University Grants Commission (UGC)-National Eligibility Test (NET)-Junior Research Fellow(JRF)

NTA UGC-NET-JRF Syllabus for Paper-1
NTA UGC-NET-JRF Syllabus for Paper-2 [ Computer Science and Applications ]

UGC-NET-JRF Preparation: 

1. It is lengthy when compared to GATE. But the standard of questions are not like GATE. It means UGC-NET-JRF will ask basic and fundamental concepts of all subjects. We have to know each and every subject thoroughly. 

2. Practice previous year questions as well as Test series questions. Test series will helps to manage time and to face same level of questions before the exam


Q1: What is the minimum qualification for UGC-NET?

Ans: Minimum qualification to write GATE exam is UG. 

        Minimum qualification to write UGC-NET-JRF is PG.  

Q2: How is UGC-NET-JRF different from GATE?

Ans: UGC-NET-JRF will provide fellowship to pursue a PhD and to work in any state/central organizations JRF. 

Through GATE also they can get fellowship to pursue a PhD but limited organisations like(NITs or IITs) but not central and state universities. 

UGC-NET-JRF will give fellowship to any organization which includes IITs/NITS/Central and state universities.

They will give more preference to UGC-NET-JRF students.

Q3: Why are they giving more preference to UGC-NET-JRF rather than GATE ranks?

Ans: The fellowship grants release by UGC which means external body. If we get admission through GATE, the institution has to pay fellowship. 

Q4: What is NET and JRF? Is there any difference or are both the same? Will they conduct separate exams for NET and JRF?

Ans: They will conduct one exam for both NET and JRF but NET is different from JRF. 

NET will get the top 6% of attendees for the exam. 

JRF will get a top 1 or 2% of the attendees for the exam. Age limit is 

  1. For General 30 years
  2. For OBC 33 years
  3. For SC/ST/Pwd 35 years.

The National Eligibility Test(NET) is a certificate to be eligible to teach students. The government of India is giving certificates to teach students. They are issuing certificate name as “Assistant professor” 

Q5: NET students are eligible to get fellowships?

Ans: No, only JRF students are eligible to get fellowship. 

Q6: What is validity for JRF?

Ans: Validity to claim JRF is 2 years. It means we have to get a PhD admission or to join any organization to claim fellowship. Otherwise, it will expire after 2 years. 

Q7:  What is the fellowship amount for JRF candidates?

Ans: The government of India is encouraging and giving importance to research scholars. For that they are paying decent payment to survive. They will give a maximum of 5 years of fellowship. 

1. First 2 years: 31000+30% HRA + Contingency

2. Next 3 years: 35000+30% HRA + Contingency

HRA will depend upon the city. Maximum they can give 30% of HRA

Ex: Hyderabad Metro City


      =40,300 + Contingency

SRF = 35000+10500

        = 45,500 + Contingency

Q8: What is SRF?

Ans: Senior research fellow(SRF). There is no need to write any exam for SRF. After 2 years of JRF they will automatically convert JRF to SRF. 

JRF: First 2 years.

SRF: last 3 years.

Q9: What is the exam pattern for UGC-NET-JRF?

Ans: UGC-NET-JRF having 2 papers.

  1. Paper-1→ It is common to all other disciplines.
  2. Paper-2→ It is for a concerned subject. 

Total number of questions is 150. 

Paper-1: 50

Paper-2: 100

Duration of the exam is 180min or 3 hours. Each question carries 2 marks. 

Total 300 marks exam. 

Q10: Duration for UGC-NET-JRF and negative marking?

Ans: There is no negative marking for the UGC-NET-JRF exam. 

Q11: Syllabus and order of preference for paper-1?

Ans: Paper-1 contains 10 sections. Each section carries 5 questions. Below we are given order of preference for 10 sections. 

1. Reasoning

2. Data interpretation

3. Computer science

4. Logical reasoning

5. English comprehensive questions

6. Communication

7. Teaching Aptitude[It is easy but lengthy questions]

8. Research Aptitude

9. Higher education

10. Environmental

Q12: What are the good books for Paper-1?

Ans: For paper-1 we are referring 2 books

→  KVS madaan

→  Truemen’s publications

Q13: Syllabus and order of preference for paper-2?

Ans: It contains 10 sections. Each section carries 10 questions. Given syllabus according to order of preference. 

1. Software Engineering

2. Database Management Systems

3. Data Structures and Algorithms

4. Theory of Computation and Compilers

5. System Software and Operating System

6. Data Communication and Computer Networks

7. Computer System Architecture

8. Programming Languages and Computer Graphics

9. Artificial Intelligence (AI)

10. Discrete Structures and Optimization

Q14: What are the good books for Paper-2?

Discrete Structures:

Discrete Mathematics by Lipschutz Seymour

Computer Arithmetic:

Digital Logic and Computer Design – M. Morris Mano

Programming in C and C++:

Programming in C – Byron Gottfried

OOPS using C++ – E. Balagurusamy

Relational Design and Database:

Fundamentals of Database Systems -Ramez Elmasri, Navathe

Database Management – G.V. Post

Data and File Structure:

Data structure – Seymour Lipschutz

Theory of Computation:

Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages and Computation by John E. Hopcroft and Ullman

Computer Networks:

Computer Networks – Andrew S. Tanenbaum

Data and Computer Communications – William Stallings

System Software:

Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications with the 8085 – Ramesh S. Gaonkar


Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools – Aho, Lam, Sethi and Ullman

Operating Systems with Unix:

Operating System Concepts – Galvin and Silberschatz

Unix-Concepts and Applications -M. J. Back, S. Das

Software Engineering:

Software Engineering A Practitioner’s Approach – Roger S. Pressman

Software Engineering concepts- Richard fairley

Computer Graphics:

Introduction to Computer Graphics -Hearn and Baker, Rogers

Artificial Intelligence:

Artificial Intelligence – Elaine Rich and Kevin Knight