on a philosophy of management that emphasizes an integration between external control by managers and self-control by employees.It can apply to any manager or individual no matter what level or function, and to any organisation, regardless of size. The effective functioning of this system is an agreement between a manager and an employee about the employee’s groups performance goals during a stated time period. These goals can emphasise either output variables of intervening variables or some combination of both. The important thing is that goals are jointly established and agreed upon in advance. At the end of the time period, performance is reviewed in relation to accepted goals. Both the employee and the manager participate in this review.
Q47: The philosophy behind management by objective is to
A
effect improvement through a joint review of achievement of performance goals within a given timeframe
B
integrate external and internal controls by managers
C
provide managers scope to review the accepted output variables
D
agree upon different performance goals for managers and employees
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 47 Explanation: 
Pls note all the options are wrong.
Option 2 can be modified as integrate external control by manager and self control by employees
Explanation: As given in passage "The concept rests on a philosophy of management that emphasizes an integration between external control by managers and self-control by employees."
Question 48
Comprehension:
Read the passage and answer questions from 46 to 50.
Through their work and the efforts of others, managers in all kinds of organizational settings, whether industrial, educational, governmental, or military are attempting to run their organizations with the management by objectives process as a basic underlying management concept. Management by objectives is basically a process where by the seniors and the junior managers of an enterprise jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected… use these measures as guides for operating the unit and assessing the contribution of each of its members. In some cases, this process has been successfully carried beyond the managerial level to include hourly employees. The concept rests on a philosophy of management that emphasizes an integration between external control by managers and self-control by employees.It can apply to any manager or individual no matter what level or function, and to any organisation, regardless of size. The effective functioning of this system is an agreement between a manager and an employee about the employee’s groups performance goals during a stated time period. These goals can emphasise either output variables of intervening variables or some combination of both. The important thing is that goals are jointly established and agreed upon in advance. At the end of the time period, performance is reviewed in relation to accepted goals. Both the employee and the manager participate in this review.
Q48: In an MBO, organisation is managed through the identification of
A
competing goals
B
common objectives
C
its specific characteristics
D
senior and junior managers
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 48 Explanation: 
As given in passage " Management by objectives is basically a process where by the seniors and the junior managers of an enterprise jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected…"
MBO means Management by Objective is managed by identifying common goals /objectives.
Question 49
Comprehension:
Read the passage and answer questions from 46 to 50.
Through their work and the efforts of others, managers in all kinds of organizational settings, whether industrial, educational, governmental, or military are attempting to run their organizations with the management by objectives process as a basic underlying management concept. Management by objectives is basically a process where by the seniors and the junior managers of an enterprise jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected… use these measures as guides for operating the unit and assessing the contribution of each of its members. In some cases, this process has been successfully carried beyond the managerial level to include hourly employees. The concept rests on a philosophy of management that emphasizes an integration between external control by managers and self-control by employees.It can apply to any manager or individual no matter what level or function, and to any organisation, regardless of size. The effective functioning of this system is an agreement between a manager and an employee about the employee’s groups performance goals during a stated time period. These goals can emphasise either output variables of intervening variables or some combination of both. The important thing is that goals are jointly established and agreed upon in advance. At the end of the time period, performance is reviewed in relation to accepted goals. Both the employee and the manager participate in this review.
Q49: The requisite for management by objectives is centred on
A
the control by seniors
B
the guidance of juniors
C
the participatory process
D
the organizational settings
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 49 Explanation: 
As given in passage " The effective functioning of this system is an agreement between a manager and an employee about the employee’s groups performance goals during a stated time period. " It means each person has to put in their respective individual performance to achieve the goal. Therefore it requires the effective participation of the managers and employees.
Therefore the requisite of this type of management is effective participation of all to achieve the result.
Question 50
Comprehension:
Read the passage and answer questions from 46 to 50.
Through their work and the efforts of others, managers in all kinds of organizational settings, whether industrial, educational, governmental, or military are attempting to run their organizations with the management by objectives process as a basic underlying management concept. Management by objectives is basically a process where by the seniors and the junior managers of an enterprise jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected… use these measures as guides for operating the unit and assessing the contribution of each of its members. In some cases, this process has been successfully carried beyond the managerial level to include hourly employees. The concept rests on a philosophy of management that emphasizes an integration between external control by managers and self-control by employees.It can apply to any manager or individual no matter what level or function, and to any organisation, regardless of size. The effective functioning of this system is an agreement between a manager and an employee about the employee’s groups performance goals during a stated time period. These goals can emphasise either output variables of intervening variables or some combination of both. The important thing is that goals are jointly established and agreed upon in advance. At the end of the time period, performance is reviewed in relation to accepted goals. Both the employee and the manager participate in this review.
Q50: In this frame of reference, how does an organization function effectively?
A
By including the hourly employees in the managerial positions
B
By identifying and executing performance targets in a collaborative mode
C
By imposing a rigid philosophy of management
D
By providing separate work environment for both managers and workers
       Reading-Comprehension       Reading-Comprehension
Question 50 Explanation: 
As given in passage "The effective functioning of this system is an agreement between a manager and an employee about the employee’s groups performance goals during a stated time period. The important thing is that goals are jointly established and agreed upon in advance. At the end of the time period, performance is reviewed in relation to accepted goals. "
So we see from the words highlighted that this management can work effectively only with agreement (collaboration/ working together) of the manager and employees to meet the goal.
There are 50 questions to complete.